Ethnohistory and Archaeology

Author: J. Daniel Rogers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306441769
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Incorporating both archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence, this volume reexamines the role played by native peoples in structuring interaction with Europeans. The more complete historical picture presented will be of interest to scholars and students of archaeology, anthropology, and history.

Ancient Tiwanaku

Author: John Wayne Janusek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521816359
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Tiwanaku civilization, centred on Lake Titicaca, was of pre-eminent importance in the Andean region, from approximately 500-1100, yet has attracted considerably less attention, both popular and scholarly, than the Incas who came to replace them. Archaeology has only started to focus on the Tiwanaku in a major way in the last twenty or so years; this excellent study surveys and synthesises that research. It looks at the relationship between humans and landscape in the High Andes, examines the emergence of Tinawaku as a socially complex and highly diverse civilization, includes a detailed investigation of the archaeology of the city of Tinawaku, traces the relationship between Tinawaku and neighbouring civilizations, particularly the Wari, and finally charts the collapse of the empire. Challenging yet accessible to the non-specialist, there are plenty of thought provoking conclusions with wider applications for the study of high altitude cultures.

La Conquistadora

Author: Amy G. Remensnyder
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199893004
Format: PDF, Mobi
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La Conquistadora explores Mary's prominence on and off the battlefield in the culturally and ethnically diverse world of medieval Iberia, where Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived side by side, and in colonial Mexico, where Spaniards and indigenous peoples mingled.

Rethinking Colonial Pasts Through Archaeology

Author: Neal Ferris
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199696691
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Rethinking Colonial Pasts Through Archaeology explores the archaeologies of daily living left by the indigenous and other displaced peoples impacted by European colonial expansion over the last 600 years. It presents alternative understandings of the rise of European colonization in its shaping of global histories from the last half millennium through archaeological findings, while revising conceptual frameworks for archaeology itself.

Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance

Author: Shannon Sullivan
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791480038
Format: PDF, ePub
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Offering a wide variety of philosophical approaches to the neglected philosophical problem of ignorance, this groundbreaking collection builds on Charles Mills's claim that racism involves an inverted epistemology, an epistemology of ignorance. Contributors, explore how different forms of ignorance linked to race are produced and sustained and what role they play in promoting racism and white privilege. They argue that the ignorance that underpins racism is not a simple gap in knowledge, the accidental result of an epistemological oversight. In the case of racial oppression, ignorance often is actively produced for purposes of domination and exploitation. But as these essays demonstrate, ignorance is not simply a tool of oppression wielded by the powerful. It can also be a strategy for survival, an important tool for people of color to wield against white privilege and white supremacy. The book concludes that understanding ignorance and the politics of such ignorance should be a key element of epistemological and social/political analyses, for it has the potential to reveal the role of power in the construction of what is known and provide a lens for the political values at work in knowledge practices. Book jacket.

Mixed Member Electoral Systems

Author: Matthew Shugart
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191528978
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Mixed-member electoral systems may well be the electoral reform of the 21st century, much as proportional representation (PR) was in the 20th century. In the view of many electoral reformers, mixed-member systems offer the best of both the traditional British single-seat district system and PR systems. This book seeks to evaluate: why mixed-member systems have recently appealed to many countries with diverse electoral histories; and how well expectations for these systems have been met. Each major country, which has adopted a mixed system thus, has two chapters in this book, one on origins and one on consequences. These countries are Germany, New Zealand, Italy, Israel, Japan, Venezuela, Bolivia, Mexico, Hungary, and Russia. In addition, there are also chapters on the prospects for a mixed-member system being adopted in Britain and Canada, respectively. The material presented suggests that mixed-member systems have been largely successful thus far. They appear to be more likely than most other electoral systems to generate two-bloc party systems, without in the process reducing minor parties to insignificance. In addition, they are more likely than any other class of electoral system to simultaneously generate local accountability as well as a nationally-oriented party system. Mixed-member electoral systems have now joined majoritarian and proportional systems as basic options which must be considered whenever electoral systems are designed or redesigned. Such a development represents a fundamental change in thinking about electoral systems around the world.

The Spectacular City Mexico and Colonial Hispanic Literary Culture

Author: Stephanie Merrim
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292749880
Format: PDF
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The Spectacular City, Mexico, and Colonial Hispanic Literary Culture tracks the three spectacular forces of New World literary culture—cities, festivals, and wonder—from the sixteenth to the seventeenth century, from the Old World to the New, and from Mexico to Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia. It treats a multitude of imperialist and anti-imperialist texts in depth, including poetry, drama, protofiction, historiography, and journalism. While several of the landmark authors studied, including Hernán Cortés and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, are familiar, others have received remarkably little critical attention. Similarly, in spotlighting creole writers, Merrim reveals an intertextual tradition in Mexico that spans two centuries. Because the spectacular city reaches its peak in the seventeenth century, Merrim's book also theorizes and details the spirited work of the New World Baroque. The result is the rich examination of a trajectory that leads from the Renaissance ordered city to the energetic revolts of the spectacular city and the New World Baroque.

Classic Maya Political History

Author: T. Patrick Culbert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521564458
Format: PDF
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This volume is the first to present in detail the results of recent decipherment of Maya hieroglyphic writing and to consider the implications of a Classic Maya written history. Contributors examine the way in which the Maya elite created the kinship, alliance, warfare and ceremonial networks on which the civilization was founded.

Artefacts of History

Author: Sudeshna Guha
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 9351505162
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book encourages us to critically regard the ways in which ideologies of cultural heritage and civilisational legacies are transformed into tangible and visible things through archaeological scholarship. Through little-known histories of the practices, governance and scholarship of the archaeology of India, this book re-examines the manner in which the past is recalled and historicized. It guides us to think afresh of the histories of antiquarianism in South Asia, explore the impetus of collecting and curatorial practices within the scholarship of pre-colonial India, and investigate the diverse linkages within the histories of Indian archaeology. It encourages a focus upon issues of historiography, methodology and notions of evidence and looks in to the responsibilities and changing needs of the academic scholarship of archaeology.