The Minipig in Biomedical Research

Author: Peter A. McAnulty
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439811199
Format: PDF
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The Minipig in Biomedical Research is a comprehensive resource for research scientists on the potential and use of the minipig in basic and applied biomedical research, and the development of drugs and chemicals. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, and drawing on the authors’ global contacts and experience with regulatory authorities and the pharmaceutical and other industries, this accessible manual ranges widely over the biological, scientific, and practical uses of the minipig in the laboratory. Its coverage extends from the minipig’s origins, anatomy, genetics, immunology, and physiology to its welfare, health, and husbandry; practical dosing and examination procedures; surgical techniques; and all areas of toxicity testing and the uses of the minipig as a disease model. Regulatory aspects of its use are considered. The reader will find an extensive amount of theoretical and practical information in the pharmacology; ADME and toxicology chapters which will help scientists and managers when deciding which species to use in basic research; drug discovery and pharmacology; and toxicology studies of chemicals, biotechnology products and devices. The book discusses regulatory uses of minipigs in the evaluation of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and other classes of xenobiotics. It describes features of normal health, normal laboratory values, and common diseases. It also carefully elucidates ethical and legal considerations in their supply, housing, and transport. The result is an all-inclusive and up to date manual about the experimental uses of the minipig that describes ‘How to’ and ‘Why’ and ’What to expect in the normal’, combining enthusiasm and experience with critical assessment of its values and potential problems.

Advances in Swine in Biomedical Research

Author: Mike E. Tumbleson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306454967
Format: PDF, ePub
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Contains papers from the October 1995 symposium, in sections on methods and techniques, and nutrition. Subjects include the Yucatan miniature pig model of ventricular septal defect, the minipig as a model for the study of aging in humans, an external thoracic duct venous shunt to allow for long-term

Sourcebook of Models for Biomedical Research

Author: P. Michael Conn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1588299333
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The collection of systems represented in this volume is a unique effort to reflect the diversity and utility of models used in biomedicine. That utility is based on the consideration that observations made in particular organisms will provide insight into the workings of other, more complex systems. This volume is therefore a comprehensive and extensive collection of these important medical parallels.

Animal Models in Toxicology Second Edition

Author: Shayne C. Gad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142001420X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Reflecting more than a decade’s worth of changes, Animal Models in Toxicology, Second Edition is a practical guide to the common statistical problems encountered in toxicology and the methodologies that are available to solve them. The book presents a historical review of the use of animal models and an overview of broad considerations of metabolism and relevance used in toxicology. Individual chapters covering the eight major species used in toxicology and experimental biology form the core of the book. With contributions from experts in toxicology, toxicological pathology, and species-specific metabolism, each of these chapters provide an excellent introductory “course” along with guidance to the literature for more detailed understanding. The book goes on to make the case for a range of species not commonly used for safety assessment studies but which may provide useful alternative models for some specific endpoints. The chapter authors discuss special considerations regarding the evaluation and interpretation of the clinical pathology of the eight major model species as well as how to select a model species and how to extrapolate the results to humans. They detail potential pitfalls and situations that cause either human or model to be significantly more sensitive than the other or totally irrelevant to each other. The book concludes with an overview of the increasingly complex laws and regulations that govern how laboratory animals are obtained, maintained, and utilized, and an appendix that provides a quick guide to commercial sources of laboratory animals.

Animal Models in Toxicology Third Edition

Author: Shayne C. Gad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466554290
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Animal Models in Toxicology is a single-source reference for the use of animal models in toxicology. Chapters cover nine species used in toxicology and experimental biology. With contributions from experts in toxicology, toxicological pathology, and species-specific metabolism, each of these chapters provides an excellent introductory "course" along with guidance to the literature for a more detailed understanding. This edition includes five new chapters. The first of these provides specific and detailed guidance on the humane, efficient, and effective performance of necropsies for laboratory animals. Other new chapters discuss new technologies available for laboratory animal research—imaging technologies, use of telemetry in animal studies, transgenic animal models, and immunology endpoint for assessment. Also provided is an overview of the increasingly complex laws and regulations that govern how laboratory animals are obtained, maintained, and utilized. A helpful appendix provides a quick guide to commercial sources of laboratory animals.

Swine in the Laboratory

Author: M. Michael Swindle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553529
Format: PDF, Docs
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For two decades, Swine in the Laboratory: Surgery, Anesthesia, and Experimental Techniques has been the most respected practical technical guide for medical and veterinary researchers using swine as experimental animals. Extensively updated and expanded since the publication of the second edition in 2007 and now sponsored by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), it continues to be the most authoritative source of scientific and technical information on the use of domestic and miniature swine in research. Additions to the Third Edition Include: New chapters on toxicology, transgenics, cancer models, and necropsy techniques An overview of porcine models that were not included in the previous edition Updates to chapters on the various body systems Contributions from 25 new coauthors, as well as a new coeditor Significant expansions to the accompanying DVD, including new normal data on farm and minipig breeds, videos on training swine and surgical procedures, updated anatomical imaging, and a colored histological atlas Detailed sections on anesthesia, analgesia, and perioperative care present the best current practices for using swine in experimental surgery. Providing a deepened reference of the most current information and best techniques in an increasingly popular field since the publication of the first edition, this book is a vital tool in conducting the best possible research using porcine models.

Haschek and Rousseaux s Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology

Author: Wanda M. Haschek
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124157653
Format: PDF
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Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology is a key reference on the integration of structure and functional changes in tissues associated with the response to pharmaceuticals, chemicals and biologics. The 3e has been expanded by a full volume, and covers aspects of safety assessment not discussed in the 2e. Completely revised with many new chapters, it remains the most authoritative reference on toxicologic pathology for scientists and researchers studying and making decisions on drugs, biologics, medical devices and other chemicals, including agrochemicals and environmental contaminants. New topics include safety assessment, the drug life cycle, risk assessment, communication and management, carcinogenicity assessment, pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, biomarkers in toxicologic pathology, quality assurance, peer review, agrochemicals, nanotechnology, food and toxicologic pathology, the environment and toxicologic pathology and more. Provides new chapters and in-depth discussion of timely topics in the area of toxicologic pathology and broadens the scope of the audience to include toxicologists and pathologists working in a variety of settings Offers high-quality and trusted content in a multi-contributed work written by leading international authorities in all areas of toxicologic pathology Features hundreds of full color images in both the print and electronic versions of the book to highlight difficult concepts with clear illustrations

PIG PORK

Author: Pía Spry-Marqués
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472911407
Format: PDF, Docs
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Pigs unite and divide people, but why? Pig/Pork explores the love-hate relationship between humans and pigs through the lenses of archaeology, biology, history and gastronomy, providing a close and affectionate look of the myriad causes underlying this singular, multi-millennial bond. What is it that people in all four corners of the world find so fascinating about the pig? When did the human obsession with pigs begin, how did it develop through time, and where is it heading? Why are pigs so special to some of us, but not to others? Pig/Pork sets out to answer these and other porcine-related questions, examining human-pig interactions across the globe through time, from the Palaeolithic to the present day. The book dissects pig anatomy and behaviour, and describes how this knowledge plays a major role in the advance of the agricultural and medical sciences, among others. The book also looks closely at the history of pig-human interaction; how they were domesticated and when, how they affected human history through their diseases, and how they have been involved in centuries of human conflicts, with particular reference to the story of the Iberian Jews and Muslims at the time of the Inquisition. The book goes on to look at how pigs' characteristics and our relationship with them have combined to produce many of the world's great dishes. All this is accompanied by a liberal peppering of pork recipes and the stories behind them, along with facts, wisdom and porker lore, providing a thought-provoking account of where our food comes from, both historically and agriculturally, and how this continues to influence many parts of our behaviour and culture.

Handbook of Pre Clinical Continuous Intravenous Infusion

Author: Guy Healing
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780748408672
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Any scientist or technician involved in pre-clinical drug studies knows that infusing animal models with test substances is no simple matter, especially if one wants to do it humanely as well as guarantee results that are not compromised by the procedure. The challenge becomes compounded if one is employing a variety of species. What works for a rat or mouse does not necessarily work for a rabbit or primate. The Handbook of Pre-clinical Continuous Intravenous Infusion answers the needs of researchers and technicians by providing complete instructions for a wide range of infusion techniques delivered to several species. With sections devoted to rats, mice, rabbits, dogs, mini-pigs, and nonhuman primates (both large and small), this thorough text gives step-by-step instructions for the use of a variety of techniques, and equipment. It includes procedures for multidose infusion toxicity and reproductive toxicology studies, and provides guidance on the use of a variety of equipment, including tail cuffs, harnesses, and implanted buttons. It also offers detailed information on surgical preparation for primates and mini-pigs, along with advice about the use of preoperative anesthesia, post surgical analgesics, and antibiotic administration, as well as valuable input on surgical suite design. "... I was amazed and gratified about the level of detail and the practical emphasis on technical expertise and animal well-being. This book is unique in having that as an overt aim." From the Foreword, David B. Morton, University of Birmingham, UK The text concludes with a chapter on general non-species-specific information that discusses common pathological findings in continuous infusion studies, the use of mini-osmatic pumps, and controllable variables such as vehicles, rates of administration and volumes. With contributions from several established experts in the handling of pre-clinical animal models, this authoritative volume removes the need for any guesswork, allowing technicians and researchers to proceed with confidence in undertaking critical studies.