Cancer Drug Resistance

Author: Beverly A. Teicher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597450359
Format: PDF, ePub
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Leading experts summarize and synthesize the latest discoveries concerning the changes that occur in tumor cells as they develop resistance to anticancer drugs, and suggest new approaches to preventing and overcoming it. The authors review physiological resistance based upon tumor architecture, cellular resistance based on drug transport, epigenetic changes that neutralize or bypass drug cytotoxicity, and genetic changes that alter drug target molecules by decreasing or eliminating drug binding and efficacy. Highlights include new insights into resistance to antiangiogenic therapies, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in therapeutic resistance, cancer stem cells, and the development of more effective therapies. There are also new findings on tumor immune escape mechanisms, gene amplification in drug resistance, the molecular determinants of multidrug resistance, and resistance to taxanes and Herceptin.

Cancer Drug Resistance Research Perspectives

Author: Liman S. Torres
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600215728
Format: PDF, Mobi
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One of the main causes of failure in the treatment of cancer is the development of drug resistance by the cancer cells. The design of cancer chemotherapy has become increasingly sophisticated, yet there is no cancer treatment that is 100 percent effective against disseminated cancer. This book presents the research in this field.

Cancer Drug Resistance

Author: Jose Rueff
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493933457
Format: PDF
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This volume discusses the latest advancements and technologies used in cancer drug resistance research. Cancer Drug Resistance: Overviews and Methods contains chapters that cover topics such as: studying the mechanics of resistance to DNA damaging therapeutic drugs; studies to delineate the role of efflux transporters; expression of drug transporters; resistance to targeted therapies in breast cancer; the role of microRNAs in current pancreatic cancer treatment; and cancer exosomes as mediators of drug resistance or clinical and molecular methods in drug development and the use of bioinformatics in the management of cancer drug resistance data. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include overviews of the main issues in cancer drug resistance and the respective mechanisms, as well as introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Cancer Drug Resistance: Overviews and Methods, is a valuable resource to researchers, oncobiologists and clinical oncologists or anyone else who is interested in the study of cancer and its drug resistances.

Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells

Author: Kapil Mehta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387894454
Format: PDF
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It was estimated that in 2008, 1,437,180 patients would receive a new cancer diagnosisand 565,650individualswould die of cancer (Jemal et al. 2008).Since the vast majority of patients dying of cancer will have had anticancer therapy, both c- ventional chemotherapy and novel targeted therapy, it can be concluded that these patients are dying with drug resistant cancer. The term multidrug resistance is also apt – in that these patients die after having undergone multiple rounds of different and structurally unrelated cancer therapies. However, for some, the concept of m- tidrug resistance is a worn out idea, stemming from disappointment with the drug resistancereversalstrategiesthatwerecarriedoutinthe1990susingpumpinhibitors to block drug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein, product of the MDR-1 gene. However, if one takes the larger de?nition – multidrug resistance as simultaneous resistance to multiple structurally unrelated anticancer therapies – its existence c- not be denied. The purpose of this book is to explore new concepts related to drug resistance in cancer, including resistance to the new molecularly targeted agents. Perhaps new terminology is needed for resistance that occurs following therapy with the targeted agents: Novel Targeted Agent Resistance (NTR). Alternatively, we can return to the original de?nition of multidrug resistance as simply the res- tance to multipleagents that occurs in the course of normalcancer progression.This resistance is likely to be mediated by many factors.

Progress in Cancer Drug Resistance Research

Author: Robert A. Parsons
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600218224
Format: PDF
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One of the main causes of failure in the treatment of cancer is the development of drug resistance by the cancer cells. The design of cancer chemotherapy has become increasingly sophisticated, yet there is no cancer treatment that is 100 percent effective against disseminated cancer. Resistance to treatment with anticancer drugs results from a variety of factors including individual variations in patients and somatic cell genetic differences in tumours, even those from the same tissue of origin. Frequently resistance is intrinsic to the cancer, but as therapy becomes more and more effective, acquired resistance has also become common.The most common reason for acquisition of resistance to a broad range of anticancer drugs is expression of one or more energy-dependent transporters that detect and eject anti-cancer drugs from cells, but other mechanisms of resistance including insensitivity to drug-induced apoptosis and induction of drug-detoxifying mechanisms probably play an important role in acquired anticancer drug resistance. Studies on mechanisms of cancer drug resistance have yielded important information on how to circumvent this resistance to improve cancer chemotherapy and have implications for pharmacokinetics of many commonly used drugs.

Drug Resistance As a Biochemical Target in Cancer Chemotherapy

Author: Makoto Ogawa
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323153887
Format: PDF, ePub
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Drug Resistance as a Biochemical Target in Cancer Chemotherapy covers the proceedings of the 13th Bristol-Myers Squibb Symposium on Cancer Research, entitled ""Drug Resistance as a Biochemical Target in Cancer Chemotherapy"", hosted by the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research in Tokyo. This book is divided into four parts encompassing 18 chapters that summarize the results of both preclinical and clinical research on circumvention of drug resistance. The first two parts discuss the genetic aspects of multidrug resistance and the proteins involved in drug resistance. These parts also examine the structure, function, and expression of P-glycoproteins, with an emphasis on the role of these proteins as targets for cancer chemotherapy. The third part describes the methods for detection of P-glycoprotein and its antagonists to counter clinical drug resistance. This topic is followed by a discussion on the interactions among steroid hormones, steroid hormone receptors, antiandrogens, biological-response modifiers, and cytotoxic drugs in human breast cancer. The concluding part explores the clinical applications of chemosensitizers in cancer therapy. This part also considers the alternative clinical approaches against drug failure, including non-crosss-resistant therapies, autologous bone marrow transplantation, dose-intensive therapy, and high-dose chemotherapy. Biomedical scientists and researchers and clinicians will find this book invaluable.

Drug Resistance in Bacteria Fungi Malaria and Cancer

Author: Gunjan Arora
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319486837
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a compilation of past and recent knowledge in the field of emerging drug resistance. The book covers major aspects of drug resistance in bacteria, fungi, malaria, and cancer.Human survival on earth is constantly threatened by disease and syndrome. From the early days, the aim of research in medicine was to find therapeutic agents that can improve the quality of human life. Although humans are dependent on natural compounds from early days their dependence of drugs increased excessively in last century. The advances in chemistry and biology have helped researchers to identify the drugs that have improved treatment of many diseases. The primary factor for treatment of these diseases is dependent on the efficacy of drugs available. The development of resistance to these drugs is one of the major hindrances. Although there are number of books available on this topic, “drug resistance” biology across kingdoms has never been discussed in a coherent way.

Drug Resistance in Cancer Therapy

Author: Robert F. Ozols
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461316014
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Where do you begin to look for a recent, authoritative article on the diagnosis or management of a particular malignancy? The few general oncology textbooks are generally out of date. Single papers in specialized journals are informative but seldom comprehensive; these are more often preliminary reports on a very limited number of patients. Certain general journals frequently publish good in-depth reviews of cancer topics, and published symposium lectures are often the best overviews available. Unfor tunately, these reviews and supplements appear sporadically, and the reader can never be sure when a topic of special interest will be covered. Cancer Treatment and Research is a series of authoritative volumes that aim to meet this need. It is an attempt to establish a critical mass of oncology literature covering virtually all oncology topics, revised frequently to keep the coverage up to date, easily available on a single library shelf or by a single personal subscription. We have approached the problem in the following fashion: first, by dividing the oncology literature into specific subdivisions such as lung can cer, genitourinary cancer, and pediatric oncology; second, by asking emi nent authorities in each of these areas to edit a volume on the specific topic on an annual or biannual basis. Each topic and tumor type is covered in a volume appearing frequently and predictably, discussing current diagnosis, staging, markers, all forms of treatment modalities, basic biology, and more.

Drug Resistance in Cancer

Author: James H. Goldie
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521111706
Format: PDF, Docs
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An accessible and sophisticated account of the biological mechanisms of drug resistance in cancer and their mathematical modelling.