Envisioning Criminology

Author: Michael D. Maltz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319158686
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book covers research design and methodology from a unique and engaging point of view, based on accounts from influential researchers across the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Most books and articles about research in criminology and criminal justice focus on how the research was carried out: the data that were used, the methods that were applied, the results that were achieved. While these are all important, they do not present a complete picture. Envisioning Criminology: Researchers on Research as a Process of Discovery aims to fill that gap by providing nuance--the “back story” of why researchers selected particular problems, how they approached those problems, and how their background, training, and experience affected the approaches they took. As the contributions in this book demonstrate, research is not a cut-and-dried process, as all too many methods books imply, but a living, breathing–and in some ways quirky–process that is influenced by non-“scientific” factors. The path taken by a researcher is important, and an appreciation of his or her background, experience, knowledge–and the setbacks and triumphs of performing the research–provides a much more complete picture of how research is done. The twenty-eight chapters in this book describe the back stories of their authors, which serve to enlighten readers about the interplay between the personal and the methodological. While primarily aimed as a textbook, this work will also be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, and related Social and Behavioral Science fields as an account of how seminal researchers in the field developed their key contributions.

Place Matters

Author: David Weisburd
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110702952X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The book summarizes what we know about crime and place, and provides an agenda for future research in this area.

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Author: Nick Tilley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317530829
Format: PDF, Docs
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This second edition of the Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays focusing on the theory and practice of crime prevention and the creation of safer communities. This book is divided into five comprehensive parts: Part I, brand new to this edition, is concerned with theoretical perspectives on crime prevention and community safety. Part II considers general approaches to preventing crime, including a new chapter on the theory and practice of deterrence. Part III focuses on specific crime prevention strategies, including a new chapter on regulation for crime prevention. Part IV focuses on the prevention of specific categories of crime and the fear they generate, including new chapters on organised crime and cybercrime. Part V considers the preventative process: the methods through which presenting problems can be analysed, responses formulated and implemented, and their effectiveness evaluated. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners from the UK, US, Australia and the Netherlands, this volume will be an invaluable reference for researchers and practitioners whose work relates to crime prevention and community safety, as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in crime prevention.

International Handbook for Policy Research on School Based Counseling

Author: John C. Carey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319581791
Format: PDF, ePub
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This handbook examines policy research on school counseling across a wide range of countries and offers guidelines for developing counseling research and practice standards worldwide. It identifies the vital role of counseling in enhancing students’ educational performance and general wellbeing, and explores effective methods for conducting policy research, with practical examples. Chapters present the current state of school-based counseling and policy from various countries, focusing on national and regional needs, as well as opportunities for collaboration between advocates and policymakers. By addressing gaps in policy knowledge and counselor training, the Handbook discusses both the diversity of prominent issues and the universality of its major objectives. Topics featured in this handbook include: The use of scoping reviews to document and synthesize current practices in school-based counseling. Contemporary public policy on school-based counseling in Latin America. Policy, capacity building, and school-based counseling in Eastern/Southern Africa. Public policy, policy research, and school counseling in Middle Eastern countries. Policy and policy research on school-based counseling in the United Kingdom. Policy research on school-based counseling in the United States. The International Handbook for Policy Research in School-Based Counseling is a must-have resource for researchers, graduate students, clinicians, and related professionals and practitioners in child and school psychology, educational policy and politics, social work, psychotherapy, and counseling as well as related disciplines.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483321843
Format: PDF, Docs
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Like its predecessors, this Fifth Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice (by Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt) provides complete coverage of the use and results of the contemporary methods employed in criminology and criminal justice research today. Specifically designed for undergraduate and beginning graduate criminal justice courses and programs, this text teaches research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students who will become professionals in the field. Students learn about the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of exercises included in the text and on the student study website that help them practice as they learn.

Discovery Based Learning in the Life Sciences

Author: Kathleen M. Susman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118907566
Format: PDF, ePub
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For nearly a decade, scientists, educators, and policy makers have issued a call to college biology professors to transform undergraduate life sciences education. As a gateway science for many undergraduate students, biology courses are crucial to address many of the challenges we face, such as climate change, sustainable food supply and fresh water, and emerging public health issues. While canned laboratories and cook-book approaches to college science education do teach students to operate equipment, make accurate measurements, and work well with numbers, they do not teach students how to take a scientific approach to an area of interest about the natural world. Science is more than just techniques, measurements, and facts; science is critical thinking and interpretation, which are essential to scientific research. Discovery-Based Learning in the Life Sciences presents a different way of organizing and developing biology teaching laboratories to promote both deep learning and understanding of core concepts, while still teaching the creative process of science. In eight chapters, this text guides undergraduate instructors in creating their own discovery-based experiments. The first chapter introduces the text, delving into the necessity of science education reform. The chapters that follow address pedagogical goals and desired outcomes, incorporating discovery-based laboratory experiences, realistic constraints on such laboratory experiments, model scenarios, and alternative ways to enhance student understanding. The book concludes with a reflection on four imperatives in life science research-- climate, food, energy, and health-- and how we can use these laboratory experiments to address them. Discovery-Based Learning in the Life Sciences is an invaluable guide for undergraduate instructors in the life sciences aiming to revamp their curriculum, inspire their students, and prepare them for careers as educated global citizens. Provides several concrete and implementable discovery-driven laboratory schemes that faculty can adopt for their own courses Expands upon how one can go about revising or changing an existing course curriculum to incorporate a discovery-based approach Explores novel approaches to unify classroom content goals with student experiential approaches to learning the processes of science that are found in the laboratory Gives examples of successful approaches at both the introductory and the intermediate levels of instruction in the life sciences that can be readily adapted for use in multiple settings

The Oxford Handbook of Evidence based Management

Author: Denise M. Rousseau
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199763984
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Oxford Handbook of Evidence-based Management shows how leaders and managers can make effective use of best available evidence in the decisions they make — and what educators and researchers need to do to help them come to the right solution.

The Handbook of Criminological Theory

Author: Alex R. Piquero
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118512383
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Provides up-to-date, in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology, from classic deterrence theory and social disorganization to modern labeling theory and integrated theory"--

Re Envisioning Chinese Education

Author: Guoping Zhao
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138575929
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Maintaining education as a pedagogical space for human formation, this book is distinctive in looking at the crisis rather than the success of Chinese education. The editors and contributors, mostly overseas and mainland Chinese scholars, argue that modern Chinese education has been built upon a superficial and instrumental embrace of Western modernity and a fragmented appropriation of Chinese cultural heritage. They call for a rethinking and re-envisioning of Chinese education, grounded in and enriched by various cultural traditions and cross-cultural dialogues. Drawing on Chinese history and culture, Western and Chinese philosophies, curriculum and pedagogical theories, the collected volume analyzes (1) why education as person-making has failed to take root in contemporary China, (2) how the purpose of education has changed during the process of China's modernization, and (3) what a rediscovery of the meaning of person-making implies for rethinking and re-envisioning Chinese education in the current age of globalization and social change. Re-envisioning Chinese Education: The meaning of person-making in a new age discusses among other issues: China's Historical Encounter with the West and Modern Chinese Education Rediscover Lasting Values: Confucian Cultural Learning Models in the Twenty-first Century Rethinking and Re-envisioning Chinese Didactics: Implications from the German Didaktik Tradition The New Basic Education and the Development of Human Subjectivity: A Chinese Experience This book will be relevant for scholars, researchers, and policy makers everywhere who seek a more balanced, more sophisticated, and philosophically better grounded understanding of Chinese education.

The Criminology of Place

Author: David Weisburd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199709106
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of crime has focused primarily on why particular people commit crime or why specific communities have higher crime levels than others. In The Criminology of Place, David Weisburd, Elizabeth Groff, and Sue-Ming Yang present a new and different way of looking at the crime problem by examining why specific streets in a city have specific crime trends over time. Based on a 16-year longitudinal study of crime in Seattle, Washington, the book focuses our attention on small units of geographic analysis-micro communities, defined as street segments. Half of all Seattle crime each year occurs on just 5-6 percent of the city's street segments, yet these crime hot spots are not concentrated in a single neighborhood and street by street variability is significant. Weisburd, Groff, and Yang set out to explain why. The Criminology of Place shows how much essential information about crime is inevitably lost when we focus on larger units like neighborhoods or communities. Reorienting the study of crime by focusing on small units of geography, the authors identify a large group of possible crime risk and protective factors for street segments and an array of interventions that could be implemented to address them. The Criminology of Place is a groundbreaking book that radically alters traditional thinking about the crime problem and what we should do about it.