Improving Reading Comprehension of Middle and High School Students

Author: Kristi L. Santi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147358
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume focuses on our understanding of the reading comprehension of adolescents in a high stakes academic environment. Leading researchers share their most current research on each issue, covering theory and empirical research from a range of specializations, including various content areas, English language learners, students with disabilities, and reading assessment. Topics discussed include: cognitive models of reading comprehension and how they relate to typical or atypical development of reading comprehension, reading in history classes, comprehension of densely worded and symbolic mathematical texts, understanding causality in science texts, the more rigorous comprehension standards in English language arts classes, balancing the practical and measurement constraints of the assessment of reading comprehension, understanding the needs and challenges of English language learners and students in special education with respect to the various content areas discussed in this book. This book is of interest to researchers in literacy and educational psychology as well as curriculum developers.

Building Comprehension in Adolescents

Author: Linda H. Mason
Publisher: Brookes Publishing Company
ISBN: 9781598572100
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Developed for middle and high school teachers, the classroom-ready lessons in this practical guide will help strengthen students' reading comprehension and written expression so they can master academic content.

Reading for understanding

Author: Ruth Schoenbach
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9780787950453
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Published in Partnership with WestEd "A breath of fresh air! After reminding us that any teacher who puts a book in front of a student is a reading teacher, the authors give us a teacher-tested reading course for middle and high school students. They avoid the baloney in the present reading debates by paying attention to actual students. What they propose is an apprenticeship in using a tool kit for problem solving in reading. The tool kit itself is a combination of cognitive and social dimensions embedded in subjects. And, lo and behold, they can point to actual results." --Miles Myers, former executive director, National Council of Teachers of English "As a teacher of inner-city youth, I had tried every idea in my bag of tricks to get my kids to read. It wasn't until I started working with the reading apprenticeship approach that I was able to see changes in my students--in their scores, their attitudes, and their comprehension. The reading apprenticeship approach has completely changed the way I look at my students. Now I share my reading process and invite them to share their problem solving in the classroom. In the beginning of the year I hear, 'I hate this.' Over time I hear, 'I don't get this part, but I think I get this, ' and finally, 'This is what I think this means.' More and more I hear, 'What are we reading next?'" --Rita Jensen, teacher, John Muir Middle School, San Leandro, California "Reading for Understanding should be in the hands of teachers, principals, superintendents, curriculum coordinators, school board members, state educational leaders, university professors, and teachers in training. Engaging, to the point, and grounded in research, this book shares current work in progress, possible stumbling blocks, ideas to overcome them, and specific strategies with detailed examples. Most middle and high school teachers have little or no 'teaching reading' training. It is not too late and this book is a great start." --Judy Cunningham, principal, South Lake Middle School, Irvine, California "These authors do not take sides between authenticity of text and task at one end of an instructional continuum and ambitious, explicit instruction at the other end. Instead they transform the apparent contradiction into a sort of resonant complementarity, showing that these two seemingly opposite notions actually support one another quite remarkably. In a policy world in which forced choices have become all too common, it is refreshing to see contradictions transformed into synergies." --P. David Pearson, John A. Hannah Professor of Education, Michigan State University Many middle and high school students have difficulty reading and understanding academic texts, which limits their ability to meet today's high learning standards. Reading for Understanding addresses this quiet but growing crisis. Written for content-area teachers in secondary schools, this guidebook describes a successful approach to helping students improve their literacy across all subject areas. The authors describe a program in which an entire freshman class in one urban high school increased its average reading scores by more than two years. Piloted in San Francisco, the groundbreaking Academic Literacy program proved that it was not too late for teachers and students to work together in boosting literacy, engagement, and achievement. Easy to read and filled with vivid classroom lessons and exercises, Reading for Understanding shows teachers how they can create classroom "reading apprenticeships" to help students build reading comprehension skills and relate what they read to a larger knowledge base. It also discusses the strategies and support systems needed to implement and evaluate reading apprenticeship programs throughout a school. This unique guidebook is a solid companion for educators ready to face the challenge of building reading into their content-area teaching.

Building Literacy in Social Studies

Author: Donna Ogle
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416605584
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Preparing students to be active, informed, literate citizens is one of the primary functions of public schools. But how can students become engaged citizens if they can't read, let alone understand, their social studies texts? What can educators--and social studies teachers in particular--do to help students develop the knowledge, skills, and motivation to become engaged in civic life? Building Literacy in Social Studies addresses this question by presenting both the underlying concepts and the research-based techniques that teachers can use to engage students and build the skills they need to become successful readers, critical thinkers, and active citizens. The authors provide targeted strategies--including teaching models, graphic organizers, and step-by-step instructions--for activities such as * Building vocabulary, * Developing textbook literacy skills, * Interpreting primary and secondary sources, * Applying critical thinking skills to newspapers and magazines, and * Evaluating Internet sources. Readers will also learn how to organize classrooms into models of democracy by creating learning communities that support literacy instruction, distribute authority, encourage cooperation, and increase accountability among students. Realistic scenarios depict a typical social studies teacher's experience before and after implementing the strategies in the classroom, showing their potential to make a significant difference in how students respond to instruction. By making literacy strategies a vital part of content-area instruction, teachers not only help students better understand their schoolwork but also open students' eyes to the power that informed and engaged people have to change the world.

Painless Reading Comprehension 3rd edition

Author: Darolyn "Lyn" Jones, Ed.D.
Publisher: Barron's Educational Series
ISBN: 1438068271
Format: PDF, Docs
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Reading comprehension assignments that first seem confusing become easy when students answer the author's key questions about their own reading habits. For example: "What can kids do to warm up their brains before starting to read?" and "How can they keep the facts they read in their head?" The author offers interesting answers to these and many more questions. Titles in Barron's extensive Painless Series cover most subjects taught on middle school and high school levels, and are written for students who find the subjects unusually difficult and confusing--or in some cases, just plain boring. Painless Series authors, all of them experienced educators, are experts at clearing up aspects of their subjects that students are likely to find confusing. These books also perk up students' interest by emphasizing the attention-catching ways in which the subjects can be put to practical use. Most Painless Series titles take a light-hearted approach to their subjects, and all of them present fun-to-solve challenges with puzzles, games, and "Brain Tickler" problems. Although Painless Series titles are written primarily for middle school and high school students, older students and adults who need to refresh their skills will also find these books extremely helpful.

Close Reading in the Secondary Classroom

Author: Jeff Flygare
Publisher: Classroom Strategies
ISBN: 9781943360017
Format: PDF, ePub
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Close-reading strategies help students develop the critical-thinking skills essential for the rest of their lives. Close Reading in the Secondary Classroom offers high school and middle school educators extensive guidance on how to introduce close reading to students and help them improve their reading comprehension skills and critical thinking. Learn how to select close-reading examples and passages, elicit deeper question formation, facilitate positive classroom discussion, and assess your students' reading comprehension and literacy progress. Understand the importance of close reading, prereading, and post-reading activities. Learn how to choose appropriate literary or informational texts for close reading. Pass on tools necessary for literary analysis and annotating text. Develop thought-provoking questions and discussion that deepen text analysis and reading comprehension. Assess students' critical and creative thinking skills. Contents: Introduction Chapter 1: Research and Theory Chapter 2: Prereading Chapter 3: Reading Twice and Annotating Chapter 4: Generating Questions and Reading Analytically Chapter 5: Discussing as a Class or Analyzing Individually, and Using Processing Activities Chapter 6: Planning and Assessing Close Reading Epilogue Appendix A: Answers to Comprehension Questions Appendix B: Extended Examples of Close Reading

Drawing a Blank

Author: Emily Iland
Publisher: AAPC Publishing
ISBN: 9781934575772
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Although they may be fluent readers - indeed, many have very precocious reading skills - individuals with autism spectrum disorders often need support for comprehension. Comprehension difficulties in readers with ASD can be subtle, qualitative, and difficult to tease out. As a result, their substantial level of risk for reading comprehension problems is often overlooked or unaddressed, and many students struggle in silence. Further aggravating the situation is the fact that otherwise competent educational professionals is both general education and special education settings have limited training and experience helping readers with ASD. This is where Drawing a Blank comes in. Using a clearly stated and well-organized approach, this practical resource provides educational professionals and parents with the tools to improve comprehension for good decoders who have reading comprehension difficulties, as well as readers who struggle with both decoding and comprehension. In keeping with current standards, the book emphasizes the importance of using evidence-based and promising practices based on thorough assessment of student's needs.

Handbook of Social Influences in School Contexts

Author: Kathryn R. Wentzel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317670876
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Handbook of Social Influences in School Contexts draws from a growing body of research on how and why various aspects of social relationships and contexts contribute to children’s social and academic functioning within school settings. Comprised of the latest studies in developmental and educational psychology, this comprehensive volume is perfect for researchers and students of Educational Psychology. Beginning with the theoretical perspectives that guide research on social influences, this book presents foundational research before moving on to chapters on peer influence and teacher influence. Next, the book addresses ways in which the school context can influence school-related outcomes (including peer and teacher-student relationships) with specific attention to research in motivation and cognition. Within the chapters authors not only present current research but also explore best-practices, drawing in examples from the classroom. With chapters from leading experts in the field, The Handbook of Social Influences in School Contexts provides the first complete resource on this topic.

Comprehension Across the Curriculum

Author: Kathy Ganske
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606235133
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Successful students use comprehension skills and strategies throughout the school day. In this timely book, leading scholars present innovative ways to support reading comprehension across content areas and the full K–12 grade range. Chapters provide specific, practical guidance for selecting rewarding texts and promoting engagement and understanding in social studies, math, and science, as well as language arts and English classrooms. Cutting-edge theoretical perspectives and research findings are clearly explained. Special attention is given to integrating out-of-school literacies into instruction and developing comprehension in English language learners.

Reading Comprehension in Educational Settings

Author: José A. León
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027265216
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Text comprehension is a critical area of psychological and educational research, and has particular relevance to educational context. The general aim of this international volume Reading Comprehension in Educational Settings is to encourage excellence in research and to bring together teachers, students, researchers and other professionals from different disciplines (e.g. psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, education, information technology, and communication), as well as all those members of the general public who have an interest in the study of reading. The specific objectives of the different chapters in this volume are to analyze existing methods of studying the various aspects of reading comprehension, disseminate results already obtained by research groups working in the field and debate current and future trends in the study of reading.