Thought in a Hostile World

Author: Kim Sterelny
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631188872
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download and Read
WINNER OF THE 2004 LAKATOS AWARD! Thought in a Hostile World is an exploration of the evolution of cognition, especially human cognition, by one of today's foremost philosophers of biology and of mind. Featuresan exploration of the evolution of human cognition. Written by one of today’s foremost philosophers of mind and language. Presents a set of analytic tools for thinking about cognition and its evolution. Offers a critique of nativist, modular versions of evolutionary psychology, rejecting the example of language as a model for thinking about human cognitive capacities. Applies to the areas of cognitive science, philosophy of mind, and evolutionary psychology.

Thought in a Hostile World

Author: Kim Sterelny
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631188865
Format: PDF, Docs
Download and Read
WINNER OF THE 2004 LAKATOS AWARD! Thought in a Hostile World is an exploration of the evolution of cognition, especially human cognition, by one of today's foremost philosophers of biology and of mind. Featuresan exploration of the evolution of human cognition. Written by one of today’s foremost philosophers of mind and language. Presents a set of analytic tools for thinking about cognition and its evolution. Offers a critique of nativist, modular versions of evolutionary psychology, rejecting the example of language as a model for thinking about human cognitive capacities. Applies to the areas of cognitive science, philosophy of mind, and evolutionary psychology.

The Evolved Apprentice

Author: Kim Sterelny
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262302814
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download and Read
Over the last three million years or so, our lineage has diverged sharply from those of our great ape relatives. Change has been rapid (in evolutionary terms) and pervasive. Morphology, life history, social life, sexual behavior, and foraging patterns have all shifted sharply away from those of the other great apes. In The Evolved Apprentice, Kim Sterelny argues that the divergence stems from the fact that humans gradually came to enrich the learning environment of the next generation. Humans came to cooperate in sharing information, and to cooperate ecologically and reproductively as well, and these changes initiated positive feedback loops that drove us further from other great apes. Sterelny develops a new theory of the evolution of human cognition and human social life that emphasizes the gradual evolution of information-sharing practices across generations and how these practices transformed human minds and social lives. Sterelny proposes that humans developed a new form of ecological interaction with their environment, cooperative foraging. The ability to cope with the immense variety of human ancestral environments and social forms, he argues, depended not just on adapted minds but also on adapted developmental environments.

Kluge

Author: Gary Marcus
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780547348087
Format: PDF
Download and Read
How is it that we can recognize photos from our high school yearbook decades later, but cannot remember what we ate for breakfast yesterday? And why are we inclined to buy more cans of soup if the sign says "LIMIT 12 PER CUSTOMER" rather than "LIMIT 4 PER CUSTOMER?" In Kluge, Gary Marcus argues convincingly that our minds are not as elegantly designed as we may believe. The imperfections result from a haphazard evolutionary process that often proceeds by piling new systems on top of old ones—and those systems don’t always work well together. The end product is a "kluge," a clumsy, cobbled-together contraption. Taking us on a tour of the essential areas of human experience—memory, belief, decision making, language, and happiness—Marcus unveils a fundamentally new way of looking at the evolution of the human mind and simultaneously sheds light on some of the most mysterious aspects of human nature.

Cognition Evolution and Behavior

Author: Sara J. Shettleworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195110487
Format: PDF, ePub
Download and Read
Integrating research from psychology, behavioural ecology and ethology in a wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research about animal cognition in the broadest sense, this book discusses how and why animals process information as they do.

Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature

Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521646246
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download and Read
This book explains the relationship between intelligence and environmental complexity, and in so doing links philosophy of mind to more general issues about the relations between organisms and environments, and to the general pattern of 'externalist' explanations. The author provides a biological approach to the investigation of mind and cognition in nature. In particular he explores the idea that the function of cognition is to enable agents to deal with environmental complexity. The history of the idea in the work of Dewey and Spencer is considered, as is the impact of recent evolutionary theory on our understanding of the place of mind in nature.

Dawkins Vs Gould

Author: Kim Sterelny
Publisher: Icon Books UK
ISBN: 9781840462494
Format: PDF
Download and Read
Over the last twenty years, Richard Dawkins and Stephen Jay Gould have engaged in a savage battle over evolution that shows no sign of waning. Sterelny moves beyond caricature to expose the real differences between the conceptions of evolution of these two leading scientists. Australian author.

A Natural History of Human Morality

Author: Michael Tomasello
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674915879
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download and Read
Michael Tomasello offers the most detailed account to date of the evolution of human moral psychology. Based on experimental data comparing great apes and human children, he reconstructs two key evolutionary steps whereby early humans gradually became an ultra-cooperative and, eventually, a moral species capable of acting as a plural agent “we”.

Arguing About Metaethics

Author: Andrew Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download and Read
Arguing about Metaethicscollects together some of the most exciting contemporary work in metaethics in one handy volume. In it, many of the most influential philosophers in the field discuss key questions in metaethics: Do moral properties exist? If they do, how do they fit into the world as science conceives it? If they don't exist, then how should we understand moral thought and language? What is the relation between moral judgment and motivation? As well as these questions, this volume discusses a wide range of issues including moral objectivity, truth and moral judgments, moral psychology, thick evaluative concepts and moral relativism. The editors provide lucid introductions to each of the twelve themed sections in which they show how the debate lies and outline the arguments of the papers.Arguing aboutMetaethicsis an ideal resource text for students at upper undergraduate or postgraduate level.