Evolution and the Human Mind

Author: Peter Carruthers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521789080
Format: PDF
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This volume of essays offers an interdisciplinary examination of the evolution of the human mind.

Teleosemantics

Author: David Papineau
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199270260
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Teleosemantics seeks to explain meaning and other intentional phenomena in terms of their function in the life of the species. This volume of new essays from an impressive line-up of well-known contributors offers a valuable summary of the current state of the teleosemantics debate.

Verbal Communication

Author: Andrea Rocci
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110255472
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Language is the most pervasive means of human communication. Drawing on research in communication and in the language sciences, the Handbook presents a rich picture of verbal communication addressing how explicit and implicit meanings are negotiated in conversations, arguments and narratives, covering the media and contexts of verbal communication, the impact of cultural and linguistic diversity and the assessment of verbal communication quality.

The Evolution of Cognition

Author: Cecilia M. Heyes
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262082860
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book encompasses the behavior and mentality of nonhuman as well as human animalsand a full range of evolutionary approaches. Rather than a collection by and for the like-minded, itis a debate about how evolutionary processes have shaped cognition.

Human Social Evolution

Author: Kyle Summers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199339635
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Richard D. Alexander is an accomplished entomologist who turned his attention to solving some of the most perplexing problems associated with the evolution of human social systems. Using impeccable Darwinian logic and elaborating, extending and adding to the classic theoretical contributions of pioneers of behavioral and evolutionary ecology like George Williams, William Hamilton and Robert Trivers, Alexander developed the most detailed and comprehensive vision of human social evolution of his era. His ideas and hypotheses have inspired countless biologists, anthropologists, psychologists and other social scientists to explore the evolution of human social behavior in ever greater detail, and many of his seminal ideas have stood the test of time and come to be pillars of our understanding of human social evolution. This volume presents classic papers or chapters by Dr. Alexander, each focused on an important theme from his work. Introductions by Dr. Alexander's former students and colleagues highlight the importance of his work to the field, describe more recent work on the topic, and discuss current issues of contention and interest.

Conflict and Multimodal Communication

Author: Francesca D'Errico
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319140817
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book explores the use of technology to detect, predict and understand social cues, in order to analyze and prevent conflict. Traditional human sciences approaches are enriched with the latest developments in Social Signal Processing aimed at an automatic understanding of conflict and negotiation. Communication—both verbal and non-verbal, within the context of a conflict—is studied with the aim of promoting the use of intelligent machines that automatically measure and understand the escalation of conflict, and are able to manage it, in order to support the negotiation process. Particular attention is paid to the integration of human sciences findings with computational approaches, from the application of correct methodologies for the collection of valid data to the development of computational approaches inspired by research on verbal and multimodal communication. In the words of the trade unionist Pierre Carniti, "We should reevaluate conflict, since without conflict there is no social justice." With this in mind, this volume does not approach conflict simply as an obstacle to be overcome, but as a concept to be fully analyzed. The philosophical, linguistic and psychological aspects of conflict, once understood, can be used to promote conflict management as a means for change and social justice.

From Interaction to Symbol

Author: Piotr Sadowski
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027243441
Format: PDF, ePub
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These and many other questions are addressed in the book within the methodological framework of systems theory and evolutionary psychology."--BOOK JACKET.

Why We Lie

Author: David Livingstone Smith
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1466821507
Format: PDF, Docs
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Deceit, lying, and falsehoods lie at the very heart of our cultural heritage. Even the founding myth of the Judeo-Christian tradition, the story of Adam and Eve, revolves around a lie. We have been talking, writing and singing about deception ever since Eve told God, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate." Our seemingly insatiable appetite for stories of deception spans the extremes of culture from King Lear to Little Red Riding Hood, retaining a grip on our imaginations despite endless repetition. These tales of deception are so enthralling because they speak to something fundamental in the human condition. The ever-present possibility of deceit is a crucial dimension of all human relationships, even the most central: our relationships with our very own selves. Now, for the first time, philosopher and evolutionary psychologist David Livingstone Smith elucidates the essential role that deception and self-deception have played in human--and animal--evolution and shows that the very structure of our minds has been shaped from our earliest beginnings by the need to deceive. Smith shows us that by examining the stories we tell, the falsehoods we weave, and the unconscious signals we send out, we can learn much about ourselves and how our minds work. Readers of Richard Dawkins and Steven Pinker will find much to intrigue them in this fascinating book, which declares that our extraordinary ability to deceive others--and even our own selves--"lies" at the heart of our humanity.

Philosophy at 3 AM

Author: Richard Marshall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199969531
Format: PDF, ePub
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The 25 interviews collected in this volume were carried out with the aim of confronting widespread ignorance about contemporary philosophy. Contemporary philosophical issues are presented through engaging but serious dialogues that, taken together, offer a glimpse into key debates across the discipline.

Why Religion is Natural and Science is Not

Author: Robert N. McCauley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912300
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The battle between religion and science, competing methods of knowing ourselves and our world, has been raging for many centuries. Now scientists themselves are looking at cognitive foundations of religion--and arriving at some surprising conclusions. Over the course of the past two decades, scholars have employed insights gleaned from cognitive science, evolutionary biology, and related disciplines to illuminate the study of religion. In Why Religion is Natural and Science Is Not, Robert N. McCauley, one of the founding fathers of the cognitive science of religion, argues that our minds are better suited to religious belief than to scientific inquiry. Drawing on the latest research and illustrating his argument with commonsense examples, McCauley argues that religion has existed for many thousands of years in every society because the kinds of explanations it provides are precisely the kinds that come naturally to human minds. Science, on the other hand, is a much more recent and rare development because it reaches radical conclusions and requires a kind of abstract thinking that only arises consistently under very specific social conditions. Religion makes intuitive sense to us, while science requires a lot of work. McCauley then draws out the larger implications of these findings. The naturalness of religion, he suggests, means that science poses no real threat to it, while the unnaturalness of science puts it in a surprisingly precarious position. Rigorously argued and elegantly written, this provocative book will appeal to anyone interested in the ongoing debate between religion and science, and in the nature and workings of the human mind.