Pathophysiology of Headaches

Author: Messoud Ashina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319156217
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a detailed overview of the current state of knowledge regarding the pathophysiology of both primary headaches – migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and cluster headache – and the very important and frequent type of secondary headache, medication overuse headache (MOH). After an introductory chapter describing relevant neuroanatomy and vascular anatomy, the evidence gained from animal models regarding the pathophysiology of migraine and the other primary headaches is reviewed. Knowledge of the genetic component in the different types of headache is then examined with reference to recent evidence, for example regarding the implication of the trigeminovascular system and cortical spreading depression in migraine. Detailed information is provided on insights into primary headaches from imaging studies, including functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography and on their neurophysiology and biochemistry. A further series of important chapters describe present knowledge of the pathophysiology of each specific type of headache and consider future directions. Written by acknowledged experts in their fields from Europe and the United States, clinicians and students will find Pathophysiology of Headaches to be an excellent source of up-to-date information on why patients experience headaches. In addition, it will be of value for pain researchers investigating the underlying mechanisms of headache.

Headache and Migraine Biology and Management

Author: Seymour Diamond
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128011629
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There are two crucial issues in the treatment and management of headache patients: More than 50% of individuals experiencing headache have only been treated symptomatically, with no appropriate diagnosis established; and history and neurologic examination are essential to establishing a diagnosis, and thus selecting appropriate therapy. Headache and Migraine Biology and Management is a practical text that addresses these issues, featuring contributions from expert clinical authors. The book covers in detail topics including chronic and episodic migraine, post-traumatic headache, sinus headache, cluster headache, tension headache, and others. Chapters are also dedicated to treatment subjects, including psychiatric and psychological approaches, medication overuse, inpatient treatment, and pediatric issues. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and clinicians, uniting practical discussion of headache biology, current ideas on etiology, future research, and genetic significance and breakthroughs. This resource is useful to those who want to understand headache biology, treat and manage symptoms, and for those performing research in the headache field. A practical discussion of headache biology, current ideas on etiology, future research, and genetic significance and breakthroughs Features chapters from leading physicians and researchers in headache medicine Full-color text that includes both an overview of multiple disciplines and discusses the measures that can be used to treat headaches

TEXTBOOK OF BIOCHEMISTRY BIOTECHNOLOGY ALLIED AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE

Author: TALWAR, G.P.
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120351258
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Fourth Edition of the compendium pools together the knowledge and experience of experts from all over the world, who are engaged in teaching and research in the field of biochemistry, medical sciences and allied disciplines. Comprising 20 sections, the present edition of the book has been substantially revised incorporating the latest research and achievements in the field. Beginning appropriately with chemical architecture of the living systems, role and significance of biochemical reactions, organization of specialised tissues, and importance of food and nutrition, the book explores beyond traditional boundaries of biochemistry. The knowledge of various organ systems has been expanded covering their normal function, ailments and dysfunction. A chapter on Eye and Vision explaining molecular basis of cataract and glaucoma have been added. Also, the book introduces stem cells and regenerative therapy and defines molecules associated with pleasure, happiness, stress and anxiety. A Section on Gastrointestinal and Biliary System elaborates on physiology and dysfunction including fatty liver and its implications, and hepatitis viruses. The knowledge of Human Genetics and Biochemical Basis of Inheritance has been appropriately expanded to reflect the latest advances in various domains. Besides DNA fingerprinting for identity establishment, the Section discusses epigenetics, micro-RNA and siRNA including their role in gene expression, chromatin modification and its association with human diseases, and genetic engineering. It also explores emerging areas such as metabolomics and proteomics; synthetic biology; and dual use technology in bioterrorism. Due emphasis has been given to the Section on Cell Replication and Cancer. Emergence of the use of probiotics in human health has also been highlighted. Besides, an entire Section has been devoted to male and female reproductive systems, fertilization, implantation, pregnancy, lactation, and assisted reproductive technology. Immunology, including vaccines and immunization, has been given due attention with latest updates in this fast growing area. Modern medicine, despite its stupendous advances cannot provide cure for all ailments. Thus, the new edition provides knowledge of alternative medicine systems—Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani, Yoga and Herbal Medicine. Incorporating vast information on the latest and emerging areas, the book will be of immense value to the students of medical sciences not only in their preclinical years, but also in all phases of medical course including postgraduate education and practice. Besides, it will also serve as a valuable source to the students of biochemistry and human bi

Tension Type and Cervicogenic Headache Pathophysiology Diagnosis and Management

Author: Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Dmsc, PhD
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449617654
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is the first book for the new Series Contemporary Issues in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Medicine. This textbook will assess both clinical and research aspects of the diagnosis and management of two highly prevalent headache disorders: tension-type and cervicogenic headaches. This textbook will cover both physical therapy and physical medicine approaches to the management of these headache disorders.

Migraine and Headache Pathophysiology

Author: Lars Edvinsson
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781853177378
Format: PDF, ePub
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Migraine Pathophysiology provides an overview of current and accepted methodologies for the experimental study of migraine of primary headache syndromes in the laboratory in animals and man. It gives the reader a view of the current status and direct basic scientists and the pharmaceutical industry in choosing experimental situations for developing new therapies.

Molecular Basis of Neurological Disorders and Their Treatment

Author: J.W. Gorrod
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401131147
Format: PDF, Docs
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cytochemical techniques (ICC) which provide a useful adjunct to investigations by immunoblotting. A particular advantage of a cytochemical approach to the investiga tion of mitochondrial disorders is that it allows the mosaic distribution of certain of these defects to be detected, whereas the tissue homogeniza tion involved in conventional enzyme assays or immunoblotting precludes this. A further advantage of MEA or ICC is that only small amounts of tissue are needed, which is important since many of the affected patients are infants or small children. The main aim of this communica tion is to outline ways in which these techniques can be used in the diagnosis and further investigation of mitochondrial disorders. Reference will be made not only to those situations in which MEA and ICC offer advantages over standard enzyme asays and immunoblotting but also to contexts in which the reverse applies. 4. 2 MATERIALS AND METHODS Muscle biopsies for cytochemical investigation were snap-frozen using isopentane cooled to - 150°C in liquid nitrogen. Samples were stored in heat-sealed polythene packets in the vapour phase of liquid nitrogen containers. 4. 2. 1 Microphotometric enzyme assays Frozen sections 8 Jlm thick were cut using a Reichert-J ung Frigocut cryostat microtome equipped with motor-driven cutting action to maintain maximal reproducibility of section thickness. Sections were picked up on microscope slides and air-dried for 15 min at room temperature.

Headache and Facial Pain

Author: Franco Mongini
Publisher: Thieme
ISBN: 9780865778528
Format: PDF, ePub
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Divided into four parts, the classification criteria as well as etiologic factors and pathogenic mechanisms of headache and different types of facial pain are examined in the first part of the book. The second part deals with general problems concerning diagnosis and choice of treatment. The last two parts analyze the individual pathologies at the root of headache (part three) and facial pain (part four): A wide variety of classic and difficult clinical cases are presented. The book can therefore be regarded as a study and consultation manual for neurologists, headache specialists, algologists, anaesthetists, dentists, internists, general practitioners, and all those interested in the problem of headache and facial pain.

Serotonin Molecular Biology Receptors and Functional Effects

Author: FOZARD
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034872593
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Second IUPHAR Satellite Meeting on Serotonin was held under the auspices of the Serotonin Club in Basel, Switzerland in July 1990. The scope was wide, ranging from molecular biology through in vitro and in vivo pharmacology to new drug tools and their clinical signifi cance. There were three invited review lectures, by J. M. Palacios, D. I. Wallis and A. Kaumann, and S. Peroutka gave the first Serotonin Club Irvine H. Page Lecture. The rest of the oral programme was put together by the Scientific Organizing Committee based on volunteered research contributions. The invited review lecturers, the platform speak ers and selected poster contributors were invited to write up their contributions for inclusion in this volume. Most complied and this book is the result of their efforts. When instructing the authors prior to the meeting, we emphasized that selected new data should be put in the context of the literature findings. In this way we hoped to achieve topicality yet preserve the review perspective which facilitates its appreciation by the non-special ist. It was truly a pleasure to read the interesting papers which resulted and to prepare them for publication. We believe they convey to a remarkable degree the spirit of what was generally felt to be a highly stimulating exchange of information on matters serotonergic which took place in Basel last July.

Molecules Of Emotion

Author: Candace Pert
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1471109704
Format: PDF, ePub
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Why do we feel the way we feel? How do our thoughts and emotions affect our health? Are our bodies and minds distinct from each other or do they function together as part of an interconnected system? In MOLECULES OF EMOTION, neuroscientist Candace Pert provides startling and decisive answers to these long-debated questions, establishing the biomolecular basis for our emotions and explaining these new scientific developments in a clear and accessible way. Her pioneering research on how the chemicals inside us form a dynamic information network, linking mind and body, is not only provocative, it is revolutionary. In her groundbreaking book, Candace Pert offers a new scientific understanding of the power of our minds and our feelings to affect our health and well-being.

Neurological Disorders

Author: Thomas Brandt
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780121258313
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This single-volume reference covers the natural course, treatment, and management of all neurological diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord nerves and muscles. This comprehensive text reference seeks to assist physicians with treatment by providing an easy-to-use compendium covering the treatment and management of all neurological diseases along with details on the natural course of these diseases. Organized for ease of use and quick reference, each chapter presents a neurological disorder or key symptoms and systematically discusses the clinical syndrome and differential diagnosis, natural course, principles of therapy, and practical management of each. Key Features * Covers wide range of neurological conditions and potential treatments, including the evidence for and against each treatment * Describes the spontaneous course of neurological diseases along with discussion of the management of different stages and variants of a disorder * Presents special situations and exceptional cases in which alternative therapies should be considered