Author: Alexis Tocqueville
Publisher: Penguin UK
In 1831 Tocqueville set out from post-revolutionary France on a journey across America that would take him 9 months and cover 7,000 miles. The result was DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA: a subtle and prescient analysis of the life and institutions of 19th-century America. Tocqueville's study of the strengths and weaknesses of an evolving democratic society has been quoted by every American president since Eisenhower. It remains a key point of reference for any discussion of the American nation or the democratic system.
Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
" En Amérique, toutes les lois sortent en quelque sorte de la même pensée. Toute la société, pour ainsi dire, est fondée sur un seul fait ; tout découle d'un principe unique. On pourrait comparer l'Amérique à une grande forêt percée d'une multitude de routes droites qui abordent au même endroit. Il ne s'agit que de rencontrer le rond-point, et tout se découvre d'un seul coup d'œil. " Lettre de Tocqueville au comte Molé, 1835. Tocqueville est allé chercher aux Etats-Unis non pas un modèle, mais un principe à étudier, et une question à illustrer et à résoudre ; à quelles conditions la démocratie, si elle est un état de société, devient ce qu'elle doit être aussi, faute de conduire à une dictature : un état de gouvernement... L'Amérique lui offre, comme société et comme culture, une démocratie pure. Et un gouvernement déduit de cette démocratie pure. Une anti-Europe dans les deux cas, sans héritage aristocratique, sans legs absolutiste, sans passion révolutionnaire. Avec, au contraire, une tradition de libertés locales collectives. Par tous ces traits, mutatis mutandis, un objet de réflexion capital pour les Européens.
Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
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Author: Amy Engel
Publisher: Entangled: Teen
What would you kill for? After a brutal nuclear war, the United States was left decimated. A small group of survivors eventually banded together, but only after more conflict over which family would govern the new nation. The Westfalls lost. Fifty years later, peace and control are maintained by marrying the daughters of the losing side to the sons of the winning group in a yearly ritual. This year, it is my turn. My name is Ivy Westfall, and my mission is simple: to kill the president's son—my soon-to-be husband—and return the Westfall family to power. But Bishop Lattimer is either a very skilled actor or he's not the cruel, heartless boy my family warned me to expect. He might even be the one person in this world who truly understands me. But there is no escape from my fate. I am the only one who can restore the Westfall legacy. Because Bishop must die. And I must be the one to kill him...
Author: Simone de Beauvoir
Publisher: Univ of California Press
A portrait of 1940s America by a French writer, eg. "The constipated girl smiles a loving smile at the lemon juice that relieves her intestines. In the subway, in the streets, on magazine pages, these smiles pursue me like obsessions. I read on a sign in a drugstore, 'Not to grin is a sin.' Everyone obeys the order, the system. 'Cheer up! Take it easy.' Optimism is necessary for the country's social peace and economic prosperity."
Author: Bernard-Henri Lévy
Publisher: Random House
What does it mean to be an American, and what can America be today? To answer these questions, celebrated philosopher and journalist Bernard-Henri Lévy spent a year traveling throughout the country in the footsteps of another great Frenchman, Alexis de Tocqueville, whose Democracy in America remains the most influential book ever written about our country. The result is American Vertigo, a fascinating, wholly fresh look at a country we sometimes only think we know. From Rikers Island to Chicago mega-churches, from Muslim communities in Detroit to an Amish enclave in Iowa, Lévy investigates issues at the heart of our democracy: the special nature of American patriotism, the coexistence of freedom and religion (including the religion of baseball), the prison system, the “return of ideology” and the health of our political institutions, and much more. He revisits and updates Tocqueville’s most important beliefs, such as the dangers posed by “the tyranny of the majority,” explores what Europe and America have to learn from each other, and interprets what he sees with a novelist’s eye and a philosopher’s depth. Through powerful interview-based portraits across the spectrum of the American people, from prison guards to clergymen, from Norman Mailer to Barack Obama, from Sharon Stone to Richard Holbrooke, Lévy fills his book with a tapestry of American voices–some wise, some shocking. Both the grandeur and the hellish dimensions of American life are unflinchingly explored. And big themes emerge throughout, from the crucial choices America faces today to the underlying reality that, unlike the “Old World,” America remains the fulfillment of the world’s desire to worship, earn, and live as one wishes–a place, despite all, where inclusion remains not just an ideal but an actual practice. At a time when Americans are anxious about how the world perceives them and, indeed, keen to make sense of themselves, a brilliant and sympathetic foreign observer has arrived to help us begin a new conversation about the meaning of America. From the Hardcover edition.
Author: E. M. Cioran
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
“Only a monster can allow himself the luxury of seeing things as they are,” writes E. M. Cioran, the Romanian-born philosopher who has rightly been compared to Samuel Beckett. In History and Utopia, Cioran the monster writes of politics in its broadest sense, of history, and of the utopian dream. His views are, to say the least, provocative. In one essay he casts a scathing look at democracy, that “festival of mediocrity”; in another he turns his uncompromising gaze on Russia, its history, its evolution, and what he calls “the virtues of liberty.” In the dark shadow of Stalin and Hitler, he writes of tyrants and tyranny with rare lucidity and convincing logic. In “Odyssey of Rancor,” he examines the deep-rooted dream in all of us to “hate our neighbors,” to take immediate and irremediable revenge. And, in the final essay, he analyzes the notion of the “golden age,” the biblical Eden, the utopia of so many poets and thinkers.
Author: Gene Sharp
Publisher: Albert Einstein Institution
A serious introduction to the use of nonviolent action to topple dictatorships. Based on the author's study, over a period of forty years, on non-violent methods of demonstration, it was originally published in 1993 in Thailand for distribution among Burmese dissidents.
Author: Manuel Alcántara, Jean Blondel, Jean-Louis Thiébault
This new textbook provides students with a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the presidents and presidential leadership in Latin America. Unlike other texts, Presidents and Democracy in Latin America integrates both political analysis and major theoretical perspectives with extensive country-specific material. Part One examines the developments in recent years in Latin American presidentialism and identifies different characteristics of society and politics which have influenced Latin American governments. The personalization of political life and of presidential government help to illustrate the character of Latin American politics, specifically on the type of political career of those who occupied the presidential office, the leadership style of these presidents and the type of government which they led. Part Two studies two presidents in each of six countries in the region which reflect the broad trends in the political and electoral life: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. Each case study first provides the biographical background of the president; it outlines the political career of the president both inside and outside of a party, including at the local level; the popularity of the president at the time of the presidential election is given, as well as the mode of selection of the candidates (selection by party leaders only, by party members or by a primary). The relation of the president with the government or ministers, especially if there is a coalition government, is detailed. This textbook will be essential reading for all students of Latin American Politics and is highly recommended for those studying executive politics, political leadership, and the state of democratic governance in Latin America.
Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
De la D�mocratie en Am�rique, tome deuxi�me by Alexis de Tocqueville
Author: Marc Montoussé
Publisher: Editions Bréal
1oo fiches de lecture est l'ouvrage de référence qui permet d'accéder à la " substantifique moelle " des œuvres majeures en économie, sociologie, histoire et géographie économiques. Il s'adresse en priorité aux étudiants en classes préparatoires économiques et commerciales, en IEP et à l'université qui ne peuvent, faute de temps, lire tous les ouvrages utiles pour maîtriser le programme, ou veulent se les remettre en mémoire à l'approche des examens et concours. Ces fiches sont classées par thèmes et émaillées de nombreuses citations. Après avoir replacé les œuvres dans leur contexte, elles en restituent de façon structurée les idées essentielles, puis en précisent la portée. Étudiants, mais aussi passionnés et curieux pourront enfin disposer d'une synthèse des œuvres fondamentales.