Critical Issues In Rural Health

Author: Lois Wright
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780813800103
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A large sector of the United States (U.S.) population. About 22 percent of Americans, approximately 55 million people, are considered “rural” residents. Rural people have a unique set of health issues; they experience social, cultural, and economic disadvantages that can increase their risk for adverse health consequences. The first text of its kind, Critical Issues in Rural Health, provides comprehensive sociological study of rural health and health care trends in the United States, by examining the health and well-being of rural populations at all stages of life. Editors Glasgow, Morton, and Johnson present integrative reviews of theory and research on rural health issues, with the most up-to-date statistics of empirical research. This informative and groundbreaking text goes beyond the scope of previous studies and emphasizes differences between rural and urban areas in health and health care. Surprisingly little research has examined the differences in disability and morality rates by residence or degree of rurality-this book does. In additon, contributing authors report on the impact of age or life stage, race and ethnicity, social class, rural occupations, and community structure on various health issues.

Rural Populations and Health

Author: Richard A. Crosby
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118235487
Format: PDF
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Health-related disparities remain a persistent, serious problem across the nation's more than 60 million rural residents. Rural Populations and Health provides an overview of the critical issues surrounding rural health and offers a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the United States. This edited collection includes a comprehensive examination of myriad issues in rural health and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. This textbook offers a review of rural health systems in Colorado, Kentucky, Alabama, and Iowa, and features contributions from key leaders in rural public health throughout the United States. Rural Populations and Health examines vital health issues such as: Health assessment Strategies for building rural coalitions Promoting rural adolescent health Rural food disparities Promoting oral health in rural areas Physical activity in rural communities Preventing farm-related injuries Addressing mental health issues Cancer prevention and control in rural communities Reducing rural tobacco use Rural Populations and Health is an important resource for students, faculty, and researchers in public health, preventive medicine, public health nursing, social work, and sociology.

The Role of Telehealth in an Evolving Health Care Environment

Author: Board on Health Care Services
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309262011
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In 1996, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released its report Telemedicine: A Guide to Assessing Telecommunications for Health Care. In that report, the IOM Committee on Evaluating Clinical Applications of Telemedicine found telemedicine is similar in most respects to other technologies for which better evidence of effectiveness is also being demanded. Telemedicine, however, has some special characteristics-shared with information technologies generally-that warrant particular notice from evaluators and decision makers. Since that time, attention to telehealth has continued to grow in both the public and private sectors. Peer-reviewed journals and professional societies are devoted to telehealth, the federal government provides grant funding to promote the use of telehealth, and the private technology industry continues to develop new applications for telehealth. However, barriers remain to the use of telehealth modalities, including issues related to reimbursement, licensure, workforce, and costs. Also, some areas of telehealth have developed a stronger evidence base than others. The Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA) sponsored the IOM in holding a workshop in Washington, DC, on August 8-9 2012, to examine how the use of telehealth technology can fit into the U.S. health care system. HRSA asked the IOM to focus on the potential for telehealth to serve geographically isolated individuals and extend the reach of scarce resources while also emphasizing the quality and value in the delivery of health care services. This workshop summary discusses the evolution of telehealth since 1996, including the increasing role of the private sector, policies that have promoted or delayed the use of telehealth, and consumer acceptance of telehealth. The Role of Telehealth in an Evolving Health Care Environment: Workshop Summary discusses the current evidence base for telehealth, including available data and gaps in data; discuss how technological developments, including mobile telehealth, electronic intensive care units, remote monitoring, social networking, and wearable devices, in conjunction with the push for electronic health records, is changing the delivery of health care in rural and urban environments. This report also summarizes actions that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) can undertake to further the use of telehealth to improve health care outcomes while controlling costs in the current health care environment.

Reforming China s Rural Health System

Author:
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821379836
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since 1978 when it embarked on sweeping agricultural and industrial reforms, China's economic growth has been remarkable. Its success in transforming itself within just three decades from a very poor low-income country to a successful middle-income country is unparalleled. During this period, however, and in contrast to the first 30 years of the People's Republic, progress in the health sector has been disappointing. For example, during the period 1980-2007, China increased its income per head as a percentage of the OECD average from 3 percent to 15 per cent, but infant mortality fell no faste.

Ethical Issues in Rural Health Care

Author: Craig M. Klugman
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421411504
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume initiates a much-needed conversation about the ethical and policy concerns facing health care providers in the rural United States. Although 21 percent of the population lives in rural areas, only 11 percent of physicians practice there. What challenges do health care workers face in remote locations? What are the differences between rural and urban health care practices? What particular ethical issues arise in treating residents of small communities? Craig M. Klugman and Pamela M. Dalinis gather philosophers, lawyers, physicians, nurses, and researchers to discuss these and other questions, offering a multidisciplinary overview of rural health care in the United States. Rural practitioners often practice within small, tight-knit communities, socializing with their patients outside the examination room. The residents are more likely to have limited finances and to lack health insurance. Physicians may have insufficient resources to treat their patients, who often have to travel great distances to see a doctor. The first part of the book analyzes the differences between rural and urban cultures and discusses the difficulties in treating patients in rural settings. The second part features the personal narratives of rural health care providers, who share their experiences and insights. The last part introduces unique ethical challenges facing rural health care providers and proposes innovative solutions to those problems. This volume is a useful resource for bioethicists, members of rural bioethics committees and networks, policy makers, teachers of health care providers, and rural practitioners themselves. -- Myles N. Sheehan, SJ, MD

Quality Through Collaboration

Author: Committee on The Future of Rural Health Care
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309094399
Format: PDF, Docs
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Building on the innovative Institute of Medicine reports To Err Is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm, Quality Through Collaboration: The Future of Rural Health offers a strategy to address the quality challenges in rural communities. Rural America is a vital, diverse component of the American community, representing nearly 20 % of the population of the United States. Rural communities are heterogeneous and differ in population density, remoteness from urban areas, and the cultural norms of the regions of which they are a part. As a result, rural communities range in their demographics and environmental, economic, and social characteristics. These differences influence the magnitude and types of health problems these communities face. Quality Through Collaboration: The Future of Rural Health assesses the quality of health care in rural areas and provides a framework for core set of services and essential infrastructure to deliver those services to rural communities. The book recommends: Adopting an integrated approach to addressing both personal and population health needs Establishing a stronger health care quality improvement support structure to assist rural health systems and professionals Enhancing the human resource capacity of health care professionals in rural communities and expanding the preparedness of rural residents to actively engage in improving their health and health care Assuring that rural health care systems are financially stable Investing in an information and communications technology infrastructure It is critical that existing and new resources be deployed strategically, recognizing the need to improve both the quality of individual-level care and the health of rural communities and populations.

Rural Public Health

Author: K. Bryant Smalley, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826108954
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"[A] welcome addition to the rural health care practitioner's tool kit. It will energize those interested in vulnerable rural residents and their unique characteristics through a public health perspective... Highly recommended."--CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries "This call to action for healthcare providers is a comprehensive review of issues in rural healthcare, including both obstacles and ways to begin to overcome them. It is easy to read... This enjoyable book encourages healthcare providers working or considering working in rural healthcare with clear direction."--Doody's Medical Reviews "The Warren & Smalley book is an excellent look at the challenges while also presenting solutions and hope. It recognizes the medical challenges that are present and the cost of bring medical care to these communities... There is so much in this book that will be refreshing and encouraging. The book needs to be read. It is also a book that needs to be placed in the hands of the movers and shakers, as well other interested parties who are in a position to 'make this happen.'" -- Illness, Crisis & Loss Rural residents face distinct health challenges due to economic conditions, cultural/behavioral factors, and health provider shortages that combine to impose striking disparities in health outcomes among rural populations. This comprehensive text about the issues of rural public health is the only book to focus on rural health from the perspectives of public health and prevention. It covers specific diseases and disorders faced by rural populations, service delivery challenges, practitioner shortfalls in rural areas, and promising community health approaches and preventive measures. The text also addresses rural health care ethics and international perspectives. Nearly all chapters offer best practice recommendations and evidence-based prevention programs. This book is a cohesive, centralized resource for researchers, public health practitioners, health organizations, and graduate education programs that focus on the public health of rural populations. Key Features: Comprises the only text to address rural health from the perspectives of public health and prevention Includes best practice recommendations and evidence-based prevention programs in each chapter Presents a cohesive, expansive synthesis of current research and practice Addresses specific diseases and disorders of rural populations, service delivery problems, and practitioner shortfalls in rural areas Discusses promising community health approaches and preventative measures

Rural Nursing Third Edition

Author: Helen J. Lee, PhD, RN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826104571
Format: PDF
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Designated a Doody's Core Title! "[T]his extended text on rural nursing is a significant contribution to the knowledge base on a phenomenon that is of significant importance to nurse educators, researchers, policy makers, and clinicians." --Dr. Angeline Bushy, PhD, RN, FAAN University of Central Florida College of Nursing (From the Foreword) Thoroughly updated and revised, this new edition of Rural Nursing provides the knowledge, skills, and insight nurses must acquire to meet the unique needs of rural populations. Winters and Lee present a broad overview of the perspectives of rural persons, the characteristics of health care in rural settings, and the requirements for effective nursing practice. With contributors from the United States, Canada, and Australia, this new edition presents an expanded view of how nurses can help make large-scale health care improvements in rural settings. Nurses will learn how to encourage changes in the health behaviors of rural people, pursue evidence-based practice and research, and create initiatives for improved education, practice, and policy. New and expanded topics include: Rural male caregivers Perinatal experiences of rural women Complementary therapy and health literacy in rural dwellers Childhood obesity and environmental risk reduction for rural children Rural public health in Native American communities

Practicing Care in Rural Congregations and Communities

Author: Jeanne Hoeft
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 0800699548
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Pastoral care in rural communities is different from care in other locales. Despite these differences, rural churches and communities also hold a particular wisdom from which the rest of the church might benefit. Small towns and rural areas have particular challenges, and in seeking to live out the Christian life in the midst of those, local churches have unique and useful insights into what it means to care for one another.

The Rural Nurse

Author: Deana Molinari, PhD, MS, RN, CNE
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826157572
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Transitioning to rural practice can be daunting for both experienced nurses and new graduates who have an urban orientation and are accustomed to specialized practice with abundant health care resources. Since most nursing education programs and practicing nurses are located in urban settings, programs are needed to prepare nurses who choose rural practice. In their book, Dr. Molinari and Dr. Bushy provide excellent examples of practice models from North America, New Zealand, and Australia with curricula that address transition issues. The text makes a significant contribution to the discussion about how to best prepare nurses for rural practice and will be of interest to administrators, educators, and clinicians. From the Foreward by Charlene A. Winters, PhD, APRN, ACNS-BC Associate Professor Montana State University College of Nursing This is the only volume to address the pressing need for practical information about transitioning from an urban-based nursing education or practice to a rural health care environment. It provides successful strategies that nurses in rural settings can use to develop, implement, and evaluate innovative programs that will meet the needs of individual rural communities. The book details current rural nursing transition-to-practice trends and issues, national standards, and evidence-based model programs worldwide. Rural practice culture is described along with professional education issues, competency, patient care, and safety. Chapters are presented in easy-to-access formats that offer ready solutions for problems commonly encountered in rural practice such as nurse recruitment and retention. In addition to health care delivery issues for specific rural populations, the book presents program descriptions from local to state levels, including locally developed education programs, urban hospital systems outreach to rural facilities, universities collaborating with rural businesses, city-based workshops, statewide competencies tracked by employers, and a distance education program customized by rural agencies. Case studies demonstrate how rural facilities-even the smallest and most isolated-are advancing health care through nurse support. The text will be of value to rural nursing staff developers, critical access hospitals and community clinic administrators, rural professional organizations, small urban health facilities, continuing education providers, nursing workforce centers, and graduate programs. Key Features: The first transition from academia-to-practice guide for rural nursing Charts evidence-based successes and offers model programs in different rural settings Provides rural-specific information to facilitate statewide health mandates Features residency program development processes, with tips and tools that work