The Coming Robot Revolution

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387853499
Format: PDF, Docs
Download and Read
Making a robot that looks and behaves like a human being has been the subject of many popular science fiction movies and books. Although the development of such a robot facesmanychallenges,themakingofavirtualhumanhaslongbeenpotentiallypossible. With recent advances in various key technologies related to hardware and software, the making of humanlike robots is increasingly becoming an engineering reality. Development of the required hardware that can perform humanlike functions in a lifelike manner has benefitted greatly from development in such technologies as biologically inspired materials, artificial intelligence, artificial vision, and many others. Producing a humanlike robot that makes body and facial expressions, communicates verbally using extensive vocabulary, and interprets speech with high accuracy is ext- mely complicated to engineer. Advances in voice recognition and speech synthesis are increasingly improving communication capabilities. In our daily life we encounter such innovations when we call the telephone operators of most companies today. As robotics technology continues to improve we are approaching the point where, on seeing such a robot, we will respond with ‘‘Wow, this robot looks unbelievably real!’’ just like the reaction to an artificial flower. The accelerating pace of advances in related fields suggests that the emergence of humanlike robots that become part of our daily life seems to be imminent. These robots are expected to raise ethical concerns and may also raise many complex questions related to their interaction with humans.

Biomimetics

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439834776
Format: PDF, Docs
Download and Read
Mimicking nature – from science fiction to engineering reality Humans have always looked to nature’s inventions as a source of inspiration. The observation of flying birds and insects leads to innovations in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are based on survival of the fittest, the seed-picking process of pigeons, or the behavior of ant colonies. In recent years these efforts have become more intensive, with researchers seeking rules, concepts, and principles of biology to inspire new possibilities in materials, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication processes. A review of the current state of the art, Biomimetics: Nature Based Innovation documents key biological solutions that provide a model for innovations in engineering and science. Leading experts address a wide range of topics, including: Artificial senses and organs Mimicry at the cell–materials interface Multiscale modeling of plant cell wall architecture and tissue mechanics The making of biomimetic composites Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as artificial muscles EAP-based refreshable braille displays Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants Biomimicry of flying birds, insects, and marine biology Applications of biomimetics in manufacturing, products, and medicine Robotics, including the development of human-like robots Biologically inspired design as a tool for interdisciplinary education The biomimetic process in artistic creation The final chapter outlines the challenges to biomimetic-related innovation and offers a vision for the future. A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies (2005), this comprehensive reference methodically surveys the latest advances in this rapidly emerging field. It features an abundance of illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, and provides extensive references for engineers and scientists interested in delving deeper into the study of biomimetics.

Evolutionary Humanoid Robotics

Author: Malachy Eaton
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662445999
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download and Read
This book examines how two distinct strands of research on autonomous robots, evolutionary robotics and humanoid robot research, are converging. The book will be valuable for researchers and postgraduate students working in the areas of evolutionary robotics and bio-inspired computing.

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials Volume 5

Author: Barton C. Prorok
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461444276
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download and Read
Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics SEM 12th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 11-14, 2012. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, MEMS and Nanotechnology and, Composite Materials and Joining Technologies for Composites.

Bulletproof Feathers

Author: Robert Allen
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download and Read
"Though they may sound like the stuff of science fiction, in fact such inventions represent only the most recent iterations of natural mechanisms that are billions of years old - the focus of the rapidly growing field of biomimetics. Based on the realization that natural selection has for countless eons been conducting trial-and-error experiments with the laws of physics, chemistry, material science, and engineering, biomimetics takes nature as its laboratory, looking to the most successful developments and strategies of an array of plants and animals as a source of technological innovation and ideas. Thus the lotus flower, with its waxy, water-resistant surface, gives us stainproofing; the feathers of raptors become transformable airplane wings; and the nerve-deadening serrations on a mosquito's proboscis are adapted to hypodermics."--pub. desc.

Biomimetics

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420037714
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download and Read
Nature is the world's foremost designer. With billions of years of experience and boasting the most extensive laboratory available, it conducts research in every branch of engineering and science. Nature's designs and capabilities have always inspired technology, from the use of tongs and tweezers to genetic algorithms and autonomous legged robots. Taking a systems perspective rather than focusing narrowly on materials or chemistry aspects, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies examines the field from every angle. The book contains pioneering approaches to biomimetics including a new perspective on the mechanization of cognition and intelligence, as well as defense and attack strategies in nature, their applications, and potential. It surveys the field from modeling to applications and from nano- to macro-scales, beginning with an introduction to principles of using biology to inspire designs as well as biological mechanisms as models for technology. This innovative guide discusses evolutionary robotics; genetic algorithms; molecular machines; multifunctional, biological-, and nano- materials; nastic structures inspired by plants; and functional surfaces in biology. Looking inward at biological systems, the book covers the topics of biomimetic materials, structures, control, cognition, artificial muscles, biosensors that mimic senses, artificial organs, and interfaces between engineered and biological systems. The final chapter contemplates the future of the field and outlines the challenges ahead. Featuring extensive illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies provides unmatched breadth of scope as well as lucid illumination of this promising field.

Humanizing Robots

Author: David Hanson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781549659928
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download and Read
Dr. David Hanson's work creates humanlike robots with increasing intelligence and feelings, resulting in many of the most startling robots in recent years including: Sophia, the walking Albert Hubo, and the android portrait of Philip K Dick. These robots can see you and talk with you with A.I., and express themselves with a full range of natural expressions. This book discusses the origins of this work in Hanson's Ph.D. research conducted from 2002-2007; a newly revised edit of Dr. Hanson's Ph.D. dissertation, "Humanizing Robots" describes his early integrated research in cognitive A.I., bio-inspired mechanics, material science, sculpture and animation, expressive robotic faces and walking robot bodies, and his personal efforts to bring robots to life quite literally. The work includes wide-ranging scientific, artistic and technological research seeking to bring these robots into the world, and considers the philosophical and ethical implications of creating such artificial lifeforms. Hanson's Ph.D. research produced walking, talking, emotionally expressive robots and technologies heralded as "genius" by WIRED magazine and PC magazine, and featured in many popular venues including National Geographic, Popular Science, Le Figaro, Science Magazine. This dissertation also includes selected excerpts from Hanson's published, peer-reviewed papers and articles in IEEE, Science, Springer, Cog Sci, AI Magazine, and SPIE journals, chapters in 4 books, and a coauthored book with JPL senior scientist Yoseph Bar-Cohen. A former professional sculptor and Walt Disney Imagineer, with a film degree from RISD, Hanson's Ph.D. dissertation also considers the art theory and practice of developing intelligent robot characters, and strives to bring together the arts with the sciences as a holistic "super-discipline" which intends to bring robots to life as self-improving super-intelligent friends to the human species. Funded in part under awards from the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ph.D. research won awards from AAAI, Tech Titans, Cooper Hewitt Design Triennial, and a World Technology Award, and several best poster and paper awards, and was presented at TED in 2004 and 2008. In Humanizing Interfaces, Hanson describes details of his inventions and coinventions of numerous technologies during his Ph.D. reseach, including patented lipid-bilayer nanotech for naturalistic skin, expressive face mechanisms, virtual character tools, and neurocognitive-inspired software systems for machine cognition. The book also narrates the story of Hanson's developent of numerous noted robots, including the Philip K. Dick Android, the walking Einstein portrait Albert-Hubo (in collaboration with KAIST), Bina48, and the small Zeno RoboKind. He describes here the use of these robots serve a wide range of research in cognitive science, autism treatment, and robotics at institutions including JPL, Cambridge University, KAIST, UCSD, and the University of Geneva, U. Pisa, and the Autism Treatment Center in Dallas. Also, the book describes the exhibitions of these robots as artworks at the Cooper Hewwit, the Tokyo Modern, the Reina Sofia, and many other museums and galleries, with positive art reviews in the New York Times, the L.A. Times, and other sources. By emulating human bio-systems, from cognition to locomotion to social expression, Hanson seeks to unlock mysteries of human nature and yield machines that are creatively brilliant, truly conscious, and friends with us. Towards this end, in 2009 Hanson founded the nonprofit Initiative for Awakening Machines (IAM), dedicated to realizing super-benevolent, superintelligent AI. By diverse collaboration with many researchers in numerous scientific and arts disciplines, Hanson seeks to participate in an integrated "superdiscipline", of robotic artificial life and sentience, and pursue insights into the deepest nature of mind, meaning, of humanity and beyond.

Handbook of Industrial Robotics

Author: Shimon Y. Nof
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471177838
Format: PDF, Docs
Download and Read
About the Handbook of Industrial Robotics, Second Edition: "Once again, the Handbook of Industrial Robotics, in its Second Edition, explains the good ideas and knowledge that are needed for solutions." -Christopher B. Galvin, Chief Executive Officer, Motorola, Inc. "The material covered in this Handbook reflects the new generation of robotics developments. It is a powerful educational resource for students, engineers, and managers, written by a leading team of robotics experts." - Yukio Hasegawa, Professor Emeritus, Waseda University, Japan. "The Second Edition of the Handbook of Industrial Robotics organizes and systematizes the current expertise of industrial robotics and its forthcoming capabilities. These efforts are critical to solve the underlying problems of industry. This continuation is a source of power. I believe this Handbook will stimulate those who are concerned with industrial robots, and motivate them to be great contributors to the progress of industrial robotics." -Hiroshi Okuda, President, Toyota Motor Corporation. "This Handbook describes very well the available and emerging robotics capabilities. It is a most comprehensive guide, including valuable information for both the providers and consumers of creative robotics applications." -Donald A. Vincent, Executive Vice President, Robotic Industries Association 120 leading experts from twelve countries have participated in creating this Second Edition of the Handbook of Industrial Robotics. Of its 66 chapters, 33 are new, covering important new topics in the theory, design, control, and applications of robotics. Other key features include a larger glossary of robotics terminology with over 800 terms and a CD-ROM that vividly conveys the colorful motions and intelligence of robotics. With contributions from the most prominent names in robotics worldwide, the Handbook remains the essential resource on all aspects of this complex subject.