The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America

Author: Phil Gunson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317271343
Format: PDF, Kindle
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First published in 1989, The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America provides a guide to the most important organizations, figures, events and themes in the contemporary politics of South America. The countries covered are Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil, Suriname and Guyana, as well as the French overseas department of French Guiana. Central American and Caribbean affairs are also touched on when they have implications for South American politics. Taking a broad definition of the term ‘contemporary’, the authors isolate the strands of recent history which have a continual influence on political thinking. Although first published in 1989, this book will be a valuable resource for journalists, students, diplomats, business people, and anyone else who is interested in the politics of this richly diverse continent.

The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French

Author: Michael Mould
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113682572X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French reveals the hidden cultural dimension of contemporary French, as used in the press, going beyond the limited and purely lexical approach of traditional bilingual dictionaries. Even foreign learners of French who possess a good level of French often have difficulty in fully understanding French articles, not because of any linguistic shortcomings on their part but because of their inadequate knowledge of the cultural references. This cultural dictionary of French provides the reader with clear and concise explanations of the crucial cultural dimension behind the most frequently used words and phrases found in the contemporary French press. This vital background information, gathered here in this innovative and entertaining dictionary, will allow readers to go beyond a superficial understanding of the French press and the French language in general, to see the hidden yet implied cultural significance that is so transparent to the native speaker. Key features: a broad range of cultural references from the historical and literary to the popular and classical, with an in-depth analysis of punning mechanisms. over 3,000 cultural references explained a three-level indicator of frequency over 600 questions to test knowledge before and after reading. The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French is the ideal reference for all undergraduate and postgraduate students of French seeking to enhance their understanding of the French language. It will also be of interest to teachers, translators and Francophiles alike. French students in khâgne, Sciences-Po and schools of journalism will also find this valuable and relevant for their studies.

Dictionary of Contemporary French Connectors

Author: James Grieve
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415135382
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Connecting words and phrases are essential for discussion, clarity and fluency in any language. French is particularly reliant on connecting language: also and in fact have more than fifteen equivalent words and expressions in French. This is the first French-English dictionary to focus on this fascinating and crucial part of the language. The dictionary presents nearly 200 full entries in alphabetical order. Entries define, discuss and exemplify a whole range of connecting language in French. In addition to these full entries, the dictionary includes some 400 other connecting structures. More than 2,000 authentic examples, chosen from a variety of registers and many different contexts and written mainly in contemporary prose, add further clarity. This dictionary is the ideal reference for advanced students, teachers and translators of the French language.

The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of Southern Africa

Author: Gwyneth Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317270819
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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First published in 1988, The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of Southern Africa provides a guide to the often confusing politics of Southern Africa. The book identifies and explains political figures, organisations, systems and terminology from the region in a clear and practical way. It covers eleven countries: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Although first published in 1988, this book will be a valuable resource for journalists, students, diplomats, business people, and anyone else who is interested in the politics of this richly diverse continent.

Books in Print

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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

A Frequency Dictionary of Spanish

Author: Mark Davies
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134314191
Format: PDF, Docs
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The only up-to-date frequency dictionary of Spanish currently available, this is an invaluable tool for all learners of Spanish that provides a list of the 5,000 most commonly used words in the language. Based on a twenty million word corpus evenly divided between spoken, fiction and non-fiction texts from both Spain and Latin America, the Dictionary provides a detailed frequency-based list, as well as alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes to ensure maximum ease of access to the information and efficiency of use. All entries in the rank frequency list feature the English equivalent, a sample sentence and, where applicable, an indication of major register variation. The Dictionary also contains thirty thematically organized lists of frequently used words on a variety of topics, such as animals, weather, materials, and family terms. A CD version is available to purchase separately. Designed for use by corpus and computational linguists it provides the full text in a format that researchers can process and turn into suitable lists for their own research work

Dictionaries in Early Modern Europe

Author: John Considine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139471058
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dictionaries tell stories of many kinds. The history of dictionaries, of how they were produced, published and used, has much to tell us about the language and the culture of the past. This monumental work of scholarship draws on published and archival material to survey a wide range of dictionaries of western European languages (including English, German, Latin and Greek) published between the early sixteenth and mid -seventeenth centuries. John Considine establishes a powerful model for the social and intellectual history of lexicography by examining dictionaries both as imaginative texts and as scholarly instruments. He tells the stories of national and individual heritage and identity that were created through the making of dictionaries in the early modern period. Far from dry, factual collections of words, dictionaries are creative works, shaping as well as recording early modern culture and intellectual history.