Who Will Be the Next President

Author: Alexander S. Belenky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642326358
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book addresses the peculiarities of the current presidential election system not yet addressed in other publications. It argues that any rules for electing a President that may have a chance to replace the current ones should provide an equal representation of states as equal members of the Union, and of the nation as a whole. This book analyzes the National Popular Vote plan and shows that this plan may violate the Supreme Court decisions on the equality of votes cast in statewide popular elections held to choose state electors. Thus, the National Popular Vote plan may violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The book proposes a new election system in which the will of the states and the will of the nation as a whole are determined by direct popular elections for President and Vice President in the 50 states and in D.C. This system a) would elect President a candidate who is the choice of both the nation as a whole and of the states as equal members of the Union, b) would let the current system elect a President only if no such candidate exists, and c) would encourage the candidates to campaign nationwide. From the contents: The initial design of the Electoral College: basic ideas, logical mistakes, and overlooked problems.- The Electoral College today.- Curbing contingent elections.- Inconvenient facts about the Electoral College.- The Electoral College and campaign strategies.- The National Popular Vote plan: a brilliant idea or a dead-on-arrival delusion?.- Equalizing the will of the states and the will of the nation.- Conclusion.

Best Practices for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System

Author: Lenore E.A. Walker
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319216562
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This timely brief resource introduces a new evidence-based model for treatment of mentally ill individuals in jails, with emphasis on community-based options. Forensic mental health experts review police alternatives to arresting mentally ill persons in confrontations, the efficacy of problem-solving courts, and continuity of care between jail and community. The book's best-practices approach extends to frequently related issues such as addiction, domestic violence, juvenile considerations, and trauma and describes successful programs coordinating judicial and clinical systems. These guidelines for decriminalizing non-violent behaviors and making appropriate services available to those with mental problems should also help address issues affecting the justice system, such as overcrowding. Included in the coverage: The Best Practices Model. Best practices in law enforcement crisis interventions with the mentally ill. Problem-solving courts and therapeutic jurisprudence. Competency restoration programs. A review of best practices for the treatment of persons with mental illness in jail. Conclusions, recommendations, and helpful appendices. With its practical vision for systemic improvement, Best Practices Model for Intervention with the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System is progressive reading for practitioners in the mental health field, especially practitioners working with inmates, as well as for stakeholders in the law enforcement and justice systems.

White privilege

Author: Bhopal, Kalwant
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447335996
Format: PDF, Docs
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Why and how do those from black and minority ethnic communities continue to be marginalised? Despite claims that we now live in a post-racial society, race continues to disadvantage those from black and minority ethnic backgrounds. Kalwant Bhopal explores how neoliberal policy making has increased rather than decreased discrimination faced by those from non-white backgrounds. She also shows how certain types of whiteness are not privileged; Gypsies and Travellers, for example, remain marginalised and disadvantaged in society. Drawing on topical debates and supported by empirical data, this important book examines the impact of race on wider issues of inequality and difference in society.

The Recovery of Gold from Secondary Sources

Author: Syed Sabir
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 178326991X
Format: PDF, ePub
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New discoveries of the properties of gold at a nanoscale, and its effective use in modern technologies, have been driving a virtual "gold rush". Depleting natural resources has meant that the recovery of gold continues to grow in importance and relevance. The Recovery of Gold from Secondary Sources analyses the most advanced technology in gold recovery and recycling from spent sources of mobile phones, unwanted electronic equipment and waste materials. State-of-the-art techniques of hydrometallurgical and bio-metallurgical processing, leaching, cementing, adsorbing and separation through bio-sorbents are all described in detail, providing a guide for students and researchers. Discussion of environmentally friendly methods of recovery are presented, in order to provide modern-day alternatives to previous techniques. For those interested in the study of gold recovery this book gives a comprehensive overview of current recovery, making it the ultimate source of information for students, researchers, chemists, metallurgists, environmental scientists and electronic waste recovery experts. Contents: Introduction (S Syed)Leaching of Gold from the Spent/End-of-Life Mobile Phone-PCBs using "Greener Reagents" (Jae-chun Lee and Rajiv R Srivastava)Electroless Displacement Deposition of Gold from Aqueous Source — Recovery from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) using Waste Silicon Powder (Kenji Fukuda and Shinji Yae)Adsorption of Gold on Granular Activated Carbons and New Sources of Renewable and Eco-Friendly Activated Carbons (Gerrard Eddy Jai Poinern, Shashi Sharma, and Derek Fawcett)Development of Novel Biosorbents for Gold and Their Application for the Recovery of Gold from Spent Mobile Phones (Katsutoshi Inoue, Manju Gurung, Hidetaka Kawakita, Keisuke Ohto, Durga Parajuli, Bimala Pangeni, and Shafiq Alam)Environmentally Friendly Processes for the Recovery of Gold from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE): A Review (Isabella Lancellotti, Roberto Giovanardi, Elena Bursi, and Luisa Barbieri)Study on the Influence of Various Factors in the Hydrometallurgical Processing of Waste Electronic Materials for Gold Recovery (I Birloaga and F Vegliò) Readership: Students, researchers, chemists, metallurgists, environmental scientists and electronic waste recovery experts.

Ethics Dumping

Author: Doris Schroeder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319647318
Format: PDF
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This book is published under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book provides original, up-to-date case studies of “ethics dumping” that were largely facilitated by loopholes in the ethics governance of low and middle-income countries. It is instructive even to experienced researchers since it provides a voice to vulnerable populations from the fore mentioned countries. Ensuring the ethical conduct of North-South collaborations in research is a process fraught with difficulties. The background conditions under which such collaborations take place include extreme differentials in available income and power, as well as a past history of colonialism, while differences in culture can add a new layer of complications. In this context, up-to-date case studies of unethical conduct are essential for research ethics training.

Children s Rights and Social Work

Author: Hanita Kosher
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319439200
Format: PDF
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This book provides a conceptual framework for children's rights as well as specific strategies and opportunities for social workers to apply in their work. It guides social work professionals and students through the history of children's rights. It also includes a call for a paradigm shift from a focus on the right to nurturance to the right to self-determination, as well as a contrasting look at children's rights in the West versus the rest of the world.

Anti fragile ICT Systems

Author: Kjell Jørgen Hole
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319300709
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

New Nordic Gardens

Author: Annika Zetterman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780500519455
Format: PDF
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The first overview of contemporary landscape design in Scandinavia--minimalist and attuned to nature--inspiring for design professionals as well as amateur gardeners

An Assessment of Mine Legacies and How to Prevent Them

Author: Vladimir Pacheco Cueva
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319539760
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book seeks to enrich the growing literature on mine legacies by examining a case study of a small abandoned mine in Latin America. Using a combination of Rapid Rural Appraisal and secondary source analysis, this study assessed some of the most damaging legacies of the San Sebastian mine in eastern El Salvador, compared the country’s mine closure legislation against world’s best practice standards and provided strategies for awareness, prevention and remediation. The most damaging legacy to the environment is that of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) contamination of the local river. The impact of AMD is felt well beyond the mining district and the costs of prevention and remediation were found to be significant. Apart from environmental legacies, the mine also left a number of socio-economic legacies including: limited access to non-polluted water that results in San Sebastian residents devoting a high proportion of their income in obtaining water, lost opportunities due to the cessation of mining, uncertain land tenure situation and increasing growth of ASGM activities that exacerbate already existing environmental pollution due to use of mercury. The study also found that the state’s capacity to ensure compliance with the law is very weak and that in many important respects the country’s current legal framework does not meet world’s best practice when it comes to mine closure requirements. The findings are important because they demonstrate that the lack of closure planning can lead to private operators socializing the costs of pollution. The study also shows that the lack of state capacity may result in extractive projects becoming socio-economic liabilities in the long term.

French Brazilian Geography

Author: José Borzacchiello da Silva
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319310232
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book analyses the development of geography as a scientific discipline in Brazil, highlighting how the established partnerships with French geographers have helped shape scientific progress in the country. It connects economic development and politics with the study of geography in Brazil. The author, José Borzacchiello da Silva, includes interviews with renowned French geographers, documenting their insight into the French contribution to geography in Brazil. The research partnerships established have been significant to the foundation and growth of the discipline in the country.