Author: Pierre Clastres
Publisher: Ubu Editora LTDA - ME
O poder nem sempre é exercido numa relação hierárquica de dominação e submissão – esta é a tese desenvolvida por Pierre Clastres neste que é um dos mais importantes trabalhos de antropologia política do século XX. Os onze artigos, publicados entre 1962 e 1974, fazem uso do arcabouço teórico desenvolvido por autores franceses como Claude Lévi-Strauss, Michel Foucault. O autor se baseia em estudos etnológicos e em sua vivência com populações indígenas da América do Sul para formular um novo conceito de política. O livro foi uma referência importante no argumento de Mil platôs, de Gilles Deleuze e Félix Guattari. De acordo com a visão corrente na época, as sociedades primitivas seriam desprovidas de uma esfera política por não apresentarem formas de exercício de poder iguais às ocidentais – isto é, as relações hierarquizadas e autoritárias de comando-obediência que normalmente são associadas ao Estado. O autor reivindica uma revolução copérnica que liberte a antropologia desta postura etnocêntrica e possibilite uma interpretação mais ampla das relações de poder, abrindo o caminho para o estudo da política nesses povos. Ao analisar as características da posição do chefe, Clastres defende que a ausência de Estado não é casual. Ao contrário, as sociedades primitivas fazem um esforço ativo de regular as interações do chefe com o grupo, estabelecendo os parâmetros segundo os quais as trocas ocorrerão. Clastres propõe uma inversão da lógica marxista segundo a qual o poder de poucos sobre muitos deriva da desigualdade social; defende, ao contrário, que a desigualdade é uma consequência da atribuição de um poder autoritário a um grupo dominante. Assim, em oposição ao conceito de sociedade sem Estado, ele propõe o de sociedade contra o Estado: sociedades que atuam impedindo a conversão do poder do chefe em autoritarismo. A coleção Argonautas traça uma linhagem do pensamento antropológico que tem como centro de força o estruturalismo de Claude Lévi-Strauss.
Author: Zygmunt Bauman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
In this new book, Bauman examines how we have moved away from a 'heavy' and 'solid', hardware-focused modernity to a 'light' and 'liquid', software-based modernity. This passage, he argues, has brought profound change to all aspects of the human condition. The new remoteness and un-reachability of global systemic structure coupled with the unstructured and under-defined, fluid state of the immediate setting of life-politics and human togetherness, call for the rethinking of the concepts and cognitive frames used to narrate human individual experience and their joint history. This book is dedicated to this task. Bauman selects five of the basic concepts which have served to make sense of shared human life - emancipation, individuality, time/space, work and community - and traces their successive incarnations and changes of meaning. Liquid Modernity concludes the analysis undertaken in Bauman's two previous books Globalization: The Human Consequences and In Search of Politics. Together these volumes form a brilliant analysis of the changing conditions of social and political life by one of the most original thinkers writing today.
Author: Pierre Clastres, Robert Hurley
"The thesis is radical," writes Marshall Sahlins of this landmark text in anthropology and political science. "We conventionally define the state as the regulation of violence; it may be the origin of it. Clastres's thesis is that economic expropriation and political coercion are inconsistent with the character of tribal society - which is to say, with the greater part of human history."Can there be a society that is not divided into oppressors and oppressed, or that refuses coercive state apparatuses? In this beautifully written book, Pierre Clastres offers examples of South American Indian groups that, although without hierarchical leadership, were both affluent and complex. In so doing he refutes the usual negative definition of tribal society and poses its order as a radical critique of our own Western state of power.Born in 1934, Pierre Clastres was educated at the Sorbonne; throughout the 1960s he lived with Indian groups in Paraguay and Venezuela. From 1971 until his death in 1979 he was Director of Studies at the fifth section of the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in Paris and held the Chair of Religion and Societies of the South American Indians there.Robert Hurley is the translator of the History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault and cotranslator of Anti-Oedipus by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari.
Author: Guy Debord
Publisher: Bread and Circuses Publishing
The Das Kapital of the 20th century,Society of the Spectacle is an essential text, and the main theoretical work of the Situationists. Few works of political and cultural theory have been as enduringly provocative. From its publication amid the social upheavals of the 1960's, in particular the May 1968 uprisings in France, up to the present day, with global capitalism seemingly staggering around in it’s Zombie end-phase, the volatile theses of this book have decisively transformed debates on the shape of modernity, capitalism, and everyday life in the late 20th century. This ‘Red and Black’ translation from 1977 is Introduced by Notting Hill armchair insurrectionary Tom Vague with a galloping time line and pop-situ verve, and given a more analytical over view by young upstart thinker Sam Cooper.
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Psychology Press
In France, a country that awards its intellectuals the status other countries give their rock stars, Michel Foucault was part of a glittering generation of thinkers, one which also included Sartre, de Beauvoir and Deleuze. One of the great intellectual heroes of the twentieth century, Foucault was a man whose passion and reason were at the service of nearly every progressive cause of his time. From law and order, to mental health, to power and knowledge, he spearheaded public awareness of the dynamics that hold us all in thrall to a few powerful ideologies and interests. Arguably his finest work, Archaeology of Knowledge is a challenging but fantastically rewarding introduction to his ideas.
Author: M. Fortes, E. E. Evans-Pritchard
First published in 1940 and this edition in 1987, this book is a comparative study of African political institutions. It describes different types of social organisation that are found in a number of African societies and analyses the principles underlying these traditional forms of government. The volume represents the results of field studies carried out by trained investigators in a number of areas, and was compiled and edited under the auspices of the International African Institute. It will be of interest to students, anthropologists and administrators.
Author: Michael Bakunin
Publisher: Courier Corporation
A founder of modern philosophical anarchism presents a clear introduction to anarchist thought and a manifesto of atheism. This influential work offers a mind-opening experience for even the most skeptical readers.
Author: Karl Polanyi
Publisher: Beacon Press
One of the twentieth century's most thorough and discerning historians, Karl Polanyi sheds "new illumination on . . . the social implications of a particular economic system, the market economy that grew into full stature in the nineteenth century." -R. M. MacIver
Author: Pierre Clastres
Chronicle of the Guayaki Indians is an account of Clastres's first fieldwork in theearly 1960s—an encounter with a small, unique, and now vanished Paraguayantribe.
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This first book in Castells' groundbreaking trilogy, with a substantial new preface, highlights the economic and social dynamics of the information age and shows how the network society has now fully risen on a global scale. Groundbreaking volume on the impact of the age of information on all aspects of society Includes coverage of the influence of the internet and the net-economy Describes the accelerating pace of innovation and social transformation Based on research in the USA, Asia, Latin America, and Europe
Author: Norberto Bobbio
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book presents a valuable clarification and defence of human rights by Italy's leading political theorist.
Author: Karl Marx, Joseph O'Malley
Publisher: CUP Archive
This book is a complete translation of Marx's critical commentary on paragraphs 261-313 of Hegel's major work in political theory. In this text Marx subjects Hegel's doctrine on the internal constitution of the state to a lengthy analysis. It was Marx's first attempt to expose and criticize Hegel's philosophy in general and his political philosophy in particular. It also represents his early efforts to criticize existing political institutions and to clarify the relations between the political and economic aspects of society. The Critique provides textual evidence in support of the argument that Marx's early writings do not exhibit radically different doctrinal principles and theoretical and practical concerns from his later work. This edition also includes a translation of the introduction Marx wrote for his proposed revised version of the Critique which he never completed. In a substantial introduction, Professor O'Malley provides valuable information on Marx's intellectual development.