Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123743961
Format: PDF, ePub
Download and Read
From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

Progress in Filtration and Separation

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012398307X
Format: PDF
Download and Read
Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials

Author: Tapan Chatterji
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080457055
Format: PDF, Docs
Download and Read
Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials is a comprehensive account of the present state of the art in the use of the neutron scattering for the study of magnetic materials. The chapters have been written by well-known researchers who are at the forefront of this field and have contributed directly to the development of the techniques described. Neutron scattering probes magnetic phenomena directly. The generalized magnetic susceptibility, which can be expressed as a function of wave vector and energy, contains all the information there is to know about the statics and dynamics of a magnetic system and this quantity is directly related to the neutron scattering cross section. Polarized neutron scattering techniques raise the sophistication of measurements to even greater levels and gives additional information in many cases. The present book is largely devoted to the application of polarized neutron scattering to the study of magnetic materials. It will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers who plan to investigate magnetic materials using neutron scattering. · Written by a group of scientist who have contributed directly in developing the techniques described. · A complete treatment of the polarized neutron scattering not available in literature. · Gives practical hits to solve magnetic structure and determine exchange interactions in magnetic solids. · Application of neutron scattering to the study of the novel electronic materials.

Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Second Edition

Author: David C. Jiles
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780412798603
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download and Read
Few subjects in science are more difficult to understand than magnetism, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. However, there is a strong demand today for scientists and engineers with skills in magnetism because of the growing number of technological applications utilizing this phenomenon. This textbook responds to the need for a comprehensive introduction of the basic concepts of the science. Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials has been thoroughly revised since the first edition to include recent developments in the field. The early chapters comprise a discussion of the fundamentals of magnetism. These chapters include more than 60 sample problems with complete solutions to reinforce learning. The later chapters review the most significant recent developments in four important areas of magnetism: hard and soft magnetic materials, magnetic recording, and magnetic evaluation of materials. These later chapters also provide a survey of the most important areas of magnetic materials for practical applications. Extensive references to the principal publications in magnetism are listed at the end of each chapter, which offer the reader rapid access to more specialized literature. Students in various scientific areas will benefit from this book, including those in physics, materials science, metallurgy, and electrical engineering.

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Author: Donald O. Thompson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461318939
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download and Read
This volume (Parts A and B) contains the edited papers presented at the annual Review of Progress in Quan?itative Nondestructive Evalua tion held at the University of California (San Diego) in LaJo11a, August 3-8, 1986. The Review was organized and sponsored by the Center for NDE at Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory, in cooperation with the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, USDOE, and the Materia1s Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Approximately 400 attendees, a new record, representing various government agencies, industry, and universities participated in the technical presentations, poster sessions, and discussions. This Review, with its wide-ranging interchange of technical information, stands as one of the most compre hensive in the field of NDE research and engineering. In order to present the reader with a more usefu1 document, we have organized the symposium papers in these Proceedings by subject rather than by the order of presentation at the Review. Topical subject headings have been selected under which the 1arge majority of papers wou1d reasonably falI. Here, again, we have revised the format used in former years to accommodate an evolving focus of interest in the field. These categories cover a broad spectrum of research in NDE and encompass activities from fundamental work to early engineering applications. In the following paragraphs we offer a brief summary of the research presented in these Proceedings.

Magnetic Nanostructured Materials

Author: Ahmed A. El Gendy
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780128139042
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download and Read
Magnetic Nanostructured Materials: From Lab to Fab presents a complete overview of the translation of nanostructured materials into realistic applications, drawing on the most recent research in the field to discuss the fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization of nanomagnetics. A wide spectrum of nanomagnetic applications is included, covering industrial, environmental, and biomedical fields, and using chemical, physical and biological methods. Materials such as Fe, Co, CoxC, MnGa, GdSi, ferrite nanoparticles and thin films are highlighted, and their potential applications are discussed, such as magnetic refrigeration, energy harvesting, magnetic sensors, hyperthermia, MRI, drug delivery, permanent magnets, and data storage devices. The book also discusses the required characterization techniques for investigation of the physical and chemical properties of common magnetic nanoparticles. It illustrates the advantages and disadvantages of various synthetic strategies for production, and gives a realistic description of potential difficulties in transferring applications from the laboratory to the fabrication stage. Offering interdisciplinary knowledge on the materials science of nanostructured materials and magnetics, this book will be of interest to researchers in materials science, engineering, physics, and chemistry with interest in magnetic nanomaterials, as well as postgraduate students, and professionals in industry and government. Provides interdisciplinary knowledge on the materials science of nanostructured materials and magnetics Aids understanding of the complex fundamentals and synthesis methods for magnetic nanomaterials, with examples of real applications Shows how laboratory work on magnetic nanoparticles connects to industrial implementation and applications

Magnetism and Magnetic Materials

Author: R L White
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483269116
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download and Read
Magnetism and Magnetic Materials: 1965 Digest: A Survey of the Technical Literature of the Preceding Year focuses on the processes, methodologies, reactions, technologies, and advancements in magnetism and magnetic materials. The selection first offers information on general theoretical problems, including spin-wave dispersion, exchange integral, magnetic ordering, soluble models, magnetic phase transitions, and conduction electron spin polarization. The text then ponders on neutron diffraction, spin configurations, and magnetic transitions and properties of transition metals and their alloys. Topics include neutron scattering theory and equipment; spin configurations and magnetic transitions; magnetic behavior; rare earth alloys and compounds; and other alloys and compounds. The publication takes a look at the properties of magnetically dilute alloys and rare earth metals and their alloys. Discussions focus on rare earth intermetallic compounds, transition metals in noble metals, and other dilute alloys. The text then examines the technical properties of soft magnetic materials, magnetically hard materials, thin films, and nuclear magnetism. The selection is a valuable source of data for readers interested in magnetism and magnetic materials.

Electrical and Magnetic Methods of Non destructive Testing

Author: J. Blitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412791505
Format: PDF, Docs
Download and Read
This book is intended to help satisfy an urgent requirement for up-to date comprehensive texts at graduate and senior undergraduate levels on the subjects in non-destructive testing (NDT). The subject matter here is confined to electrical and magnetic methods, with emphasis on the widely used eddy current and magnetic flux leakage methods (including particle inspection), but proper attention is paid to other techniques, such as microwave and AC field applications, which are rapidly growing in importance. Theoretical analyses relating to the various methods are discussed and the depths of presentation are often governed by whether or not the information is readily available elsewhere. Thus, for example, a considerable amount of space is devoted to eddy current theory at what the author considers to be a reasonable standard and not, as usually experienced, in either a too elementary manner or at a level appreciated only by a postgraduate theoretical physicist. The inclusion of the introductory chapter is intended to acquaint the reader with some of the philosophy of NDT and to compare, briefly, the relative performances of the more important methods of testing.