Predicting Outcomes in United States Japan Trade Negotiations

Author: Norio Naka
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781567200058
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Four multidimensionally-layered conceptual models systematically describe and explain the political process of the SII, its initiation and agreements, testing propositions for different degrees of Japanese concessions.

America s Trade Policy Towards Japan

Author: John Kunkel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134427956
Format: PDF
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In a few years, the United States has gone from worrying about Japan's economic might to worrying about its meltdown. The rise and fall of America's 'results-oriented' trade policy towards Japan captures this turnaround. John Kunkel traces this Japan policy to a crisis in the institutions, laws and norms of the US trade policy regime in the first half of the 1980s. This arose from the erosion of America's post-war international economic dominance (especially vis-à-vis Japan) and the unintended consequences of Reaganomics. The crisis in turn led to the progressive ascendancy of a coalition of 'hardliners' over 'free traders' after 1985. Kunkel combines research in economics, politics and history - including interviews with key policy-makers - to illuminate this important case study of American trade policy. His book offers theoretical insights and practical lessons on the forces shaping US trade policy at the start of the twenty-first century.

Bargaining with Japan

Author: Leonard James Schoppa
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231105910
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Bargaining with Japan is a detailed critical examination of the outcome of recent U.S.-Japan trade talks, focusing on the Bush administration's Structural Impediments Initiative and the more recent Clinton Framework talks. Leonard J. Schoppa provides a comprehensive account of the political climate on both sides of the Pacific which necessitated the talks and brought about their decidedly uneven results, drawing lessons from this record about which tactics are most likely to work best for the U.S. He shows that while the Bush administration was somewhat successful in inducing Japan to liberalize regulations restricting the expansion of large retail stores, and to expand public investment, neither administration was able to compel Japan to end anti-competitive practices that inhibit the access of U.S. firms to Japanese consumers. Schoppa explains why foreign pressure (gaiatsu) worked in some cases but not others by explicating the "two-level game" involved in the bargaining process: for a deal to be successful, it must please not only those on the international level, but also those on the domestic front. Slight differences in either political climate can alter the impact of foreign pressure dramatically. Schoppa documents how U.S. pressure has been misapplied in the past, insisting on the need for a strategy more informed about internal Japanese politics. While a strategy reliant on brute force is liable to backfire, he argues, one which works with domestic politics in Japan can succeed. An invaluable reference guide for political scientists, economists, negotiators, or anyone looking to understand the United States' complex economic relationship with Japan, Bargaining with Japan is also an important contribution to the current literature on international bargaining.

The Journal of Japanese Studies

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A multidisciplinary forrum for communicating new information, new interpretations, and recent research results concerning Japan to the English-reading world.