Improving Reading Comprehension of Middle and High School Students

Author: Kristi L. Santi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147358
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume focuses on our understanding of the reading comprehension of adolescents in a high stakes academic environment. Leading researchers share their most current research on each issue, covering theory and empirical research from a range of specializations, including various content areas, English language learners, students with disabilities, and reading assessment. Topics discussed include: cognitive models of reading comprehension and how they relate to typical or atypical development of reading comprehension, reading in history classes, comprehension of densely worded and symbolic mathematical texts, understanding causality in science texts, the more rigorous comprehension standards in English language arts classes, balancing the practical and measurement constraints of the assessment of reading comprehension, understanding the needs and challenges of English language learners and students in special education with respect to the various content areas discussed in this book. This book is of interest to researchers in literacy and educational psychology as well as curriculum developers.

Building Literacy in Social Studies

Author: Donna Ogle
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416605584
Format: PDF
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Preparing students to be active, informed, literate citizens is one of the primary functions of public schools. But how can students become engaged citizens if they can't read, let alone understand, their social studies texts? What can educators--and social studies teachers in particular--do to help students develop the knowledge, skills, and motivation to become engaged in civic life? Building Literacy in Social Studies addresses this question by presenting both the underlying concepts and the research-based techniques that teachers can use to engage students and build the skills they need to become successful readers, critical thinkers, and active citizens. The authors provide targeted strategies--including teaching models, graphic organizers, and step-by-step instructions--for activities such as * Building vocabulary, * Developing textbook literacy skills, * Interpreting primary and secondary sources, * Applying critical thinking skills to newspapers and magazines, and * Evaluating Internet sources. Readers will also learn how to organize classrooms into models of democracy by creating learning communities that support literacy instruction, distribute authority, encourage cooperation, and increase accountability among students. Realistic scenarios depict a typical social studies teacher's experience before and after implementing the strategies in the classroom, showing their potential to make a significant difference in how students respond to instruction. By making literacy strategies a vital part of content-area instruction, teachers not only help students better understand their schoolwork but also open students' eyes to the power that informed and engaged people have to change the world.

Reading for understanding

Author: Ruth Schoenbach
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9780787950453
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Published in Partnership with WestEd "A breath of fresh air! After reminding us that any teacher who puts a book in front of a student is a reading teacher, the authors give us a teacher-tested reading course for middle and high school students. They avoid the baloney in the present reading debates by paying attention to actual students. What they propose is an apprenticeship in using a tool kit for problem solving in reading. The tool kit itself is a combination of cognitive and social dimensions embedded in subjects. And, lo and behold, they can point to actual results." --Miles Myers, former executive director, National Council of Teachers of English "As a teacher of inner-city youth, I had tried every idea in my bag of tricks to get my kids to read. It wasn't until I started working with the reading apprenticeship approach that I was able to see changes in my students--in their scores, their attitudes, and their comprehension. The reading apprenticeship approach has completely changed the way I look at my students. Now I share my reading process and invite them to share their problem solving in the classroom. In the beginning of the year I hear, 'I hate this.' Over time I hear, 'I don't get this part, but I think I get this, ' and finally, 'This is what I think this means.' More and more I hear, 'What are we reading next?'" --Rita Jensen, teacher, John Muir Middle School, San Leandro, California "Reading for Understanding should be in the hands of teachers, principals, superintendents, curriculum coordinators, school board members, state educational leaders, university professors, and teachers in training. Engaging, to the point, and grounded in research, this book shares current work in progress, possible stumbling blocks, ideas to overcome them, and specific strategies with detailed examples. Most middle and high school teachers have little or no 'teaching reading' training. It is not too late and this book is a great start." --Judy Cunningham, principal, South Lake Middle School, Irvine, California "These authors do not take sides between authenticity of text and task at one end of an instructional continuum and ambitious, explicit instruction at the other end. Instead they transform the apparent contradiction into a sort of resonant complementarity, showing that these two seemingly opposite notions actually support one another quite remarkably. In a policy world in which forced choices have become all too common, it is refreshing to see contradictions transformed into synergies." --P. David Pearson, John A. Hannah Professor of Education, Michigan State University Many middle and high school students have difficulty reading and understanding academic texts, which limits their ability to meet today's high learning standards. Reading for Understanding addresses this quiet but growing crisis. Written for content-area teachers in secondary schools, this guidebook describes a successful approach to helping students improve their literacy across all subject areas. The authors describe a program in which an entire freshman class in one urban high school increased its average reading scores by more than two years. Piloted in San Francisco, the groundbreaking Academic Literacy program proved that it was not too late for teachers and students to work together in boosting literacy, engagement, and achievement. Easy to read and filled with vivid classroom lessons and exercises, Reading for Understanding shows teachers how they can create classroom "reading apprenticeships" to help students build reading comprehension skills and relate what they read to a larger knowledge base. It also discusses the strategies and support systems needed to implement and evaluate reading apprenticeship programs throughout a school. This unique guidebook is a solid companion for educators ready to face the challenge of building reading into their content-area teaching.

Comprehension Across the Curriculum

Author: Kathy Ganske
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606235125
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Successful students use comprehension skills and strategies throughout the school day. In this timely book, leading scholars present innovative ways to support reading comprehension across content areas and the full K?12 grade range. Chapters provide specific, practical guidance for selecting rewarding texts and promoting engagement and understanding in social studies, math, and science, as well as language arts and English classrooms. Cutting-edge theoretical perspectives and research findings are clearly explained. Special attention is given to integrating out-of-school literacies into instruction and developing comprehension in English language learners.

Taking the Lead on Adolescent Literacy

Author: Nancy Dean
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1412979803
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Directly linked with overall student achievement, graduation rates, and success in higher education, literacy is essential for reaching academic goals in a school or county. Adolescent literacy has become the focus of many school improvement efforts to meet the needs of secondary and high school students. Without the requisite expertise in literacy, administrators and other school leaders charged with literacy improvement initiatives need a systemic and sustained approach for improving student literacy and learning. Taking the Lead on Adolescent Literacy presents a concrete, user-friendly, and practical guide to developing, implementing, and monitoring a schoolwide or county-wide literacy action plan. Readers will find rubrics, tools, and processes developed and field-tested by the authors over more than 10 years of close work with schools across the country.

Literacy in Grades 4 8

Author: Nancy L Cecil
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351813692
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Comprehensive yet succinct and readable, Literacy in Grades 4-8, Third Edition offers a wealth of practical ideas to help preservice and practicing teachers create a balanced and comprehensive literacy program while exploring the core topics and issues of literacy in grades 4 through 8. It addresses teaching to standards; differentiating instruction for readers and writers; motivating students; using assessment to inform instruction; integrating technology into the classroom; working with English learners and struggling readers; and connecting with caregivers. Selected classroom strategies, procedures, and activities represent the most effective practices according to research and the many outstanding classroom teachers who were observed and interviewed for the book. The Third Edition includes added material connecting the Common Core State Standards to the instruction and assessment of literacy skills; a combined word study and vocabulary chapter to help readers integrate these important topics in their teaching; more on technology, including comprehension of multimodal texts, enhancing writing instruction with technology tools, and teaching activities with an added technology component; added discussion of teacher techniques during text discussions, strategic moves that help students become more strategic readers. Key features: In the Classroom vignettes; more than 50 activities, some with a technology component; questions for journal writing and for projects and field-based activities; troubleshooting sections offering alternative suggestions and activities for those middle-grade students who may find a particular literacy focus challenging.

Adolescent Literacy Research and Practice

Author: Tamara L. Jetton
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 9781593850227
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This much-needed book is the first applied research book on adolescent literacy. It addresses the role of literacy instruction in enhancing content area learning, and fostering student motivation and success well beyond the primary grades. The unique literacy needs of middle school and secondary students are thoroughly examined and effective practices and interventions identified. Reviewing the breadth of current knowledge and with contributions from some of the most prominent scholars in the field, important topics are covered such as: * how literacy skills develop in grades 5-12 * ways to incorporate literacy learning into English, social studies, math, and science * struggling adolescent readers and writers: what works in assessment and intervention * special challenges facing English language learners and culturally diverse students * implications for teacher training, policy, and future research.

Improving Reading Comprehension through Metacognitive Reading Strategies Instruction

Author: Kouider Mokhtari, Anderson-Vukelja-Wright Endowed Chair, The University of Texas at Tyler, School of Education
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1475831307
Format: PDF
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This book addresses the need to help all students, including English learners, improve their ability to read with understanding so that they can succeed not just in their language and literacy classes, but also in their subject area classrooms.

Reading and the Middle School Student

Author: Judith L. Irvin
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205163793
Format: PDF, ePub
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The last three decades have been a time of renewed interest in middle-level education. In fact, membership in the National Middle School Association has skyrocketed. Also, current research and theory in reading education have contributed to what educators know about the most exciting ways for improving literacy abilities. This is a new EDITION of the best-selling guide to middle-school literacy instruction and literacy programs. Numerous strategies are recommENDed for the instruction of vocabulary, comprehension, study skills, and using literature across the curriculum. This book is for prospective and practicing teachers, program specialists, and resource teachers concerned with improving the literacy abilities of mid-level learners. Parents will also find it helpful.