Bioassays with Arthropods Third Edition

Author: Jacqueline L. Robertson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315356279
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Imagine a statistics book for bioassays written by a statistician. Next, imagine a statistics book for bioassays written for a layman. Bioassays with Arthropods, Third Edition offers the best of both worlds by translating the terse, precise language of the statistician into language used by the laboratory scientist. The book explains the statistical basis and analysis for each kind of quantal response bioassay in just the right amount of detail. The first two editions were a great reference for designing, conducting, and interpreting bioassays: this completely revised and updated third edition will also train the laboratory scientist to be an expert in estimation of dose response curves. New in the Third Edition: Introduces four new Windows and Apple-based computer programs (PoloJR, OptiDose, PoloMixture and PoloMulti) for the analyses of binary and multiple response analyses, respectively Replaces out-of-date GLIM examples with R program samples Includes a new chapter, Population Toxicology, and takes a systems approach to bioassays Expands the coverage of invasive species and quarantine statistics Building on the foundation set by the much-cited first two editions, the authors clearly delineate applications and ideas that are exceptionally challenging for those not already familiar with their use. They lead you through the methods with such ease and organization, that you suddenly find yourself readily able to apply concepts that you never thought you would understand. To order the PoloSuite computer software described in Bioassays with Arthropods, Third Edition, use the order form found at www.leora-software.com or contact the LeOra Software Company at [email protected]

The Toxicology and Biochemistry of Insecticides Second Edition

Author: Simon J. Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482210614
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Despite their potentially adverse effects on nontarget species and the environment, insecticides remain a necessity in crop protection as well as in the reduction of insect-borne diseases. The Toxicology and Biochemistry of Insecticides provides essential insecticide knowledge required for the effective management of insect pests. Continuing as the sole book in more than two decades to address this multifaceted field, the Second Edition of this highly praised review on insecticide toxicology has been greatly expanded and updated to present the most current information on: Systemic classification of insecticides How insecticides function at the molecular level and newly discovered modes of action Insecticide resistance, molecular mechanisms, fitness costs, reversion, and management of resistance Various bioassay methods including the interpretation of probit analysis Molecular mechanisms of insecticide selectivity Major biochemical mechanisms involved in the transformation of insecticides Fate of insecticides in the environment and the sublethal effects of insecticides on wildlife Newly developed insecticides, including the addition of more microbial insecticides in keeping with current integrated pest management (IPM) approaches Incorporating extensive reference lists for further reading, The Toxicology and Biochemistry of Insecticides, Second Edition is an ideal textbook for students of entomology, plant medicine, insecticide toxicology, and related agricultural disciplines. It is also a valuable resource for those involved in insecticide research, environmental toxicology, and crop protection.

Insect Repellents Handbook Second Edition

Author: Mustapha Debboun
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553588
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The public has a great desire for products that prevent the annoyance of biting insects and ticks, but that desire does not always translate into sensible use of those products. Insect Repellents Handbook, Second Edition summarizes evidence-based information on insect repellents to inform decisions by those involved with insect repellent research, development, and use. This authoritative, single-source reference makes it possible for you to quickly gain a working level of expertise about insect repellents, without having to search through the scattered literature. The previous edition was the first comprehensive volume on this subject and quickly became the definitive reference on insect repellents. This second edition reflects the current state of insect repellent science, covers the processes involved in the development and testing of new active ingredients and formulations, and discusses the practical uses of repellents. The book includes thought-provoking discussions on how repellents work, their neuromolecular basis of action, and whether green chemistry can provide effective repellents. It also supplies an in-depth understanding of the development of repellents including testing methods, review of active ingredients, and the use of chemical mixtures as repellents. It provides science-backed chapters on repellent use including best practices for use of personal protection products, criteria for repellent use, and insect repellents for other potential use.

Insect Repellents

Author: Mustapha Debboun
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420006657
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Drawing together information previously found only in articles, reviews, symposia proceedings, commercial literature, and medical entomology texts, Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Uses is a one-volume source on the development, evaluation, and use of repellents. It provides a thoughtful analysis of old and new information, from the ancient history of people’s attempts to avoid bites, through the use of synthetic and botanical products, to pioneering techniques for development of repellent products. After reading this book, you will be able to perform the next step in research, thoroughly evaluate data on repellents, and choose the best products for any situation. The editors introduce and define the word “phagomone” to fill the gap created by the many different meanings attributed to the word “repellent.” They present the history of repellent production that has led to the formulations currently in use and discuss the biological variety of phagomones as they function in nature. The book then delineates the methods used to assess the activity of phagomones and repellent products. A special feature of the book is its coverage of what many consider the cutting-edge in repellent testing: automated tests of the arthropods’ responses, the use of computer models of chemistry, and the use of molecular biology methods. The book comprehensively compares active ingredients and includes an index of illustrated chemical structures that lists most chemicals involved in repellent development. A thought-provoking discussion of the process of testing formulated products and comprehensive reviews of natural and synthetic active ingredients round out the book’s coverage. It supplies an in-depth understanding of the variety of purposes served by repellent bioassays and lays the foundation for evaluating data and designing new tests as well as developing and delivering new tools and approaches. This book provides all the information you need to give evidence-based recommendations.

Essentials of Glycobiology

Author: Ajit Varki
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 9780879696818
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sugar chains (glycans) are often attached to proteins and lipids and have multiple roles in the organization and function of all organisms. They participate in activities as diverse as protein folding, leukocyte physiology, and microbial pathogenesis. Genetic defects in their assembly are at the root of a growing list of human diseases. Essentials of Glycobiology describes their biogenesis and function and offers a useful gateway to the understanding of glycans.

Methods of Hormone Radioimmunoassay

Author: Bernard Jaffe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 032316126X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Methods of Hormone Radioimmunoassay, Second Edition is a compilation of radioimmunoassay techniques for the quantification of hormones. Various kinds of hormones are considered, namely: intracellular messengers; hypothalamic and pineal hormones; pituitary hormones; thyroid and parathyroid hormones; renal hormones; hormones of the gastrointestinal tract; pancreatic hormones; steroid hormones; uterine and placental hormones; vasoactive peptide hormones; and growth factors. The corresponding method of radioimmunoassay for each hormone is described. This book is comprised of 49 chapters and begins with a discussion on the radioimmunoassay of cyclic adenosine-3',5-monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine-3,5'-monophosphate (cGMP), together with problems related to measuring both compounds. The reader is then introduced to prostaglandins and prostaglandin metabolites, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Pituitaty gonadotropins, prolactin, and thyrotropin are also discussed. The remaining chapters deal with hormones of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreatic hormones, steroid hormones, and growth factors. This monograph is intended for both clinicians and investigators interested in methods of hormone radioimmunoassay.

Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology

Author: Lawrence A. Lacey
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869005
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology, Second Edition, describes a wide range of techniques used in the identification, isolation, propagation/cultivation, bioassay, quantification, preservation, and storage of the major groups of entomopathogens, including entomophthorales, entomopathogenic fungi, entomopathogenic bacteria of the Bacilli, Nematode parasites, and pathogens and parasites of terrestrial molluscs. The book presents the perspectives of an international group of experts in the fields of invertebrate pathology, including microbiology, mycology, virology, nematology, biological control, and integrated pest management. Organized into 15 chapters, the book covers methods for the study of virtually every major group of entomopathogen, as well as methods for discovery and diagnosis of entomopathogens and the use of complementary methods for microscopy. It discusses the use of molecular techniques for identifying and determining phylogeny, factors that contribute to resistance to entomopathogens, and several other aspects of the science of invertebrate pathology. It also explains initial handling and diagnosis of diseased invertebrates, basic techniques in insect virology, and bioassay of bacterial entomopathogens against insect larvae. In addition, the reader is introduced to the use of bacteria against soil-inhabiting insects and preservation of entomopathogenic fungal cultures. The remaining chapters focus on research methods for entomopathogenic microsporidia and other protists, how the pathogenicity and infectivity of entomopathogens to mammals are tested, and preparations of entomopathogens and diseased specimens for more detailed study using microscopy. Experienced insect pathologists, biologists, entomologists, students, biotechnology personnel, technicians, those working in the biopesticide industry, and government regulators will find this manual extremely helpful. Step-by-step instructions for the latest techniques on how to isolate, identify, culture, bioassay and store the major groups of entomopathogens New edition fully updated to address changes in the taxonomy of the vast majority of taxa Discussion of safety testing of entomopathogens in mammals and also broader methods such as microscopy and molecular techniques Provides extensive supplemental literature and recipes for media, fixatives and stains

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Author: David J. Hoffman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142003250X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.

Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests

Author: Lawrence A. Lacey
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128035668
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: From Theory to Practice is an important source of information on microbial control agents and their implementation in a variety of crops and their use against medical and veterinary vector insects, in urban homes and other structures, in turf and lawns, and in rangeland and forests. This comprehensive and enduring resource on entomopathogens and microbial control additionally functions as a supplementary text to courses in insect pathology, biological control, and integrated pest management. It gives regulators and producers up-to-date information to support their efforts to facilitate and adopt this sustainable method of pest management. Authors include an international cadre of experts from academia, government research agencies, technical representatives of companies that produce microbial pesticides, agricultural extension agents with hands on microbial control experience in agriculture and forestry, and other professionals working in public health and urban entomology. Covers all pathogens, including nematodes Addresses the rapidly progressing developments in insect pathology and microbial control, particularly with regard to molecular methods Demonstrates practical use of entomopathogenic microorganisms for pest control, including tables describing which pathogens are available commercially Highlights successful practices in microbial control of individual major pests in temperate, subtropical, and tropical zones Features an international group of contributors, each of which is an expert in their fields of research related to insect pathology and microbial control