Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780140258356
Format: PDF, ePub
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Hosftadter and his colleagues at The Fluid Analogies Research Group have developed computer models that help describe and explain human discovery, creation and analogical thought. The key issue of perception is investigated through the exploration of playful anagrams, number puzzles, word play and fanciful alphabetical styles, and the result is a survey of cognitive processes. This text presents the results.

Fluid Concepts Creative Analogies

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
ISBN: 9780465024759
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Describes research projects in cognitive science over the past twenty years, and discusses arithmetical play, analogy, research evaluation, and creativity

Surfaces and Essences

Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465018475
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Shows how analogy-making pervades human thought at all levels, influencing the choice of words and phrases in speech, providing guidance in unfamiliar situations, and giving rise to great acts of imagination.

I Am a Strange Loop

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465030785
Format: PDF, ePub
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An original, endlessly thought-provoking, and controversial look at the nature of consciousness and identity argues that the key to understanding selves and consciousness is the "strange loop," a special kind of abstract feedback loop inhabiting our brains.

Analogy making as Perception

Author: Melanie Mitchell
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN: 9780262132893
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The psychologist William James observed that "a native talent for perceiving analogies is ... the leading fact in genius of every order." The centrality and the ubiquity of analogy in creative thought have been noted again and again by scientists, artists, and writers, and understanding and modeling analogical thought have emerged as two of the most important challenges for cognitive science. Analogy-Making as Perception is based on the premise that analogy-making is fundamentally a high-level perceptual process in which the interaction of perception and concepts gives rise to "conceptual slippages" which allow analogies to be made. It describes Copycat - a computer model of analogymaking, developed by the author with Douglas Hofstadter, that models the complex, subconscious interaction between perception and concepts that underlies the creation of analogies. In Copycat, both concepts and high-level perception are emergent phenomena, arising from large numbers of low-level, parallel, non-deterministic activities. In the spectrum of cognitive modeling approaches, Copycat occupies a unique intermediate position between symbolic systems and connectionist systems a position that is at present the most useful one for understanding the fluidity of concepts and high-level perception. On one level the work described here is about analogy-making, but on another level it is about cognition in general. It explores such issues as the nature of concepts and perception and the emergence of highly flexible concepts from a lower-level "subcognitive" substrate. Melanie Mitchell, Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan, is a Fellow of the Michigan Society of Fellows. She is also Director of the Adaptive Computation Program at the Santa Fe Institute.

Artificial Intelligence

Author: John Haugeland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262580953
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Presented in non-technical terms, this book explores the relationship between human thinking and machine computing

Le Ton Beau de Marot

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
ISBN: 9780465086450
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Analyzes the various translations of an obscure French poem to show the endless complexity of humans and their languages

Metamagical Themas

Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0786723866
Format: PDF
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Hofstadter's collection of quirky essays is unified by its primary concern: to examine the way people perceive and think.

Geometry Relativity and the Fourth Dimension

Author: Rudolf Rucker
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486140334
Format: PDF, ePub
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Exposition of fourth dimension, concepts of relativity as Flatland characters continue adventures. Topics include curved space time as a higher dimension, special relativity, and shape of space-time. Includes 141 illustrations.

Search Routines Tales of Databases

Author: Lena Br├╝ggemann
Publisher: D21 Kunstraum
ISBN: 3000505024
Format: PDF
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Databases pervade our everyday life, they are involved in the individual's most fundamental activities. Through their near invisibility and resistance to narration they produce subtle forms of collective control and normalization, accompanied by keywords such as: mass surveillance, big data, user generated content, etc. The publication "Search Routines: Tales of Databases" enlarges on the topics discussed in the exhibition, the workshop and during the symposium which took place at D21 Kunstraum and sublab hackerspace Leipzig in 2014. A series of interviews review artistic strategies like narration or the translation of data and algorithms to adress the invisibility of databases. Reports from the workshops tell about the potential of making the invisible visible or simply of hiding oneself from the databases' range of view. The symposium dis