Criminal Investigation of Sex Trafficking in America

Author: Leonard Territo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466554223
Format: PDF
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Human trafficking is the third largest business for organized crime worldwide, next to illegal weapons trading and drugs. Written by well-respected criminal justice scholars, this book examines the criminal investigation of sex trafficking. Providing a multidisciplinary exploration of this topic, the authors discuss: International and national perspectives and the history of sex trafficking in America Effective ways to train law enforcement in investigations Major federal and state laws most applicable in sex trafficking investigations The sexual exploitation of American children and those brought in from foreign countries Interrogation of sex-trafficking suspects Crime scene examination and physical evidence The role and responsibilities of prosecutors Effective ways to develop and maintain a multiagency task force

Modern Slavery

Author: Ryan D. Cantrell
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781481897860
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Human trafficking may be one of the least understood crimes in the United States. Often referred to as "slavery without chains," it is a widespread and highly profitable crime, largely hidden from public view out of ignorance or denial of its existence in the United States. After drug dealing, human trafficking is tied with the illegal arms trade as the second largest criminal industry in the world, and it is the fastest-growing. There are thousands of law enforcement officers within the United States that are confronted with the epidemic of human trafficking. While human trafficking is not a new crime, it has recently taken center stage as a criminal enterprise that is extremely profitable with less risk to the traffickers. As criminals invent new ways to profit and exploit people, law enforcement has to learn new techniques and tactics to adapt to changing trends. Topics include: RECOGNIZING HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND IDENTIFYING VICTIMS INVESTIGATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING CRIME SCENES, PHYSICAL EVIDENCE, AND EXAMINATIONS IN HUMAN TRAFFICKING THE VICTIM'S PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTIONS AND IMMEDIATE NEEDS COMMUNICATING WITH VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING INTERVIEW CHECKLIST LEGAL TOOLS FOR PROSECUTION INTERNET INVESTIGATIONS TYPES OF RECOVERY/ENFORCEMENT OPERATIONS

Combating Human Trafficking

Author: Michael J. Palmiotto
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482240394
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A centuries-old crime, human trafficking occurs not only in undeveloped countries, but also in some surprising locations. Right here in the United States, individuals are recruited, transported, and held by unlawful means—either through deception or under threat of violence. Approaching the topic from a law enforcement perspective, Combating Human Trafficking: A Multidisciplinary Approach provides an unprecedented look at the investigation of this phenomenon in America. Beginning with historical, sociological, and psychological perspectives, the book discusses how authorities can best conduct an investigation of trafficking. It reviews federal agencies responsible for confronting the problem, examines relevant laws and legal trends, and discusses law enforcement awareness and training. Individual chapters written by experts in law enforcement explore a host of topics, including: Border issues between Mexico and the U.S., including the trafficking of people, drugs, and firearms The role of the Internet in human trafficking Child victim recruitment into sex trafficking How sexually oriented businesses such as escort services, hostess bars, and massage parlors can be fronts for sex trafficking The prevalence of human trafficking among street gangs Forced labor aspects, especially with respect to illegal immigrants How victims are chosen Theoretical, practical, and ethical considerations in providing effective services to victims An ideal resource for police investigators, police training, and community outreach organizations, the book is also suitable as a college text for criminal justice courses. It is hoped that the awareness created through this text will provide the knowledge and tools needed to help to end this form of modern-day slavery.

Sex Trafficking

Author: Siddharth Kara
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231139616
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"Kara supplements his analysis with a riveting account of this unconscionable industry, sharing the moving stories of victims and revealing the shocking conditions of their exploitation. He concludes with a proposal for aggressive measures that target the essential business and economic functioning of the sex trafficking industry designed to provide a more effective global approach to abolishing these crimes against the world's most vulnerable and exploited persons."--Jacket.

Hidden in Plain Sight America s Slaves of the New Millennium

Author: Kimberly Mehlman-Orozco
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440854041
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Pimp-controlled sex workers, exploited migrants, domestic servants, and sex trafficking of runaway and homeless youth are just a few of the many forms of sex trafficking and labor trafficking going on all around the world—including in the United States. This book exposes both well-known and more obscure forms of human trafficking, documenting how these heinous crimes are encountered in our daily lives. • Exposes the tragic fact that human trafficking is likely going on in every city of the United States, often in legitimate industries, and that every American has worn, touched, or consumed goods produced with slave labor • Documents the shocking number of human trafficking forms, including sex trafficking of runaway and homeless youth, mail-order brides, forced labor and sex trafficking in massage parlors and nail salons, door-to-door solicitation crews, military sex tourism, child sex tourism, domestic servitude, gang-controlled sex trafficking, slavery in the chocolate and textile industries, and exploitation of undocumented migrants • Features a combination of direct experiences identifying and rescuing victims, interviews with convicted human traffickers, empirical research, and criminal case files • Lays out action items for the modern-day abolitionist movement to better prevent human trafficking victimization, as well as to protect survivors and prosecute offenders

Sex Trafficking

Author: Marie Segrave
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135847193
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Trafficking in persons, particularly the trafficking of women into sexual servitude (sex trafficking) has generated much attention over the past decade. This book provides a critical examination of the international and national frameworks developed to respond to this issue - focused both on the design of policy responses and their implementation. Uniquely it brings together, and brings to life, the voices of policymakers, non-government agencies and trafficked women. The analysis is grounded in rich empirical work and research in Europe, Asia, Australia and North America. This book examines how sex trafficking has been mobilized within anti-trafficking policies across the globe and offers a close examination of the dominant international framework, drawing upon a rich and diverse set of case studies: Australia, Serbia and Thailand. This analysis draws upon over 100 interviews with trafficking 'experts' across the three nations-including policymakers, police, immigration authorities, socialworkers, lawyers, UN agencies, local and international NGOs, activists. Critically, it also draws upon the voices of women who have been trafficked.

Human Trafficking

Author: John Winterdyk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439820368
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Human trafficking is a crime that undermines fundamental human rights and a broader sense of global order. It is an atrocity that transcends borders—with some regions known as exporters of trafficking victims and others recognized as destination countries. Edited by three global experts and composed of the work of an esteemed panel of contributors, Human Trafficking: Exploring the International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities examines techniques used to protect and support victims of trafficking as well as strategies for prosecution of offenders. Topics discussed include: How data on human trafficking should be collected and analyzed, and how data collection can be improved through proper contextualization The importance of harmonization and consistency in legal definitions and interpretations within and among regions The need for increased exchange of information and cooperation between the various actors involved in combating human trafficking, including investigators, law enforcement and criminal justice professionals, and social workers Problems with victim identification, as well as erroneous assumptions of the scope of victimization Controversy over linking protection measures with cooperation with authorities Highlighting the issues most addressed by contemporary scholars, researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers, this volume also suggests areas ripe for further inquiry and investigation. Supplemented by discussion questions in each chapter, the book is sure to stimulate debate on a troubling phenomenon.

Trafficking Justice

Author: Lauren A. McCarthy
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501701363
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In response to a growing human trafficking problem and domestic and international pressure, human trafficking and the use of slave labor were first criminalized in Russia in 2003. In Trafficking Justice, Lauren A. McCarthy explains why Russian police, prosecutors, and judges have largely ignored this new weapon in their legal arsenal, despite the fact that the law was intended to make it easier to pursue trafficking cases. Using a combination of interview data, participant observation, and an original dataset of more than 5,500 Russian news media articles on human trafficking cases, McCarthy explores how trafficking cases make their way through the criminal justice system, covering multiple forms of the crime—sexual, labor, and child trafficking—over the period 2003–2013. She argues that to understand how law enforcement agencies have dealt with trafficking, it is critical to understand how their "institutional machinery"—the incentives, culture, and structure of their organizations—channels decision-making on human trafficking cases toward a familiar set of routines and practices and away from using the new law. As a result, law enforcement often chooses to charge and prosecute traffickers with related crimes, such as kidnapping or recruitment into prostitution, rather than under the 2003 trafficking law because these other charges are more familiar and easier to bring to a successful resolution. In other words, after ten years of practice, Russian law enforcement has settled on a policy of prosecuting traffickers, not trafficking.

A Crime So Monstrous

Author: E. Benjamin Skinner
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743290089
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An exposâe of the modern slave trade in more than a dozen countries worldwide describes the illicit brothels, slave quarries, and child markets of the world's human trafficking networks, while also documenting the current state of abolitionist efforts.

The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Beth M. Huebner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118868765
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.