Crime and Policing in Rural and Small Town America

Author: Ralph A. Weisheit
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478610565
Format: PDF, ePub
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While most researchers see the urban setting as being the only laboratory for studying crime problems throughout the United States, Crime and Policing in Rural and Small-Town America directly challenges this notion with an authoritative look at crime and the criminal justice system in rural America today. The assumption that rural crime is rare and comparable across various communities has led to incompatible theories and irrelevant practices. In order to transform this misconstruction, the Third Edition offers a clear outline of the definition of rural and provides a vital argument for why rural and small-town crime should be studied more than it is. The book also explores the individual nature of issues that emerge in these communities, including illegal drug production, domestic violence, agricultural crimes, rural poverty, and gangs, in addition to the training needs of rural police, probation in rural areas, and rural jails and prisons. Responding to rural crime requires an awareness of its context and how justice is carried out, as well as an appreciation of how features vary across rural areas. Understanding the relationships among crime, geography, and culture in the rural setting can reveal useful ideas and implications for crime and justice in communities across the United States.

Crime in Rural Australia

Author: Elaine Barclay
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862876354
Format: PDF, Docs
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Contemporary rural crime is more varied and sophisticated than it once was. The new forms range from agricultural crimes, such as the theft of water designated for agricultural production, to environmental crimes such as the illegal dumping of waste. They take place side by side with "traditional" rural crimes such as cattle duffing while "urban" crimes such as drug and alcohol abuse and violent assaults are also prevalent, and on the rise. Crime in Rural Australia covers them all. It brings together leading academics who examine the major dimensions of crime and justice in rural and regional Australia including:the extent of rural crime farm crime violence juvenile crime policing Indigenous crime and justice crime prevention drugs fear of crime, and sentencing and punishment.It includes vignettes on rural policing and the stock squad from the perspectives of the NSW police. An ideal text for rural crime and criminology courses, Crime in Rural Australia will also be of interest to criminal justice practitioners, policy-makers, and criminology scholars. Three of the editors, Dr Elaine Barclay, Dr John Scott and Associate Professor Russell Hogg, are associated with the Centre for Rural Crime at the University of New England. Professor Joseph F. Donnermeyer is the International Research Co-ordinator for the Rural Crime Centre and is a leading US scholar on rural crime at Ohio State University.

Policing America

Author: Willard M. Oliver
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454876492
Format: PDF, Docs
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Policing America is an introductory textbook to policing in the United States. In a balanced approach, the text presents the theoretical foundations of American policing, with a focus on contemporary police practices and research. Oliver covers all of the key topics in policing, but does not overburden the student with either extraneous material only loosely related to policing or the overly detailed presentation of research more suited to a graduate program. In an engaging and readable style, the author offers an overview of past practices and research in policing, but emphasizes more contemporary policing practices and research. The focus of the book is on a contextual understanding of concepts in American policing. It is supported by the academic research, balanced with the voice of the American police officer. Features: Balanced approach that emphasizes contemporary policing. Written by an academic with police experience, resulting in an approach that combines the theoretical and the practical aspects of police work. Uses hypotheticals to bring the concepts to life for students. Student-friendly and accessible presentation incorporates graphic elements such as boxed features and charts to emphasize and summarize key points. Encourages students to think critically about the role of policing in today’s society. Oliver is an experienced author of textbooks in the criminal justice and policing fields, having authored or co-authored over a dozen books.

Community Policing in a Rural Setting

Author: Quint Thurman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131752392X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The authors provide stepping stones for rural and small-town agencies to make the organizational changes needed for community policing to take hold. The book introduces the concept of community policing and its many benefits to the agencies and communities that adopt it. Important issues discussed include the challenge of organizational change, as well as examples of community policing obstacles and successes, and the future of community policing in the 21st century.

Rural Criminology

Author: Joseph F Donnermeyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136207600
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Rural crime is a fast growing area of interest among scholars in criminology. From studies of agricultural crime in Australia, to violence against women in Appalachia America, to poaching in Uganda, to land theft in Brazil -- the criminology community has come to recognize that crime manifests itself in rural localities in ways that both conform to and challenge conventional theory and research. For the first time, Rural Criminology brings together contemporary research and conceptual considerations to synthesize rural crime studies from a critical perspective. This book dispels four rural crime myths, challenging conventional criminological theories about crime in general. It also examines both the historical development of rural crime scholarship, recent research and conceptual developments. The third chapter recreates the critical in the rural criminology literature through discussions of three important topics: community characteristics and rural crime, drug use, production and trafficking in the rural context, and agricultural crime. Never before has rural crime been examined comprehensively, using any kind of theoretical approach, whether critical or otherwise. Rural Criminology does both, pulling together in one short volume the diverse array of empirical research under the theoretical umbrella of a critical perspective. This book will be of interest to those studying or researching in the fields of rural crime, critical criminology and sociology.

Policing Methamphetamine

Author: William Garriott
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814732410
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In its steady march across the United States, methamphetamine has become, to quote former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, “the most dangerous drug in America.” As a result, there has been a concerted effort at the local level to root out the methamphetamine problem by identifying the people at its source—those known or suspected to be involved with methamphetamine. Government-sponsored anti-methamphetamine legislation has enhanced these local efforts, formally and informally encouraging rural residents to identify meth offenders in their communities. Policing Methamphetamine shows what happens in everyday life—and to everyday life—when methamphetamine becomes an object of collective concern. Drawing on interviews with users, police officers, judges, and parents and friends of addicts in one West Virginia town, William Garriott finds that this overriding effort to confront the problem changed the character of the community as well as the role of law in creating and maintaining social order. Ultimately, this work addresses the impact of methamphetamine and, more generally, the war on drugs, on everyday life in the United States.

Rural and Small Town America

Author: Glenn V. Fuguitt
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610442326
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Important differences persist between rural and urban America, despite profound economic changes and the notorious homogenizing influence of the media. As Glenn V. Fuguitt, David L. Brown, and Calvin L. Beale show in Rural and Small Town America, the much-heralded disappearance of small town life has not come to pass, and the nonmetropolitan population still constitutes a significant dimension of our nation's social structure. Based on census and other recent survey data, this impressive study provides a detailed and comparative picture of rural America. The authors find that size of place is a critical demographic factor, affecting population composition (rural populations are older and more predominantly male than urban populations), the distribution of poverty (urban poverty tends to be concentrated in neighborhoods; rural poverty may extend over large blocks of counties), and employment opportunities (job quality and income are lower in rural areas, though rural occupational patterns are converging with those of urban areas). In general, rural and small town America still lags behind urban America on many indicators of social well-being. Pointing out that rural life is no longer synonymous with farming, the authors explore variations among nonmetropolitan populations. They also trace the impact of major national trends—the nonmetropolitan growth spurt of the 1970s and its current reversal, for example, or changing fertility rates—on rural life and on the relationship between metropolitan and nonmetropolitan communities. By describing the special characteristics and needs of rural populations as well as the features they share with urban America, this book clearly demonstrates that a more accurate picture of nonmetropolitan life is essential to understanding the larger dynamics of our society. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Census Series

Security and Loss Prevention

Author: Philip Purpura
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080554008
Format: PDF, Docs
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Security and Loss Prevention, Fifth Edition, encompasses the breadth and depth of considerations involved in implementing general loss prevention concepts and security programs within an organization. It presents proven strategies to prevent and reduce incidents of loss due to legal issues, theft and other crimes, fire, accidental or intentional harm from employees as well as the many ramifications of corporate mismanagement. It contains a brand new terrorism chapter, along with coverage on background investigations, protection of sensitive information, internal threats, and considerations at select facilities (nuclear, DoD, government and federal). Author Philip Purpura once again demonstrates why students and professionals alike rely on this best-selling text as a timely, reliable resource. This book is an ideal resource for criminal justice and security academic programs, physical security professionals, retail security professionals, security managers, security consultants, law enforcement professionals, investigations professionals, risk and contingency planning professionals. - Covers the latest professional security issues surrounding Homeland Security and risks presented by threats of terrorism - Recommended reading for ASIS International's prestigious CPP Certification - Cases provide real-world applications