Statistical Turbulence Modelling for Fluid Dynamics Demystified

Author: Michael Leschziner
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783266635
Format: PDF
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This book is intended for self-study or as a companion of lectures delivered to post-graduate students on the subject of the computational prediction of complex turbulent flows. There are several books in the extensive literature on turbulence that deal, in statistical terms, with the phenomenon itself, as well its many manifestations in the context of fluid dynamics. Statistical Turbulence Modelling for Fluid Dynamics — Demystified differs from these and focuses on the physical interpretation of a broad range of mathematical models used to represent the time-averaged effects of turbulence in computational prediction schemes for fluid flow and related transport processes in engineering and the natural environment. It dispenses with complex mathematical manipulations and instead gives physical and phenomenological explanations. This approach allows students to gain a 'feel' for the physical fabric represented by the mathematical structure that describes the effects of turbulence and the models embedded in most of the software currently used in practical fluid-flow predictions, thus counteracting the ill-informed black-box approach to turbulence modelling. This is done by taking readers through the physical arguments underpinning exact concepts, the rationale of approximations of processes that cannot be retained in their exact form, and essential calibration steps to which the resulting models are subjected by reference to theoretically established behaviour of, and experimental data for, key canonical flows. Contents: Statistical Viewpoint of Turbulence — Motivation and RationaleWhat Makes Turbulence Tick?Reynolds-AveragingFundamentals of Stress / Strain InteractionFundamentals of Near-Wall InteractionsFundamentals of Scalar-Flux / Scalar-Gradient InteractionsThe Eddy ViscosityOne-Equation Eddy-Viscosity ModelsTwo-Equation ModelsWall Functions For Linear Eddy-Viscosity ModelsDefects of Linear Eddy-Viscosity Models, Their Sources and (Imperfect) Corrections Reynolds-Stress-Transport ModellingScalar/Heat-Flux-Ttransport ModellingThe ¯υ2 — ƒ ModelAlgebraic Reynolds-Stress and Non-Linear Eddy-Viscosity Models Readership: Researchers and post-graduate students in the field of fluid dynamics. Key Features:Emphasis on physical and phenomenological interpretationBroad range of models coveredStrong emphasis on understanding the concepts and the rationale behind assumptionsAvoidance of mathematical complexity that does not serve the objective of conveying understanding and insightKeywords:Turbulence Modeling;Rans;Computational Fluid Dynamics;Single Point Closure

Organizational Culture and Leadership

Author: Edgar H. Schein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047064057X
Format: PDF
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Regarded as one of the most influential management books of all time, this fourth edition of Leadership and Organizational Culture transforms the abstract concept of culture into a tool that can be used to better shape the dynamics of organization and change. This updated edition focuses on today's business realities. Edgar Schein draws on a wide range of contemporary research to redefine culture and demonstrate the crucial role leaders play in successfully applying the principles of culture to achieve their organizational goals.

Nested Ecology

Author: Edward T. Wimberley
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801892899
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nested Ecology provides a pragmatic and functional approach to realizing a sustainable environmental ethic. Edward T. Wimberley asserts that a practical ecological ethic must focus on human decision making within the context of larger social and environmental systems. Think of a set of mixing bowls, in which smaller bowls sit within larger ones. Wimberley sees the world in much the same way, with personal ecologies embedded in social ecologies that in turn are nested within natural ecologies. Wimberley urges a complete reconceptualization of the human place in the ecological hierarchy. Going beyond the physical realms in which people live and interact, he extends the concept of ecology to spirituality and the "ecology of the unknown." In doing so, Wimberley defines a new environmental philosophy and a new ecological ethic.

Advanced Topics in Intelligent Information and Database Systems

Author: Dariusz Król
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319566601
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents recent research in intelligent information and database systems. The carefully selected contributions were initially accepted for presentation as posters at the 9th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems (ACIIDS 2017) held from to 5 April 2017 in Kanazawa, Japan. While the contributions are of an advanced scientific level, several are accessible for non-expert readers. The book brings together 47 chapters divided into six main parts: • Part I. From Machine Learning to Data Mining.• Part II. Big Data and Collaborative Decision Support Systems,• Part III. Computer Vision Analysis, Detection, Tracking and Recognition,• Part IV. Data-Intensive Text Processing,• Part V. Innovations in Web and Internet Technologies, and• Part VI. New Methods and Applications in Information and Software Engineering. The book is an excellent resource for researchers and those working in algorithmics, artificial and computational intelligence, collaborative systems, decision management and support systems, natural language processing, image and text processing, Internet technologies, and information and software engineering, as well as for students interested in such research areas.

Transition and Turbulence Control

Author: Mohamed Gad-el-Hak
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812564705
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume contains articles based on lectures given at the Workshop on Transition and Turbulence Control, hosted by the Institute for Mathematical Sciences, National University of Singapore, 8-10 December 2004. The lecturers included 13 of the world's foremost experts in the control of transitioning and turbulent flows. The chapters cover a wide range of subjects in the broad area of flow control, and will be useful to researchers working in this area in academia, government laboratories and industry. The coverage includes control theory, passive, active and reactive methods for controlling transitional and turbulent wall-bounded flows, noise suppression and mixing enhancement of supersonic turbulent jets, compliant coatings, modern flow diagnostic systems, and swept wing instabilities.

Uncertainty Quantification

Author: Ralph C. Smith
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 1611973228
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The field of uncertainty quantification is evolving rapidly because of increasing emphasis on models that require quantified uncertainties for large-scale applications, novel algorithm development, and new computational architectures that facilitate implementation of these algorithms. Uncertainty Quantification: Theory, Implementation, and Applications provides readers with the basic concepts, theory, and algorithms necessary to quantify input and response uncertainties for simulation models arising in a broad range of disciplines. The book begins with a detailed discussion of applications where uncertainty quantification is critical for both scientific understanding and policy. It then covers concepts from probability and statistics, parameter selection techniques, frequentist and Bayesian model calibration, propagation of uncertainties, quantification of model discrepancy, surrogate model construction, and local and global sensitivity analysis. The author maintains a complementary web page where readers can find data used in the exercises and other supplementary material.