The Public Budgeting and Finance Primer

Author: Jay Eungha Ryu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317455088
Format: PDF
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This primer succinctly summarises key theoretical concepts in fiscal choice for both practitioners and scholars. The author contends that fiscal choice is ultimately a choice of both politics and economics. The book first introduces budget institutions and processes at various levels of government, which restrict budget decision makers' discretion. It also explains budget decision makers' efforts to make rational resource allocations. It then shows how and why such efforts are stymied by the decision makers' capacity and institutional settings. The book's unique benefit is its emphasis on all the essential topics, with short, module-type chapters which can be read in any order.

Introduction to Health Care Economics Financial Management

Author: Susan J. Penner
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781740197
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This text presents basic concepts of economics and tools for financial management in the health care arena, including budgeting, breakeven analysis, financial reporting, business plan preparation, and grant writing. The text includes practical case examples drawn from actual health care settings to relate theory to real-world practice. A sample grant proposal and unique grant writing chapter will prepare students for this critical aspect of management. A free, back-of-book CD-ROM provides sample worksheets for analyzing budgets and determining breakeven points, cost-benefit, and cost-effectiveness, as well as sample budgets. Students can use the worksheets to apply their own data and complete their own analyses.

Policy and Choice

Author: William J. Congdon
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815704984
Format: PDF
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Argues that public finance--the study of the government's role in economics--should incorporate principles from behavior economics and other branches of psychology.

Budgeting and Budgetary Institutions

Author: Anwar Shah
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821369407
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Budgeting and budgetary institutions play a critical role in resource allocation, government accountability, and improved fiscal and social outcomes. This volume distills lessons from practices in designing better fiscal institutions, citizen friendly budgets, and open and transparent processes of budget preparation and execution. It also highlights newer concepts of performance budgeting, accrual accounting, activity based costing, and the use of information and communication technology in budgeting. These tools of analysis are supplemented by a review of budgeting in post-conflict countries and two country case studies on the reform of budgeting systems.

Public Financial Management

Author: Howard A. Frank
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420004166
Format: PDF, ePub
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Public Financial Management covers the five major pillars of this sub-discipline of public administration: context, public finance, retirement systems, performance measurement and budgeting, and international perspectives. This text offers practitioners information valuable in their day-to-day operations, while also providing students in public administration and public management programs with a solid foundation for their own development as future professionals and researchers. Overall this volume promotes linkages between resource allocation and "value-adds" for citizens and stakeholders, driving innovations in operations and increased transparency in reporting.

Accrual Budgeting and Fiscal Policy

Author: Marc Robinson
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Can an accrual budgeting system-a system in which budgetary spending authorizations to line ministries are formulated in accrual terms-serve the needs of good fiscal policy? If so, how must such a system be designed? What are the practical challenges which may arise in implementing sound fiscal policy under a budgeting system which is significantly more complex than traditional cash budgeting? These are the primary questions addressed in this paper. Because any budgeting system must support the control of key fiscal policy aggregates, the paper also considers the case for reformulating fiscal policy in terms of accrual rather than cash aggregates. The primary focus is on the potential fiscal policy role of net lending and net financial debt. However, the paper also considers whether net worth is an aggregate with major fiscal policy relevance.

Local Budgeting

Author: Anwar Shah
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821369466
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Local budgeting serves important functions that include setting priorities, planning, financial control over inputs, management of operations and accountability to citizens. These objectives give rise to technical and policy issues that require open discussion and debate. The format of the budget document can facilitate this debate. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of all aspects of local budgeting needed to develop sound fiscal administration at the local level. Topics covered include fiscal administration, forecasting, fiscal discipline, fiscal transparency, integrity of revenue administration, budget formats, and processes including performance budgeting, and capital budgeting.

International Practices to Promote Budget Literacy

Author: Harika Masud
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464810729
Format: PDF
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Budget literacy is defined as 'the ability to read, decipher, and understand public budgets to enable and enhance meaningful citizen participation in the budget process'. It is comprised of two main parts - (i) a technical understanding of public budgets, including familiarity with government spending, tax rates and public debt and; (ii) the ability to engage in the budget process, comprising of practical knowledge on day-to-day issues, as well as an elementary understanding of the economic, social and political implications of budget policies, the stakeholders involved and when and how to provide inputs during the annual budget cycle. Given that no international standards or guidelines have been established for budget literacy education to date, this book seeks to address this gap by taking stock of illustrative initiatives promoting budget literacy for youth in selected countries. The underlying presumption is that when supply-side actors in the budget process -- governments -- simplify and disseminate budget information for demand-side actors -- citizens -- this information will then be used by citizens to provide feedback on the budget. However, since citizens are often insufficiently informed about public budgets to constructively participate in budget processes one way to empower them and to remedy the problem of "budget illiteracy" is to provide budget-literacy education in schools to youth, helping them evolve into civic-minded adults with the essential knowledge needed for analyzing their government's fiscal policy objectives and measures, and the confidence and sense of social responsibility to participate in the oversight of public resources. This book elaborates on approaches, learning outcomes, pedagogical strategies and assessment approaches for budget literacy education, and presents lessons that are relevant for the development, improvement, or scaling up of budget literacy initiatives.

State Tax Policy

Author: David Brunori
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442272880
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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State Tax Policy is the only book that provides students and professionals with a concise, approachable, and up-to-date introduction to the intricacies of state tax policy.

Fiscal Health for Local Governments

Author: Beth Walter Honadle
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472782
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fiscal Health for Local Governments offers a how-to approach to identifying and solving financial problems. Its principal selling point lies in its assumptions: instead of using the vocabulary and research agendas of economist, finance scholars, and political scientists, it will appeal to readers who lack sophisticated knowledge in these areas and nevertheless need practical advice. The book stems from the Fiscal Health Education Program, an applied economics program at the University of Minnesota. It uses three measures of fiscal health — financial condition, trend analysis, and financial trend monitoring system — as the basis for advocating particular fiscal strategies. The book examines the tools that can be used to assess the condition of a local government's fiscal health and some of the policy causes or remedies for certain situations, as well as some of the strategies governments can pursue to maintain and improve health. It will serve as a primer for readers interested in understanding financial processes and alternatives, and as a practical guide for those who need access to fiscal measurement tools. How-to approach will appeal to readers who lack sophisticated knowledge Contains discussion questions and anonymous case studies of actual cities and municipalities Presents practical methods for identifying and solving common fiscal problems