The Military Humanitarian Complex in Afghanistan

Author: Eric James, (Wr
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780719097232
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Violent conflict brings together two seemingly disparate groups: humanitarians and soldiers. This mixes and convolutes agendas, blurring lines that are often perceived to be sacrosanct. Delving deeply into the history and reasons of why these two groups work in close proximity, this study provide a unique insight into the history, ethical dilemmas and policy conundrums when aid workers operate close to the military. Using Afghanistan as a case study, analytical rigour, deep primary research and ""field"" knowledge are combined in an exceptional contribution to this important area. This book gives scholars and practitioners alike a nuanced perspective on the challenges faced by aid workers, military personnel and decision-makers alike in countries affected by violent conflicts, hosting foreign military interventions and receiving international aid."

Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century

Author: Alexis Heraclides
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0719098599
Format: PDF
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This book is a comprehensive presentation of humanitarian intervention in theory and practice in the course of the long nineteenth century, a precedent of today's situation and debate regarding this controversial concept. Its main contributions are the following: the then international law debate, the international political theory on intervention and the thorough presentation and assessment of the four cases studies linked with the ongoing theory and debate, with emphasis on the lesser known Russian dimension. The book starts with a brief presentation of the present situation. The first part begins with the genealogy of the idea of assisting people who are maltreated which is to be found in the Renaissance, followed by the nineteenth century civilisation-barbarity dichotomy, with its biased Eurocentric gaze. It then examines the pivotal international law dimension, the arguments of advocates and opponents of humanitarian intervention, concluding with the views on intervention of major political theorists. The second part examines in detail four cases as instances of humanitarian intervention: the Greek war (1821-1831), the Lebanon/Syria ethnic conflict (1860-61), and the Bulgarian case (1876-78) in two chapters, with emphasis on the role of Britain and Russia, and the U.S. intervention in Cuba (1895-98). The book will be of benefit to scholars and students of International Relations, International History, International Law, international political theory and ethics in international politics.

Humanitarian Aid Genocide and Mass Killings

Author: Jean-Herv? Bradol
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1526108321
Format: PDF
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Throughout the 1990s, M?decins Sans Fronti?res (MSF) was forced to face the challenges posed by the genocide of Rwandan Tutsis and a succession of outbreaks of political violence in Rwanda and its neighbouring countries. Humanitarian workers were confronted with the execution of almost one million people, tens of thousands of casualties pouring into health centres, the flight of millions of people who had sought refuge in camps and a series of deadly epidemics. Drawing on various hitherto unpublished private and public archives, this book recounts the experiences of the MSF teams working in the field. It is intended for humanitarian aid practitioners, students, journalists and researchers with an interest in genocide and humanitarian studies and the political sociology of international organisations.

Celebrity Humanitarianism and North South Relations

Author: Lisa Ann Richey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317521234
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Discussion over celebrity engagement is often limited to theoretical critique or normative name-calling, without much grounded research into what it is that celebrities are doing, the same or differently throughout the world. Crucially, little attention has been paid to the Global South, either as a place where celebrities intervene into existing politics and social processes, or as the generator of Southern celebrities engaged in ‘do-gooding’. This book examines what the diverse roster of celebrity humanitarians are actually doing in and across North and South contexts. Celebrity humanitarianism is an effective lens for viewing the multiple and diverse relationships that constitute the links between North and South. New empirical findings on celebrity humanitarianism on the ground in Thailand, Malawi, Bangladesh, South Africa, China, Haiti, Congo, US, Denmark and Australia illustrate the impact of celebrity humanitarianism in the Global South and celebritization, participation and democratization in the donor North. By investigating one of the most mediatized and distant representations of humanitarianism (the celebrity intervention) from a perspective of contextualization, the book underscores the importance of context in international development. This book will be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of development studies, celebrity studies, anthropology, political science, geography, and related disciplines. It is also of great relevance to development practitioners, humanitarian NGOs, and professionals in business (CSR, fair trade) who work in the increasingly celebritized field.

Donors Technical Assistance and Public Administration in Kosovo

Author: Mary Venner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1784992720
Format: PDF
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The reconstruction of Kosovo after 1999 was one of the largest and most ambitious international interventions in a post-conflict country. The United Nations, other major multinational organisations and many large bilateral aid donors all played a role in restoring stability and establishing governance in the territory. This book looks beyond the apparently united and generally self-congratulatory statements of these international actors to examine what actually happened when they tried to work together in Kosovo to achieve this goal. It considers the interests and motivations, and the strengths and weaknesses of each of the major players and how they contributed to the creation of new institutions in public finance and public sector management. Although in general the international exercise in Kosovo can be seen as a success, in the sphere of public administration the results have been mixed. More than fifteen years later, some institutions of government perform well while others face ongoing challenges. The book argues that much of the current day performance of the Kosovo government can be traced to the steps taken, or not taken, by these international actors in the crucial first years.

The NGO Care and Food Aid from America 1945 80

Author: Heike Wieters
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1526117223
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a historical account of the NGO CARE as one of the largest humanitarian NGOs worldwide from 1945 to 1980. Readers interested in international relations and humanitarian hunger prevention are provided with fascinating insights into the economic and business related aspects of Western non-governmental politics, fundraising and philanthropic giving in this field. Not only does the book contributes to ongoing research about the rise of NGOs in the international realm, it also offers very rich empirical material on the political implications of private and governmental international aid in a world marked by the order of the Cold War, decolonialization processes and the struggle of so called "Third World Countries" to catch up with modern Western consumer societies.

Islam Law and Identity

Author: Marinos Diamantides
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136675655
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The essays brought together in Islam, Law and Identity are the product of a series of interdisciplinary workshops that brought together scholars from a plethora of countries. Funded by the British Academy the workshops convened over a period of two years in London, Cairo and Izmir. The workshops and the ensuing papers focus on recent debates about the nature of sacred and secular law and most engage case studies from specific countries including Egypt, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Pakistan and the UK. Islam, Law and Identity also addresses broader and over-arching concerns about relationships between religion, human rights, law and modernity. Drawing on a variety of theoretical and empirical approaches, the collection presents law as central to the complex ways in which different Muslim communities and institutions create and re-create their identities around inherently ambiguous symbols of faith. From their different perspectives, the essays argue that there is no essential conflict between secular law and Shari`a but various different articulations of the sacred and the secular. Islam, Law and Identity explores a more nuanced and sophisticated understanding of the tensions that animate such terms as Shari`a law, modernity and secularization

Islamic Charities and Islamic Humanism in Troubled Times

Author: Jonathan Benthall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1784993085
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is the fruit of twenty years' reflection on Islamic charities, both practically and as a key to understand the crisis in contemporary Islam. On the one hand Islam is undervalued as a moral and political force whose admirable qualities are epitomised in its strong tradition of charitable giving. On the other hand, it suffers from a crisis of authority that cannot be blamed entirely on the history of colonialism and stigmatisation to which Muslims have undoubtedly been subjected - most recently, as a result of the "War on Terror". The book consists of seventeen previously published chapters, with a general introduction and new prefatory material for each chapter. Part one reviews the current situation of Islamic charities from many different viewpoints. Part two expands the coverage to explore the potential for a twenty-first century global "Islamic humanism" devised by Muslims. This means addressing contentious topics such as religious toleration.

The Transformation of Peace

Author: O. Richmond
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230505074
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book examines the transformation of the discourse and praxis of peace, from its early beginnings in the literature on war and power, to the development of intellectual and theoretical discourses of peace, contrasting this with the development of practical approaches to peace, and examining the intellectual and policy evolution regarding peace.

The Kosovo Crisis

Author: Paul Latawski
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719059803
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book looks at the legacy of the 1998-99 Kosovo crisis for European security affairs. It examines the debates about the nature and justification of intervention in the affairs of sovereign states. It also considers the impact of the crisis on NATO and on relations between western states and Russia both during and since Kosovo. Well-known "facts" are critically assessed and challenged. The authors argue that the NATO attacks on Serbia were not a "war," nor did the crisis directly lead to moves to endow the European Union with its own military dimension. They place the Kosovo crisis in the context of the long-term evolution of a transatlantic "community of values" between Europe and North America.