Industrial Subsidies and Friction in World Trade

Author: Rambod Behboodi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113483408X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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National industrial subsidies are a major irritant in international trading relations. There have been many attempts to curb the damaging effects of subsidies on the international trading order; most have met with stiff oppostion and mixed success. Today the combination of industrial subsidies and the countervailing duties intended to combat them present one of the major threats to the international trading order. Industrial Subsidies and Trade Friction is a comparative analysis of the instruments devised to regulate industrial subsidies and lessen the effects of countervailing duties.

The Regulation of Subsidies Within the General Agreement on Trade in Services of the WTO

Author: Pietro Poretti
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041131620
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides a comprehensive analysis of services subsidies under the General Agreement on Trade in Services. It starts with a description of services and trade in services and of the salient characteristics that make regulation of services subsidies more complex than in the case of agricultural and industrial goods subsidies. It then analyzes the economic arguments underpinning the need for regulation, as well as the need for governments to retain sufficient latitude to implement non-trade related policy measures. A description of the data on services subsidies available to date is followed by a classification of services subsidies according to their distortive effects and by a detailed analysis of those elements that may form a definition of services subsidies for the purpose of a future regulatory framework. A key section is devoted to the analysis of those existing provisions of the General Agreement on Trade in Services that may exert a certain measure of discipline on services subsidies and to the question of the desirability and technical feasibility of countervailing measures. Rules on services subsidies contained in regional trade agreements are also discussed. Finally, and prior to the conclusions, two sectoral studies deal with the question of subsidies aimed to attract foreign direct investment and subsidies to the audiovisual sector. The book represents the first extensive and comprehensive analysis of the issue of services subsidies in the context of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and includes widespread references to the relevant European Union State Aid legislation and jurisprudence.

Regional State Aid and Competition Policy

Author: Fiona Wishlade
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041119752
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The increasing importance attached to the economic and social cohesion of the European Union since the 1980s, and the role of competition policy in achieving this objective, has special significance for the control of regional aids, given the general ban on State aid. Regional aids are considered to have the potential to contribute to economic and social cohesion and to undermine its attainment. The notion of competition policy as an instrument of economic and social cohesion has become a standard part of Commission rhetoric in defence of its actions. This book is concerned with the influence of EU competition policy on the regional policies of the Member States. It focuses on how the European Commission has interpreted the derogations from the State aid ban to enable the conduct of regional aid policies. The book takes both a historical perspective, tracing the evolution of policy, and a thematic one, examining in particular the relationship between EU competition and cohesion policies and the treatment of aid to very large projects. The author clearly demonstrates that, in reality, the competition policy control of regional aids is of much longer standing than the community¿s explicit regional aid policy and, in many respects, of arguably greater influence. She shows how competition policy has for almost thirty years shaped the design, scope and implementation of national regional aid policies; in no EU country has regional policy been unaffected by Commission intervention in the name of competition policy. Moreover, the policy principles developed for the EU now apply extraterritorially to members of the European Economic Area and to the current applicant countries. The study¿s overall perspective is policy-oriented. It considers both the impact of Commission intervention in the past and the implications of policy for the future, especially in the context of enlargement and a wider Europe. It will be an invaluable resource for all policymakers and practitioners active in the fields of economic development, regional policy and State aid law at European, national and subnational levels.

Import Propensities of Industrialized Countries

Author: J. Lutz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349622079
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume analyzes the import patterns of selected countries to determine which nations are active importers and which ones import much less than expected. The majority of the work focuses on the industrialized countries, which are at the center of the international trading system, determining which are very active importers and which are not. Controls for wealth, size, and membership in customs areas are included. Countries importing at levels below predicted ones are the countries likely to be most effective at protecting domestic industries from foreign competition. For example, the results permit an evaluation of the arguments that Japan has consistently imported less than would be expected due to the presence of barriers protecting the domestic market.

International Bibliography of Economics 1994

Author:
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415127837
Format: PDF, ePub
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This bibliography lists the most important works published in economics in 1994. Renowned for its international coverage and rigorous selection procedures, the IBSS provides researchers and librarians with the most comprehensive and scholarly bibliographic service available in the social sciences. The IBSS is compiled by the British Library of Political and Economic Science at the London School of Economics, one of the world's leading social science institutions. Published annually, the IBSS is available in four subject areas: anthropology, economics, political science and sociology.

Asia Pacific Economic Integration and the GATT WTO Regime

Author: Yoshi Kodama
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This work presents a detailed analysis of the application of the WTO rule on regional arrangements to the current attempts at co-operation in the Asia Pacific region and makes recommendations for an institutional framework for economic integration in the region. The author argues that a framework for regional co-operation must be flexible in allowing for differential sub-regional arrangements and for a development-oriented trade policy, which has been common in some countries in the region. This thesis is based on a comprehensive account of the history and development of regional co-operation, and of the region's diversified economies and export-oriented development needs. The work concludes with a suggested institutional structure for an Asia Pacific regional arrangement, with particular regard for the compatibility with GATT/WTO rules, including specific recommendations regarding trade and investment liberalisation, economic harmonisation and dispute settlement. Asia Pacific Economic Integration and the GATT/WTO Regime will be of interest to academics, researchers, policy makers and practitioners with an interest in trade, economic and development law.