Embedded Multiprocessors

Author: Sundararajan Sriram
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420048025
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Techniques for Optimizing Multiprocessor Implementations of Signal Processing Applications An indispensable component of the information age, signal processing is embedded in a variety of consumer devices, including cell phones and digital television, as well as in communication infrastructure, such as media servers and cellular base stations. Multiple programmable processors, along with custom hardware running in parallel, are needed to achieve the computation throughput required of such applications. Reviews important research in key areas related to the multiprocessor implementation of multimedia systems Embedded Multiprocessors: Scheduling and Synchronization, Second Edition presents architectures and design methodologies for parallel systems in embedded digital signal processing (DSP) applications. It discusses application modeling techniques for multimedia systems, the incorporation of interprocessor communication costs into multiprocessor scheduling decisions, and a modeling methodology (the synchronization graph) for multiprocessor system performance analysis. The book also applies the synchronization graph model to develop hardware and software optimizations that can significantly reduce the interprocessor communication overhead of a given schedule. Chronicles recent activity dealing with single-chip multiprocessors and dataflow models This edition updates the background material on existing embedded multiprocessors, including single-chip multiprocessors. It also summarizes the new research on dataflow models for signal processing that has been carried out since the publication of the first edition. Harness the power of multiprocessors This book explores the optimization of interprocessor communication and synchronization in embedded multiprocessor systems. It shows you how to design multiprocessor computer systems that are streamlined for multimedia applications.

Scheduling Real Time Streaming Applications onto an Embedded Multiprocessor

Author: Orlando Moreira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319012460
Format: PDF
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art, data flow-based techniques for the analysis, modeling and mapping technologies of concurrent applications on multi-processors. The authors present a flow for designing embedded hard/firm real-time multiprocessor streaming applications, based on data flow formalisms, with a particular focus on wireless modem applications. Architectures are described for the design tools and run-time scheduling and resource management of such a platform.

Adaptive Digital Filters

Author: Maurice Bellanger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824741536
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This text emphasizes the intricate relationship between adaptive filtering and signal analysis - highlighting stochastic processes, signal representations and properties, analytical tools, and implementation methods. This second edition includes new chapters on adaptive techniques in communications and rotation-based algorithms. It provides practical applications in information, estimation, and circuit theories.

Dynamic Resource Allocation in Embedded High Performance and Cloud Computing

Author: Leandro Soares Indrusiak
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793519087
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The availability of many-core computing platforms enables a wide variety of technical solutions for systems across the embedded, high-performance and cloud computing domains. However, large scale manycore systems are notoriously hard to optimise. Choices regarding resource allocation alone can account for wide variability in timeliness and energy dissipation (up to several orders of magnitude). Dynamic Resource Allocation in Embedded, High-Performance and Cloud Computing covers dynamic resource allocation heuristics for manycore systems, aiming to provide appropriate guarantees on performance and energy efficiency. It addresses different types of systems, aiming to harmonise the approaches to dynamic allocation across the complete spectrum between systems with little flexibility and strict real-time guarantees all the way to highly dynamic systems with soft performance requirements. Technical topics presented in the book include: Load and Resource ModelsAdmission ControlFeedback-based Allocation and OptimisationSearch-based Allocation HeuristicsDistributed Allocation based on Swarm IntelligenceValue-Based Allocation Each of the topics is illustrated with examples based on realistic computational platforms such as Network-on-Chip manycore processors, grids and private cloud environments.

Synchronization in Real Time Systems

Author: Ragunathan Rajkumar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461540003
Format: PDF
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Real-time computing systems are vital to a wide range of applications. For example, they are used in the control of nuclear reactors and automated manufacturing facilities, in controlling and tracking air traffic, and in communication systems. In recent years, real-time systems have also grown larger and become more critical. For instance, advanced aircraft such as the space shuttle must depend heavily on computer sys tems [Carlow 84]. The centralized control of manufacturing facilities and assembly plants operated by robots are other examples at the heart of which lie embedded real-time systems. Military defense systems deployed in the air, on the ocean surface, land and underwater, have also been increasingly relying upon real-time systems for monitoring and operational safety purposes, and for retaliatory and containment measures. In telecommunications and in multi-media applications, real time characteristics are essential to maintain the integrity of transmitted data, audio and video signals. Many of these systems control, monitor or perform critical operations, and must respond quickly to emergency events in a wide range of embedded applications. They are therefore required to process tasks with stringent timing requirements and must perform these tasks in a way that these timing requirements are guaranteed to be met. Real-time scheduling al gorithms attempt to ensure that system timing behavior meets its specifications, but typically assume that tasks do not share logical or physical resources. Since resource-sharing cannot be eliminated, synchronization primitives must be used to ensure that resource consis tency constraints are not violated.

Advanced Industrial Control Technology

Author: Peng Zhang
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437778089
Format: PDF, Docs
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Control engineering seeks to understand physical systems, using mathematical modeling, in terms of inputs, outputs and various components with different behaviors. It has an essential role in a wide range of control systems, from household appliances to space flight. This book provides an in-depth view of the technologies that are implemented in most varieties of modern industrial control engineering. A solid grounding is provided in traditional control techniques, followed by detailed examination of modern control techniques such as real-time, distributed, robotic, embedded, computer and wireless control technologies. For each technology, the book discusses its full profile, from the field layer and the control layer to the operator layer. It also includes all the interfaces in industrial control systems: between controllers and systems; between different layers; and between operators and systems. It not only describes the details of both real-time operating systems and distributed operating systems, but also provides coverage of the microprocessor boot code, which other books lack. In addition to working principles and operation mechanisms, this book emphasizes the practical issues of components, devices and hardware circuits, giving the specification parameters, install procedures, calibration and configuration methodologies needed for engineers to put the theory into practice. Documents all the key technologies of a wide range of industrial control systems Emphasizes practical application and methods alongside theory and principles An ideal reference for practicing engineers needing to further their understanding of the latest industrial control concepts and techniques

The Art of Multiprocessor Programming

Author: Maurice Herlihy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123973376
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Revised and updated with improvements conceived in parallel programming courses, The Art of Multiprocessor Programming is an authoritative guide to multicore programming. It introduces a higher level set of software development skills than that needed for efficient single-core programming. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the new principles, algorithms, and tools necessary for effective multiprocessor programming. Students and professionals alike will benefit from thorough coverage of key multiprocessor programming issues. This revised edition incorporates much-demanded updates throughout the book, based on feedback and corrections reported from classrooms since 2008 Learn the fundamentals of programming multiple threads accessing shared memory Explore mainstream concurrent data structures and the key elements of their design, as well as synchronization techniques from simple locks to transactional memory systems Visit the companion site and download source code, example Java programs, and materials to support and enhance the learning experience

Software and Compilers for Embedded Systems

Author: Henk Schepers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540230351
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Software and Compilers for Embedded Systems, SCOPES 2004, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in September 2004. The 17 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from close to 50 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on application synthesis, data flow analysis, data partitioning, task scheduling, and code generation.

Real World Multicore Embedded Systems

Author: Bryon Moyer
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123914612
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This Expert Guide gives you the techniques and technologies in embedded multicore to optimally design and implement your embedded system. Written by experts with a solutions focus, this encyclopedic reference gives you an indispensable aid to tackling the day-to-day problems when building and managing multicore embedded systems. Following an embedded system design path from start to finish, our team of experts takes you from architecture, through hardware implementation to software programming and debug. With this book you will learn: • What motivates multicore • The architectural options and tradeoffs; when to use what • How to deal with the unique hardware challenges that multicore presents • How to manage the software infrastructure in a multicore environment • How to write effective multicore programs • How to port legacy code into a multicore system and partition legacy software • How to optimize both the system and software • The particular challenges of debugging multicore hardware and software Examples demonstrating timeless implementation details Proven and practical techniques reflecting the authors’ expertise built from years of experience and key advice on tackling critical issues