Thermodynamics and Equations of State for Matter

Author: Vladimir Fortov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814749214
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionPhase States of Matter, Their ClassificationEquations of State of Gases and LiquidsQuantum-Mechanical Models of a SolidPlasma ThermodynamicsMonte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics MethodsStatistical Substance ModelDensity Functional MethodPhase TransitionsSemi-Empirical Equations of StateRelativistic Plasma. Wide–Range DescriptionNuclear Transformations Under Strong CompressionQuark–Gluon Plasma and Strange MatterSemi-Empiric Nuclear ModelsBibliography Readership: The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Thermodynamics and Equations of State for Matter

Author: Vladimr E. Fortov
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814749190
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Big Data

Author: Fei Hu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498734871
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Although there are already some books published on Big Data, most of them only cover basic concepts and society impacts and ignore the internal implementation details—making them unsuitable to R&D people. To fill such a need, Big Data: Storage, Sharing, and Security examines Big Data management from an R&D perspective. It covers the 3S designs—storage, sharing, and security—through detailed descriptions of Big Data concepts and implementations. Written by well-recognized Big Data experts around the world, the book contains more than 450 pages of technical details on the most important implementation aspects regarding Big Data. After reading this book, you will understand how to: Aggregate heterogeneous types of data from numerous sources, and then use efficient database management technology to store the Big Data Use cloud computing to share the Big Data among large groups of people Protect the privacy of Big Data during network sharing With the goal of facilitating the scientific research and engineering design of Big Data systems, the book consists of two parts. Part I, Big Data Management, addresses the important topics of spatial management, data transfer, and data processing. Part II, Security and Privacy Issues, provides technical details on security, privacy, and accountability. Examining the state of the art of Big Data over clouds, the book presents a novel architecture for achieving reliability, availability, and security for services running on the clouds. It supplies technical descriptions of Big Data models, algorithms, and implementations, and considers the emerging developments in Big Data applications. Each chapter includes references for further study.

Cosmology with MATLAB

Author: Dan Green
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813108428
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume makes explicit use of the synergy between cosmology and high energy physics, for example, supersymmetry and dark matter, or nucleosynthesis and the baryon-to-photon ratio. In particular the exciting possible connection between the recently discovered Higgs scalar and the scalar field responsible for inflation is explored. The recent great advances in the accuracy of the basic cosmological parameters is exploited in that no free scale parameters such as h appear, rather the basic calculations are done numerically using all sources of energy density simultaneously. Scripts are provided that allow the reader to calculate exact results for the basic parameters. Throughout MATLAB tools such as symbolic math, numerical solutions, plots and "movies" of the dynamical evolution of systems are used. The GUI package is also shown as an example of the real time manipulation of parameters which is available to the reader. All the MATLAB scripts are made available to the reader to explore examples of the uses of the suite of tools which are available. Indeed, readers should be able to engage in a command line "dialogue" or go on to edit the scripts and write their own versions.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Author: Byung Chan Eu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814295116
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Thermodynamics is an ever evolving subject. This book aims to introduce to advanced undergraduate students and graduate students the fundamental ideas and notions of the first and second laws of thermodynamics in a manner unavailable in the usual textbooks on the subject of thermodynamics. For example, it treats the notions of unavailable work, compensated and uncompensated heats, and dissipation, which make it possible to formulate the thermodynamic laws in more broadened forms than those in the conventional treatment of equilibrium thermodynamics. It thus strives to prepare students for more advanced subjects of irreversible processes, which are encountered in our everyday scientific activities. In addition, it also aims to provide them with functional and practical knowledge of equilibrium chemical thermodynamics of reversible processes in real fluids. It discusses temperature, work and heat, thermodynamic laws, equilibrium conditions and thermodynamic stability, thermodynamics of reversible processes in gases and liquids, in surfaces, chemical equilibria, reversible processes in electrolyte solutions and dielectrics in static electric and magnetic fields. A couple of examples for irreversible processes associated with fluid flows and chemical pattern formation and wave propagations are discussed as examples for applications of broader treatments of the thermodynamic laws in the realm of irreversible phenomena.

Extreme States of Matter in Strong Interaction Physics

Author: Helmut Satz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319718940
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is a course-tested primer on the thermodynamics of strongly interacting matter – a profound and challenging area of both theoretical and experimental modern physics. Analytical and numerical studies of statistical quantum chromodynamics provide the main theoretical tool, while in experiments, high-energy nuclear collisions are the key for extensive laboratory investigations. As such, the field straddles statistical, particle and nuclear physics, both conceptually and in the methods of investigation used. The book addresses, above all, the many young scientists starting their scientific research in this field, providing them with a general, self-contained introduction that highlights the basic concepts and ideas and explains why we do what we do. Much of the book focuses on equilibrium thermodynamics: first it presents simplified phenomenological pictures, leading to critical behavior in hadronic matter and to a quark-hadron phase transition. This is followed by elements of finite temperature lattice QCD and an exposition of the important results obtained through the computer simulation of the lattice formulation. It goes on to clarify the relationship between the resulting critical behavior due to symmetry breaking/restoration in QCD, before turning to the QCD phase diagram. The presentation of bulk equilibrium thermodyamics is completed by studying the properties of the quark-gluon plasma as a new state of strongly interacting matter. The final chapters of the book are devoted to more specific topics that arise when nuclear collisions are considered as a tool for the experimental study of QCD thermodynamics. This second edition includes a new chapter on the hydrodynamic evolution of the medium produced in nuclear collisions. Since the study of flow for strongly interacting fluids has gained ever-increasing importance over the years, it is dealt with it in some detail, including comments on gauge/gravity duality. Moreover, other aspects of experimental studies are brought up to date, such as the search for critical behavior in multihadron production, the calibration of quarkonium production in nuclear collisions, and the relation between strangeness suppression and deconfinement.

Hadrons and Quark Gluon Plasma

Author: Jean Letessier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139433037
Format: PDF, ePub
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Before matter as we know it emerged, the universe was filled with the primordial state of hadronic matter called quark–gluon plasma. This hot soup of quarks and gluons is effectively an inescapable consequence of our current knowledge about the fundamental hadronic interactions: quantum chromodynamics. This book covers the ongoing search to verify the prediction experimentally and discusses the physical properties of this novel form of matter. It begins with an overview of the subject, followed by discussion of experimental methods and results. The second half of the book covers hadronic matter in confined and deconfined form, and strangeness as a signature of the quark–gluon phase. Covering the basics as well as more advanced material, it is ideal as an introduction for graduate students, as well as providing a valuable reference for researchers already working in this and related fields.

Extreme States of Matter

Author: Vladimir E. Fortov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319189530
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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With its many beautiful colour pictures, this book gives fascinating insights into the unusual forms and behaviour of matter under extremely high pressures and temperatures. These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams, electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets and in many other situations characterized by extremely high pressures and temperatures. Written by one of the world's foremost experts on the topic, this book will inform and fascinate all scientists dealing with materials properties and physics and also serve as an excellent introduction to plasma-, shock-wave and high-energy-density physics for students and newcomers seeking an overview. This second edition is thoroughly revised and expanded, in particular with new material on high energy-density physics, nuclear explosions and other nuclear transformation processes.