Bioengineered Nanomaterials

Author: Atul Tiwari
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466585951
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Many varieties of new, complex diseases are constantly being discovered, which leaves scientists with little choice but to embrace innovative methods for controlling the invasion of life-threatening problems. The use of nanotechnology has given scientists an opportunity to create nanomaterials that could help medical professionals in diagnosing and treating problems quickly and effectively. Bioengineered Nanomaterials presents in-depth information on bioengineered nanomaterials currently being developed in leading research laboratories around the world. In particular, the book focuses on nanomaterials for biomedical applications. This collection brings together novel methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and development of bioengineered nanomaterials and technology. Renowned international researchers discuss topics including: Nanoemulsions as a vaccine adjuvant Bioceramic nanomaterials in medical applications Natural and synthetic nanoporous membranes for cell encapsulation therapy Inorganic nanoparticle materials for the controlled release of drugs Nanomedicine in brain tumor treatment Nanoparticles for the treatment of solid tumors and metastasis Near-infrared-resonant gold nanoshells and carbon nanotubes in tumor imaging Toxicity testing and bioapplications of silver nanoparticles Innovative approaches to improve bioactive properties and molecular signaling in cells to stimulate bone repair The book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, pharmacy, biotechnology, and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on nanomaterials of biotechnological importance.

Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials

Author: Bruno Sarmento
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323508790
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials: Concepts, Development and Clinical Translation presents a concise overview of the most promising nanomaterials functionalized with ligands for biomedical applications. The first section focuses on current strategies for identifying biological targets and screening of ligand to optimize anchoring to nanomaterials, providing the foundation for the remaining parts. Section Two covers specific applications of functionalized nanomaterials in therapy and diagnostics, highlighting current practice and addressing major challenges, in particular, case studies of successfully developed and marketed functionalized nanomaterials. The final section focuses on regulatory issues and clinical translation, providing a legal framework for their use in biomedicine. This book is an important reference source for worldwide drug and medical devices policymakers, biomaterials scientists and regulatory bodies. Provides an overview of the methodologies for biological target identification and ligand screening Includes case studies showing the development of functionalized nanomaterials and their biomedical applications Highlights the importance of functionalized nanomaterials for drug delivery, diagnostics and regenerative medicine applications

Nanomaterials for Biosensors

Author: Bansi D. Malhotra
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0128135158
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nanomaterials for Biosensors: Fundamentals and Applications provides a detailed summary of the main nanomaterials used in biosensing and their application. It covers recent developments in nanomaterials for the fabrication of biosensor devices for healthcare diagnostics, food freshness and bioprocessing. The various processes used for synthesis and characterization of nanostructured materials are examined, along with the design and fabrication of bioelectronic devices using nanostructured materials as building blocks. Users will find the fundamentals of the main nanomaterials used in biosensing, helping them visualize a systematic and coherent picture of how nanomaterials are used in biosensors. The book also addresses the role of bio-conjugation of nanomaterials in the construction of nano-biointerfaces for application in biosensors. Such applications, including metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, conducting polymers and plasmonic nanostructures in biosensing are discussed relative to each nanomaterial concerned. Finally, recent advancements in protein functionalized nanomaterials for cancer diagnostics and bio-imaging are also included. Provides a detailed study on how nanomaterials are used to enhance sensing capabilities in biosensors Explains the properties, characterization methods and preparation techniques of the nanomaterials used in biosensing Arranged in a material-by-material way, making it clear how each nanomaterial should be used

Bionanotechnology

Author: Bernd Rehm
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 1908230169
Format: PDF, Docs
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The emerging science of bionanotechnology refers to the harnessing of the vast diversity of self-assembling building blocks and processes for the assembly of nano-scaled structures for the manufacture of highly functional nanomaterials. Bionanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field. It combines biological principles with physical and chemical procedures to generate nano-sized building blocks and materials with specific functions and new properties. It involves the development of biologically-based procedures, the use of biological components and systems, the design of biocompatible objects and systems, and the use of nanotechnology to support biotechnological processes. This book provides a survey of the most striking and successful approaches for the production of biogenic nanodevices, considering not only living organisms as manufacturer, but also in vitro processes that utilize the self-assembly of isolated biomolecules. It presents a topical overview of the vast field of bionanotechnology by describing various biological nanostructures, the implied design space, and the enormous potential for applications in medicine and technology. Two chapters describe the microbial production of tailor-made self-assembled nanostructures which can be processed into functional nanoparticles. Additional chapters comprehensively summarize recent developments in the use of protein-based assemblies for nanodevice and nanomaterials production. Topics include: polymer synthesis * self-assembly and display technology * self-assembly and application of cellulosomal components * protein-aided mineralization of inorganic nanostructures * amyloid fibrils as bionanomaterials * self-assembly and applications of bacteriophages and virus-like particles * plant oil bodies and oleosins-structure function and biotechnological applications * visual restoration using microbial rhodopsins * magnetosomes and liposome-nanoparticle assemblies. This is a recommended book for anyone interested in the fields of nanotechnology, biotechnology, metabolic engineering, molecular biology, genetic engineering, and protein design.

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323461506
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy discusses the available preclinical and clinical nanoparticle technology platforms and their impact on cancer therapy, including current trends and developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapy and chemotherapeutics. In particular, coverage is given to the applications of gold nanoparticles and quantum dots in cancer therapies. In addition to the multifunctional nanomaterials involved in the treatment of cancer, other topics covered include nanocomposites that can target tumoral cells and the release of antitumoral therapeutic agents. The book is an up-to-date overview that covers the inorganic and organic nanostructures involved in the diagnostics and treatment of cancer. Provides an examination of nanoparticle delivery systems for cancer treatment, illustrating how the use of nanotechnology can help provide more effective chemotherapeutic treatments Examines, in detail, the different types of nanomaterials used in cancer therapy, also explaining the effect of each Provides a cogent overview of recent developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapeutics, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this area

Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials

Author: Bengt Fadeel
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128094907
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials: Exposure, Toxicology, and Impact on Human Health, Second Edition, provides a systematic evaluation of representative engineered nanomaterials (ENM) of high volume production and their high economic importance. Each class of nanomaterials discussed includes information on what scientists, industry, regulatory agencies, and the general public need to know about nanosafety. Written by leading international experts in nanotoxicology and nanomedicine, this book gives a comprehensive view of the health impact of ENM, focusing on their potential adverse effects in exposed workers, consumers, and patients. All chapters have been updated with new sections on the endocrine system and other organ systems. In addition, other newly added sections include introductory chapters on the physio-chemical characterization of nanomaterials and interactions between nanomaterials and biological systems, as well as a new chapter that explores risk assessment and management of nanomaterials. This book fills an important need in terms of bridging the gap between experimental findings and human exposure to ENM, also detailing the clinical and pathological consequences of such exposure in the human population. Uses a schematic, non-exhaustive approach to summarizes the most important research data in this field Discusses the health implications of experimental data in nanotoxicology Presents a completely revised edition that focuses on the human health impacts of engineered nanomaterials, including many organ-specific chapters

Impact of Nanoscience in the Food Industry

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128114932
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Impact of Nanoscience in the Food Industry, Volume 12 in The Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, explores how nanoscience applications in food engineering offer an alternative to satisfying current food needs that cannot be fulfilled by natural products. Nanotechnology enables the development of tailored food ingredients and structures to replace products that are difficult to obtain. The book discusses how specialized nano-preservatives, sensors and food degradation and contamination detectors were developed and how they can be introduced in food products without degrading quality or properties of the final product. A valuable resource for food engineering researchers and students alike. Identifies common nanomaterials used in food preservation and food packaging Provides industrial applications to increase food production Describes analytical methods for assessing food safety Identifies how nanoscience advances allow for new developments in functional foods and nutraceuticals Discusses safety concerns, regulations and restricted use of nanomaterials in food bioengineering

Nanomaterials and Devices

Author: Donglu Shi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1455777498
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Introducing the fields of nanomaterials and devices, and their applications across a wide range of academic disciplines and industry sectors, Donglu Shi bridges knowledge acquisition and practical work, providing a starting point for the research and development of applications. The book describes characterization of nanomaterials, their preparation methods and performance testing techniques; the design and development of nano-scale devices; and the applications of nanomaterials, with examples taken from different industry sectors, such as lighting, energy, bioengineering and medicine / medical devices. Key nanomaterial types are covered, such as carbon nanotubes, nanobiomaterials, nano-magnetic materials, semiconductor materials and nanocomposites. Shi also provides detailed coverage of key emerging technologies such as DNA nanotechnology and spintronics. The resulting text is equally relevant for advanced students (senior and graduate) and for engineers and scientists from a variety of different academic backgrounds working in the multi-disciplinary field of nanotechnology. Provides detailed guidance for the characterization of nanomaterials, their preparation, and performance testing Explains the principles and challenges of the design and development of nano-scale devices Explores applications through cases taken from a range of different sectors, including electronics, energy and medicine.

Intelligent Nanomaterials

Author: Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047093879X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Smart and intelligent nanomaterials are currently in sharp focus in materials research as their properties are increasingly becoming more understood. This large and fairly comprehensive volume includes thirty chapters divided into four main areas: Inorganic materials, organic materials, composite materials, and biomaterials. It covers the latest research and developments in smart nanomaterials: processing, properties, and applications. Included are molecular device materials, biomimetic materials, hybrid-type functionalized polymers-composite materials, information-and energy-transfer materials, as well as environmentally friendly materials"--

Nanomaterials and Nanosystems for Biomedical Applications

Author: M. Reza Mozafari
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402062893
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Under a single cover, this book brings together various aspects of functional bioengineered materials and nanostructured biomaterials including commonly used implants and sustained release nanodevices. The book includes expert reviews on the advances and current problems associated with the implants and nanodevices. Containing recent citations and bibliographies, this book will be an indispensable source of information for new researchers and scientists.