Reviews of Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity

Author: Heinz Georg Schuster
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527630974
Format: PDF, ePub
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Written in a style that breaks the barriers between the disciplines, this monograph enables researchers from life science, physics, engineering, or chemistry to access the most recent results in a common language. The resulting review character of this project sets it apart from specialized journals, and allows each volume to respond quickly to new developments. This third volume contains new topics ranging from chaotic computing, via random dice tossing and stochastic limit-cycle oscillators, to a number theoretic example of self-organized criticality, wave localization in complex networks and anomalous diffusion. A first-class board of international scientists advises the editor, such that the carefully selected and invited contributions represent the latest and most relevant findings.

Nonlinear Dynamics in Complex Systems

Author: Armin Fuchs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642335527
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With many areas of science reaching across their boundaries and becoming more and more interdisciplinary, students and researchers in these fields are confronted with techniques and tools not covered by their particular education. Especially in the life- and neurosciences quantitative models based on nonlinear dynamics and complex systems are becoming as frequently implemented as traditional statistical analysis. Unfamiliarity with the terminology and rigorous mathematics may discourage many scientists to adopt these methods for their own work, even though such reluctance in most cases is not justified. This book bridges this gap by introducing the procedures and methods used for analyzing nonlinear dynamical systems. In Part I, the concepts of fixed points, phase space, stability and transitions, among others, are discussed in great detail and implemented on the basis of example elementary systems. Part II is devoted to specific, non-trivial applications: coordination of human limb movement (Haken-Kelso-Bunz model), self-organization and pattern formation in complex systems (Synergetics), and models of dynamical properties of neurons (Hodgkin-Huxley, Fitzhugh-Nagumo and Hindmarsh-Rose). Part III may serve as a refresher and companion of some mathematical basics that have been forgotten or were not covered in basic math courses. Finally, the appendix contains an explicit derivation and basic numerical methods together with some programming examples as well as solutions to the exercises provided at the end of certain chapters. Throughout this book all derivations are as detailed and explicit as possible, and everybody with some knowledge of calculus should be able to extract meaningful guidance follow and apply the methods of nonlinear dynamics to their own work. “This book is a masterful treatment, one might even say a gift, to the interdisciplinary scientist of the future.” “With the authoritative voice of a genuine practitioner, Fuchs is a master teacher of how to handle complex dynamical systems.” “What I find beautiful in this book is its clarity, the clear definition of terms, every step explained simply and systematically.” (J.A.Scott Kelso, excerpts from the foreword)

Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity

Author: Valentin Afraimovich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319023535
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This important collection presents recent advances in nonlinear dynamics including analytical solutions, chaos in Hamiltonian systems, time-delay, uncertainty, and bio-network dynamics. Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity equips readers to appreciate this increasingly main-stream approach to understanding complex phenomena in nonlinear systems as they are examined in a broad array of disciplines. The book facilitates a better understanding of the mechanisms and phenomena in nonlinear dynamics and develops the corresponding mathematical theory to apply nonlinear design to practical engineering.

Chaos and Complexity Theory for Management Nonlinear Dynamics

Author: Banerjee, Santo
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466625104
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although chaos theory refers to the existence between seemingly random events, it has been gaining the attention of science, technology and managements fields. The shift from traditional procedures to the dynamics of chaos and complexity theory has resulted in a new element of complexity thinking, allowing for a greater capability for analyzing and understanding key business processes. Chaos and Complexity Theory for Management: Nonlinear Dynamics explores chaos and complexity theory and its relationship with the understanding of natural chaos in the business environment. Utilizing these theories aids in comprehending the development of businesses as a complex adaptive system.

Instabilities Chaos and Turbulence

Author: Paul Manneville
Publisher: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 9781860944918
Format: PDF
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This book is an introduction to the application of nonlinear dynamics to problems of stability, chaos and turbulence arising in continuous media and their connection to dynamical systems. With an emphasis on the understanding of basic concepts, it should be of interest to nearly any science-oriented undergraduate and potentially to anyone who wants to learn about recent advances in the field of applied nonlinear dynamics. Technicalities are, however, not completely avoided. They are instead explained as simply as possible using heuristic arguments and specific worked examples.

Dynamics Of Complex Systems

Author: Yaneer Bar-yam
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 9780813341217
Format: PDF
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The study of complex systems in a unified framework has become recognized in recent years as a new scientific discipline, the ultimate in the interdisciplinary fields. Breaking down the barriers between physics, chemistry, and biology and the so-called soft sciences of psychology, sociology, economics and anthropology, this text explores the universal physical and mathematical principles that govern the emergence of complex systems from simple components. Dynamics of Complex Systems is the first text describing the modern unified study of complex systems. It is designed for upper-undergraduate/beginning graduate level students, and covers a broad range of applications in a broad array of disciplines. A central goal of this text is to develop models and modeling techniques that are useful when applied to all complex systems. This is done by adopting both analytic tools, including statistical mechanics and stochastic dynamics, and computer simulation techniques, such as cellular automata and Monte Carlo. In four sets of paired, self-contained chapters, Yaneer Bar-Yam discusses complex systems in the context of neural networks, protein folding, living organisms, and finally, human civilization itself. He explores fundamental questions about the structure, dynamics, evolution, development and quantitative complexity that apply to all complex systems. In the first chapter, mathematical foundations such as iterative maps and chaos, probability theory and random walks, thermodynamics, information and computation theory, fractals and scaling, are reviewed to enable the text to be read by students and researchers with a variety of backgrounds.

Philosophy of Complex Systems

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080931227
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included

Foundations of Complex Systems

Author: G. Nicolis
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812700439
Format: PDF, Docs
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Complexity is emerging as a post-Newtonian paradigm for approaching a large body of phenomena of concern at the crossroads of physical, engineering, environmental, life and human sciences from a unifying point of view. This book outlines the foundations of modern complexity research as it arose from the cross-fertilization of ideas and tools from nonlinear science, statistical physics and numerical simulation. It is shown how these developments lead to an understanding, both qualitative and quantitative, of the complex systems encountered in nature and in everyday experience and, conversely, how natural complexity acts as a source of inspiration for progress at the fundamental level.

Newtonian Nonlinear Dynamics for Complex Linear and Optimization Problems

Author: Luis Vázquez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461459125
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Newtonian Nonlinear Dynamics for Complex Linear and Optimization Problems explores how Newton's equation for the motion of one particle in classical mechanics combined with finite difference methods allows creation of a mechanical scenario to solve basic problems in linear algebra and programming. The authors present a novel, unified numerical and mechanical approach and an important analysis method of optimization.

Nonlinear Dynamics Complexity and Public Policy

Author: Euel W. Elliott
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Introduces those with an interest in the policy sciences to the field of non-linear dynamics and complex systems, and their applications to problems of public policy. Four of the nine contributions concentrate on the implications of nonlinear dynamics and complexity for understanding the evolution of economic systems or instruments of economic policymaking. Three papers explore a set of non-economic related policy areas involving dynamics at a reduced level of aggregations from macroeconomic phenomena. The final contributions consider information technology and the challenge of time.