Classical and Modern Numerical Analysis

Author: Azmy S. Ackleh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420091588
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Classical and Modern Numerical Analysis: Theory, Methods and Practice provides a sound foundation in numerical analysis for more specialized topics, such as finite element theory, advanced numerical linear algebra, and optimization. It prepares graduate students for taking doctoral examinations in numerical analysis. The text covers the main areas of introductory numerical analysis, including the solution of nonlinear equations, numerical linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, approximation theory, numerical integration, and boundary value problems. Focusing on interval computing in numerical analysis, it explains interval arithmetic, interval computation, and interval algorithms. The authors illustrate the concepts with many examples as well as analytical and computational exercises at the end of each chapter. This advanced, graduate-level introduction to the theory and methods of numerical analysis supplies the necessary background in numerical methods so that students can apply the techniques and understand the mathematical literature in this area. Although the book is independent of a specific computer program, MATLAB® code is available on the authors' website to illustrate various concepts.

XML in Scientific Computing

Author: Constantine Pozrikidis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466512288
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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While the extensible markup language (XML) has received a great deal of attention in web programming and software engineering, far less attention has been paid to XML in mainstream computational science and engineering. Correcting this imbalance, XML in Scientific Computing introduces XML to scientists and engineers in a way that illustrates the similarities and differences with traditional programming languages and suggests new ways of saving and sharing the results of scientific calculations. The author discusses XML in the context of scientific computing, demonstrates how the extensible stylesheet language (XSL) can be used to perform various calculations, and explains how to create and navigate through XML documents using traditional languages such as Fortran, C++, and MATLAB®. A suite of computer programs are available on the author’s website.

Fundamentals of Grid Computing

Author: Frederic Magoules
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439803684
Format: PDF, Docs
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The integration and convergence of state-of-the-art technologies in the grid have enabled more flexible, automatic, and complex grid services to fulfill industrial and commercial needs, from the LHC at CERN to meteorological forecasting systems. Fundamentals of Grid Computing: Theory, Algorithms and Technologies discusses how the novel technologies of semantic web and workflow have been integrated into the grid and grid services. The book explains how distributed mutual exclusion algorithms offer solutions to transmission and control processes. It also addresses the replication problem in data grids with limited replica storage and the problem of data management in grids. After comparing utility, grid, autonomic, and cloud computing, the book presents efficient solutions for the reliable execution of applications in computational grid platforms. It then describes a fault tolerant distributed scheduling algorithm for large-scale distributed applications, along with broadcasting algorithms for institutional grids. The final chapter shows how load balancing is integrated into a real-world scientific application. Helping readers develop practical skills in grid technology, the appendices introduce user-friendly open source software written in Java. One of the software packages covers strategies for data replication in the grid. The other deals with the implementation of a simulator for distributed scheduling in grid environments. The various technology presented in this book demonstrates the wide aspects of interest in grid computing as well as the many possibilities and venues that exist in this research area. This interest will only further evolve as numerous exciting developments still await us.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author: Frederic Magoules
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439856613
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Exploring new variations of classical methods as well as recent approaches appearing in the field, Computational Fluid Dynamics demonstrates the extensive use of numerical techniques and mathematical models in fluid mechanics. It presents various numerical methods, including finite volume, finite difference, finite element, spectral, smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), mixed-element-volume, and free surface flow. Taking a unified point of view, the book first introduces the basis of finite volume, weighted residual, and spectral approaches. The contributors present the SPH method, a novel approach of computational fluid dynamics based on the mesh-free technique, and then improve the method using an arbitrary Lagrange Euler (ALE) formalism. They also explain how to improve the accuracy of the mesh-free integration procedure, with special emphasis on the finite volume particle method (FVPM). After describing numerical algorithms for compressible computational fluid dynamics, the text discusses the prediction of turbulent complex flows in environmental and engineering problems. The last chapter explores the modeling and numerical simulation of free surface flows, including future behaviors of glaciers. The diverse applications discussed in this book illustrate the importance of numerical methods in fluid mechanics. With research continually evolving in the field, there is no doubt that new techniques and tools will emerge to offer greater accuracy and speed in solving and analyzing even more fluid flow problems.

Particle Swarm Optimisation

Author: Jun Sun
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439835764
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Although the particle swarm optimisation (PSO) algorithm requires relatively few parameters and is computationally simple and easy to implement, it is not a globally convergent algorithm. In Particle Swarm Optimisation: Classical and Quantum Perspectives, the authors introduce their concept of quantum-behaved particles inspired by quantum mechanics, which leads to the quantum-behaved particle swarm optimisation (QPSO) algorithm. This globally convergent algorithm has fewer parameters, a faster convergence rate, and stronger searchability for complex problems. The book presents the concepts of optimisation problems as well as random search methods for optimisation before discussing the principles of the PSO algorithm. Examples illustrate how the PSO algorithm solves optimisation problems. The authors also analyse the reasons behind the shortcomings of the PSO algorithm. Moving on to the QPSO algorithm, the authors give a thorough overview of the literature on QPSO, describe the fundamental model for the QPSO algorithm, and explore applications of the algorithm to solve typical optimisation problems. They also discuss some advanced theoretical topics, including the behaviour of individual particles, global convergence, computational complexity, convergence rate, and parameter selection. The text closes with coverage of several real-world applications, including inverse problems, optimal design of digital filters, economic dispatch problems, biological multiple sequence alignment, and image processing. MATLAB®, Fortran, and C++ source codes for the main algorithms are provided on an accompanying CD-ROM. Helping you numerically solve optimisation problems, this book focuses on the fundamental principles and applications of PSO and QPSO algorithms. It not only explains how to use the algorithms, but also covers advanced topics that establish the groundwork for understanding state-of-the-art research in the field.

Desktop Grid Computing

Author: Christophe Cerin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143986215X
Format: PDF
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Desktop Grid Computing presents common techniques used in numerous models, algorithms, and tools developed during the last decade to implement desktop grid computing. These techniques enable the solution of many important sub-problems for middleware design, including scheduling, data management, security, load balancing, result certification, and fault tolerance. The book’s first part covers the initial ideas and basic concepts of desktop grid computing. The second part explores challenging current and future problems. Each chapter presents the sub-problems, discusses theoretical and practical issues, offers details about implementation and experiments, and includes references to further reading and notes. One of the first books to give a thorough and up-to-date presentation of this topic, this resource describes various approaches and models as well as recent trends that underline the evolution of desktop grids. It balances the theory of designing desktop grid middleware and architecture with applications and real-world deployment on large-scale platforms.

A Concise Introduction to Image Processing using C

Author: Meiqing Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584888989
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Image recognition has become an increasingly dynamic field with new and emerging civil and military applications in security, exploration, and robotics. Written by experts in fractal-based image and video compression, A Concise Introduction to Image Processing using C++ strengthens your knowledge of fundamentals principles in image acquisition, conservation, processing, and manipulation, allowing you to easily apply these techniques in real-world problems. The book presents state-of-the-art image processing methodology, including current industrial practices for image compression, image de-noising methods based on partial differential equations (PDEs), and new image compression methods, such as fractal image compression and wavelet compression. It begins with coverage of representation, and then moves on to communications and processing. It concludes with discussions of processing techniques based on image representations and transformations developed in earlier chapters. The accompanying CD-ROM contains code for all algorithms. Suitable as a text for any course on image processing, the book can also be used as a self-study resource for researchers who need a concise and clear view of current image processing methods and coding examples. The authors introduce mathematical concepts with rigor suitable for readers with some background in calculus, algebra, geometry, and PDEs. All algorithms described are illustrated with code implementation and many images compare the results of different methods. The inclusion of C++ implementation code for each algorithm described enables students and practitioners to build up their own analysis tool.

Introduction to Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Author: Nabil Nassif
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466589493
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Designed for a one-semester course, Introduction to Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing presents fundamental concepts of numerical mathematics and explains how to implement and program numerical methods. The classroom-tested text helps students understand floating point number representations, particularly those pertaining to IEEE simple and double-precision standards as used in scientific computer environments such as MATLAB® version 7. Drawing on their years of teaching students in mathematics, engineering, and the sciences, the authors discuss computer arithmetic as a source for generating round-off errors and how to avoid the use of algebraic expression that may lead to loss of significant figures. They cover nonlinear equations, linear algebra concepts, the Lagrange interpolation theorem, numerical differentiation and integration, and ODEs. They also focus on the implementation of the algorithms using MATLAB®. Each chapter ends with a large number of exercises, with answers to odd-numbered exercises provided at the end of the book. Throughout the seven chapters, several computer projects are proposed. These test the students' understanding of both the mathematics of numerical methods and the art of computer programming.

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Matrix Theory A Second Course

Author: James M. Ortega
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489904719
Format: PDF, ePub
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Linear algebra and matrix theory are essentially synonymous terms for an area of mathematics that has become one of the most useful and pervasive tools in a wide range of disciplines. It is also a subject of great mathematical beauty. In consequence of both of these facts, linear algebra has increasingly been brought into lower levels of the curriculum, either in conjunction with the calculus or separate from it but at the same level. A large and still growing number of textbooks has been written to satisfy this need, aimed at students at the junior, sophomore, or even freshman levels. Thus, most students now obtaining a bachelor's degree in the sciences or engineering have had some exposure to linear algebra. But rarely, even when solid courses are taken at the junior or senior levels, do these students have an adequate working knowledge of the subject to be useful in graduate work or in research and development activities in government and industry. In particular, most elementary courses stop at the point of canonical forms, so that while the student may have "seen" the Jordan and other canonical forms, there is usually little appreciation of their usefulness. And there is almost never time in the elementary courses to deal with more specialized topics like nonnegative matrices, inertia theorems, and so on. In consequence, many graduate courses in mathematics, applied mathe matics, or applications develop certain parts of matrix theory as needed.