Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels

Author: Emmanuel Partheniades
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080877976
Format: PDF
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Control the impact of cohesive sediments on open channels by managing the effects of silt, clay and other sediments in harbors, estuaries and reservoirs. Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels provides you with a practical framework for understanding how cohesive sediments are transported, deposited and eroded. One of the first books to approach the subject from an engineering’s perspective, this book supplies insight into applying hydraulic design as well as understanding the behavior of cohesive sediments in a flow field. Properties and of the nature and the origin of the interparticle physicochemical forces The forces between clay particles and the process of flocculation Processes and dynamics of flocculation and the hydrodynamic behavior of cohesive sediments Transport processes of sediments by flowing water and related equations are first presented and explained Deposition and resuspension of beds deposited from suspension from flowing waters Engineering applications of the hydraulics of cohesive sediments

An Introduction to Hydraulics of Fine Sediment Transport

Author: Ashish J Mehta
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814449504
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents observations on the phenomena of fine sediment transport and their explanations under process-related divisions such as flocculation, erosion, and deposition. The text is a compilation of the author's lecture notes from nearly four decades of teaching and guiding graduate students in civil and coastal engineering. Illustrations of fine sediment transport processes and their complexities given in the book are taken from field and laboratory-based observations by the author and his students, as well as numerous investigators. The wide-ranging composition of particles (of inorganic and organic matter), their universal presence and their complex interactions with hydraulic forces make this branch of science a difficult one to deal with in a single treatise. It is therefore essential to study fine sediment transport as an independent subject rather than cover it in no more than a single chapter as many texts on coarse sediment transport have done. Even though the entire coverage is “introductory”, the twelve chapters collectively include more material than what can be reasonably dealt with in a one semester, three-credit course. The book includes an extensive description of the components of fine-grained — especially cohesive — sediment transport. It covers the development of the subject in scientific and engineering applications mainly from the 1950s to its present state. Solved examples and chapter-end exercises are also included. This text is aimed at senior civil engineering undergraduates and graduate students who, in the normal course of their study, seldom come across the subject of fine sediment transport in their curricula. Interested students should have a basic understanding of the mechanics of fluid flow and open channel hydraulics.

Computational River Dynamics

Author: Weiming Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203938488
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Comprehensive text on the fundamentals of modeling flow and sediment transport in rivers treating both physical principles and numerical methods for various degrees of complexity. Includes 1-D, 2-D (both depth- and width-averaged) and 3-D models, as well as the integration and coupling of these models. Contains a broad selection of numerical methods for open-channel flows, such as the SIMPLE(C) algorithms on staggered and non-staggered grids, the projection method, and the stream function and vorticity method. The state-of-the-art in sediment transport modeling approaches is described, such as non-equilibrium transport models, non-uniform total-load transport models, and semi-coupled and coupled procedures for flow and sediment calculations. Sediment transport theory is discussed and many newly-developed, non-uniform sediment transport formulae are presented. The many worked examples illustrate various conditions, such as reservoir sedimentation; channel erosion due to dam construction; channel widening and meandering; local scour around in-stream hydraulic structures; vegetation effects on channel morphodynamic processes; cohesive sediment transport; dam-break fluvial processes and contaminant transport. Recommended as a reference guide for river and hydraulic engineers and as a course text for teaching sediment transport modeling, computational free-surface flow, and computational river dynamics to senior students.

Hydraulics of Sediment Transport

Author: Walter Hans Graf
Publisher: Water Resources Publication
ISBN: 9780918334565
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is divided into four parts: Part 1 is entitled "A Short History of Sediment Transport"; Part 2 deals with the "Hydrodynamics of Fluid-Particle Systems"; Part 3 is concerned with the "Sediment Transport in Open Channels"; and Part 4 describes the "Sediment Transport in Closed Pipes." The intent of this book was to make each part as self-contained as possible which has made this an exceptional and successful textbook. The brief introduction preceding each part will help the reader become familiar with the topic. This book has been used successfully both as a classroom textbook and as a reference book by consultants involved with sediment transport.

A One dimensional Model of Cohesive Sediment Transport in Open Channels

Author: Qianru Lin
Format: PDF
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Abstract: Fine-grained, cohesive sediments, widely existing in rivers, lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, etc., not only harmfully influence environment and ecosystems, but also cause problems to many types of structures, e.g., siltation in harbor entrance channels, docks and reservoirs. It has been recognized that when the fraction of fine-grained sediments is larger than about 10%, sediment mixtures consisting of cohesive and non-cohesive particles may exhibit cohesive properties, which gives a result that transport that transport processes of such mixtures are more complicated than those of coarse grained, non cohesive sediments. In an effort to understand and quantitatively predict the transport of sediment mixtures with cohesive and non-cohesive particles, a one-dimensional cohesive sediment transport model has been developed and integrated with the existing CCHE1D non-cohesive sediment transport model into a new sediment transport module, which calculates the concentrations of both cohesive and non-cohesive sediments using the same solver. Thereafter, the new sediment transport module has been incorporated with the hydrodynamic model into a newly enhanced CCHE1D model framework. A detailed mathematical description, numerical discretization, and solutions of the governing equations of the new sediment transport model are presented in this thesis. The cohesive sediment transport model simulates the deposition and erosion of cohesive sediments considering the effects of flocculation and consolidation. It relates the flocculation to the sediment size, sediment concentration, salinity, and turbulence intensity, and represents the consolidation of cohesive bed material through the temporal variation of dry bed density. The new sediment transport model takes into account the interactions between cohesive and non-cohesive sediments exceeds certain limits. The developed cohesive sediment transport model has been validated using two single-sized cohesive transport experiments conducted by Hayter (1983) and Dixit ((1982). The entire integrated sediment transport model has been tested by three real-world cases: the lower Fox River in Wisconsin, U.S., the Three Gorges Reservoir in China, and the Danjiangkou Reservoir in China. The model shows a good agreement between simulated results and measured data. After having been validated by a variety of laboratory and field cases, the new model can be applied to studies of real-world problems related to cohesive and non-cohesive sediments, with high efficiency and reliability.

Loose Boundary Hydraulics

Author: Arved J. Raudkivi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789054104483
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sediment transport, two-phase flow and loose boundary hydraulics are some of the problems of interaction between fluid flow (water or air) and boundaries that may be non-cohesive (alluvial) or cohesive. Unlike in classical hydraulics, these boundaries can change their shape and texture with changing flow conditions. Some of the material from the boundaries may be entrained into the flow, or sediment may be added to the flow, sometimes by tributaries as suspended matter. One instance is the transport of granular material in pipelines Since the changing boundaries are the central feature of most flow processes in nature, the term loose boundary hydraulics is here introduced. Examines the physical processes involved in the interaction between air or liquid flow and the solid boundaries of its movement, showing how the properties of each material affect the dynamics between them.