Epidemiologic Methods

Author: Noel S. Weiss
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199387788
Format: PDF, ePub
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This second edition of Epidemiologic Methods offers a rigorous introduction to the concepts and tools of epidemiologic research. Aimed chiefly at future epidemiologists, the book offers clear descriptions, practical examples, and question/answer sections for each of the science's key concepts. Authored by two award-winning epidemiology instructors, this book is ideally suited for use as a text in a graduate-level course sequence in epidemiologic methods. The book's chapters are organized around three main themes: general concepts and tools of epidemiology; major study designs; and special topics, including screening, outbreak investigations, and use of epidemiology to evaluate policies and programs. With additional exercises at the end of each chapter and expanded attention to topics such as confounding, this new edition of Epidemiologic Methods is an indispensable resource for the next generation of epidemiologic study.

Exercises in Epidemiology

Author: Noel S. Weiss
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199796785
Format: PDF, Docs
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" This workbook features: - Over 100 questions drawn from actual studies - Answers conveniently provided behind each question, allowing students to compare notes with a senior epidemiologist - Seven chapters organized around basic epidemiologic principles, such as confounding, cohort studies, and multiple causal pathways - Case examples that increase in complexity and difficulty throughout each chapter, neatly reflecting the increase in skill in applying principles to previously unseen situations - Questions designed to assist students in identifying and overcoming limitations in design or analytic approach."--Publisher.

Clinical Epidemiology

Author: Noel S. Weiss
Publisher: Monographs in Epidemiology and
ISBN: 9780195305234
Format: PDF, ePub
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Examining the principles and methods of research on the evaluation of factors affecting the outcome of illness, this volume emphasizes diagnostic and therapeutic interventions - the factors most readily modified by health care providers. The author discusses various ways of structuring observations on patient groups and appraises the nature and strength of inferences drawn from those observations. Weiss also demonstrates how the results of this type of research - clinical epidemiologic research - can be incorporated into the decision-making process utilized in clinical medicine." Among other changes, this new edition of Clinical Epidemiology greatly expands the chapter on randomized controlled trials and includes a whole new chapter on meta-analysis, authored by Peter Cummings with Noel S. Weiss. Meta-analysis, the statistical synthesis of data from comparable studies, was unheard of thirty years ago, but with the advent of increased computer technology, the method has been steadily growing in importance in the interpretation of the results of patient-oriented medical research. Clinical Epidemiology is an essential reference guide to the quantitative assessment of the consequences of illness for clinicians in training or in practice.

Getting Risk Right

Author: Geoffrey C Kabat
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542852
Format: PDF
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Do cell phones cause brain cancer? Does BPA threaten our health? How safe are certain dietary supplements, especially those containing exotic herbs or small amounts of toxic substances? What role does HPV play in the development of cervical cancer, and is the HPV vaccine safe? In four detailed case studies, Geoffrey C. Kabat shows how science works or sometimes doesn’t and what distinguishes these two very different outcomes. We depend on science and medicine like never before, yet there is widespread misinformation and confusion, amplified by the media, regarding what influences our health. Getting Risk Right helps general readers distinguish between claims that are supported by solid science and those that are the result of poorly designed or misinterpreted studies. In doing so, he shows us why certain risks are worth worrying about while others are not. Attempts to explain antiscience attitudes often focus on irrational fears and beliefs and the powerful role of business interests. These factors matter, but Kabat also emphasizes the variable quality of research in contested areas of health risks and the professional, political, and methodological factors that can distort the research process. Drawing on recent work in the “meta-analysis” of biomedical research and on insights from leading thinkers, including John Ioannides, Daniel Kahneman, and Cass Sunstein, this groundbreaking book examines factors both internal and external to the science that influence what results get attention and how questionable results can be used to support a particular narrative concerning an alleged public health threat. Kabat, a leading public health thinker, provides a much-needed antidote to what has been called “an epidemic of false claims.”

Social Epidemiology

Author: Lisa F. Berkman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199395330
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Eleven fully updated chapters include entries on the links between health and discrimination, income inequality, social networks and emotion, while four all-new chapters examine the role of policies in shaping health, including how to translate evidence into action with multi-level interventions."

Epidemiologic Methods for Health Policy

Author: Robert A. Spasoff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199771288
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is dedicated to the proposition that health policy should be evidence-based, and that epidemiology can provide much of the evidence. Unlike most textbooks of epidemiology, which focus on etiologic research, it emphasizes the descriptive methods that are more relevant to policy. Part I introduces the subject of policy and its formulation, reviews selected methods that are generally relevant to health policy, and provides an overview of health data and their manipulation. Part II proceeds through the policy cycle: assessing population health status, assessing potential interventions, making policy choices; implementing and finally evaluating policy. At each step it identifies the potential contributions of epidemiology and describes and demonstrates relevant methods. Many practical examples are provided, drawn from several developed countries, but mathematics is kept to an elementary level. A recurring theme is the interaction between health phenomena and the underlying population dynamics, and thus the close relationship of this type of epidemiology to demography.

The Developing Human Brain

Author: F. H. Gilles
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483281043
Format: PDF
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The Developing Human Brain: Growth and Epidemiologic Neuropathology presents the analyses that study the conditions and events of pregnancy, labor, and delivery as they relate to neuropathological outcomes. This book reviews the weaknesses and strengths of epidemiologic methods applied to autopsy populations and provide the details of the neuropathologic sample. Organized into three sections encompassing 27 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the hypotheses about the relationships between potential antecedents and morphologic events that can subsequently be tested in the living child using specific measure of cerebral or neurologic function. This text then examines the general principles of epidemiology. Other chapters consider the advantages and disadvantages of using autopsy data for epidemiologic studies. This book discusses as well the statistical and descriptive methods used to provide a panoramic view of the developing human brain based on infants aborted at different stages of development. The final chapter deals with anatomical changes at the final months of the second trimester. This book is a valuable resource for neuropathologists, neurologists, and pathologists.

Methods in Observational Epidemiology

Author: Chief of the Division of Epidemiology at the School of Medicine Stanford University Jennifer L Kelsey
Publisher: Monographs in Epidemiology and
ISBN: 9780195083774
Format: PDF
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This is the second edition of the first book to provide a complete picture of the design, conduct and analysis of observational studies, the most common type of epidemiologic study. Stressing sample size estimation, sampling, and measurement error, the authors cover the full scope of observational studies, describing cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and epidemic investigation. The use of statistical procedures is described in easy-to-understand terms.

Epidemiology

Author: Graham Moon
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335232361
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This accessible and clearly-structured book offers a comprehensive insight into the methods and principles of epidemiological study alongside an analysis of the broad context in which epidemiological work is undertaken. Chapters on sources of epidemiological data, on epidemiological study designs and on basic statistical measures for epidemiological studies are used to introduce the reader to the traditional underpinnings of epidemiological work.

Epidemiology and the Delivery of Health Care Services

Author: Denise M. Oleske
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461518393
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this introductory textbook to epidemiology, students will discover the knowledge and skills required for managing population-based health care under health reform. Fundamental epidemiological techniques are presented teaching students to assess the health status of populations served; determine appropriate interventions based upon knowledge of factors which affect health status; and evaluate the impact of health care systems, programs, technologies, and policies on the health status of populations. Each chapter includes case studies and discussion questions.